Validation of an Alternative Biological Test to Increase the Detection Sensitivity of a Colon Tumour (VATNIMAD)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01270360
First received: December 28, 2010
Last updated: October 7, 2014
Last verified: October 2014
  Purpose

Screening campaigns for colorectal cancer (CRC) involve two steps: the detection of occult blood in stools using a Hemoccult GAIAC test (FOBT) on three consecutive stool samples, followed by colonoscopy if the result is positive. The information quality of the Hemoccult test, however, is poor: in the asymptomatic 50 to 74 year-old population, the detection sensitivity of polyps more than 1 cm in diameter is of the order of 10 to 30% and is 35 to 50% for detecting colorectal cancers; specificity is 94 to 98% that of a complete colonoscopy. The I-FOBTs based on immunological detection and quantification of occult blood in stools are currently being evaluated; based on the threshold it can be more sensitive than FOBT, but enhances useless colonoscopies. Alternatively, with highest threshold of blood in stools, it may become highly specific and miss less advanced polyps. Faecal molecular tests based on the detection of human DNA anomalies (point gene mutations, methylation disorders of CG islets) appear to be more sensitive than the detection of occult blood in stools with no loss of specificity, but they are very expensive, thereby limiting their generalisation to the scale of population screening. A formal methylated DNA test has been validated in stools as well as in blood in a cohort of symptomatic individuals having undergone colonoscopy. The aim of the present study is to validate this test by taking advantage of the biotechnical expertise from renowned academic research teams and mass screening organisation.


Condition Intervention
Colorectal Cancer
Device: COLOHYBRITEST OR VALIHYBRITEST

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Validation of a Non Invasive methylateDNA Test for te Diagnosis of Colorectal Tumour in Asymptomatic Individuals

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the performances (sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios) of a panel of blood and/or faecal molecular DNA markers [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the performances (sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios) of a panel of blood and/or faecal molecular DNA markers


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To estimate the cost and cost-effectiveness of adding DNA molecular tests to FOBT positive patients prior to colonoscopy [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To estimate the cost and cost-effectiveness of adding DNA molecular tests to FOBT positive patients prior to colonoscopy

  • To determine the performances (sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios) of a panel of blood and/or faecal molecular protein markers [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the performances (sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios) of a panel of blood and/or faecal molecular protein markers

  • To create biological collections for screening purposes (asymptomatic subjects) [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To create biological collections for screening purposes (asymptomatic subjects)


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Blood, Serum Urine, Stools Tissues


Enrollment: 502
Study Start Date: September 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
asymptomatic subjects with positive FOBT
individuals having undergone a positive faecal occult blood test (FOBT) and a reference colonoscopy
Device: COLOHYBRITEST OR VALIHYBRITEST
Detection of human colon or rectal tumours by using a simplified molecular test based on either a combination of methylated DNA or protein marker(s) alone or considered together in biological fluids like blood, urine and stools
Other Name: COLOHYBRITEST OR VALIHYBRITEST

Detailed Description:

This study search to validate a test by taking advantage of the biotechnical expertise from renowned academic research teams and mass screening organisation.

In order to reduce the cost of the present study the investigators will select in this preliminary study only those individuals who have a FOBT. However, we'll measure the blood level by using a I-FOBT test to quantify Haemoglobin concentration in stools. Furthermore, we'll use stool DNA to characterize microbiota according to the colonoscopy findings. In addition, the investigators believe it is important to include in the project, the creation of biological blood and urine collections from individuals having undergone both faecal tests and a reference colonoscopy. In the future, these collections will be made available to the national or international scientific community (after consent by the principal investigators) to validate any other molecular and/or protein marker including proteomic analysis by using MSS. The investigators will perform methylated DNA test in either stools or blood and will compare results to those of I-FOBT and colonoscopy.

A simplified molecular test based on a combination of the search for methylation anomalies (one PCR and/or dedicated microarray) a limited number of gene targets involved in colorectal carcinogenesis is available. The investigators will collect stools, urine, and blood in a period of 15 to 2 days prior to colonoscopy. The colonoscopy is performed in 50-74 years old asymptomatic individuals who have presented with a positive FOBT test under mass screening organisation. A final point will be performed 5 years after entry in the trial for all 1000 individuals in order to check occurrence (alternative absence) of any disease during this period and the type of the disease for those individuals who will be shown with normal colonoscopy and to verify evolution of those who will presented with a colon or rectal tumor. Likelihood value of marker in diseases occurring during the survey period will be calculated and prognostic values estimated in those with colon or rectal cancer.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

population of asymptomatic subjects selected by a positive faecal occult blood test (FOBT) to undergo colonoscopy

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Every person (actually limited to the average risk of colorectal cancer in national French program):

  • having been invited to participate in the organised screening for a colorectal tumour during the study period and having a result positive of the FOBTt
  • having given his consent to participate in the study. Patients will be given an information notice at the start of the campaign informing them that participation in this part of the study is optional, to prevent uselessly encumbering the screening campaign operation. Written consent will be obtained before the colonoscopy by the GE for this part of the study
  • going to a laboratory to hand over samples of stools, urine and blood prior to the colonoscopy
  • being affiliated to social security

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Those refusing the colonoscopy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01270360

Locations
France
Henri Mondor Hospital
Creteil, France, 94010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Iradj Sobhani, MD, PhD Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01270360     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AOM 09268
Study First Received: December 28, 2010
Last Updated: October 7, 2014
Health Authority: France: French Data Protection Authority

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Diseases
Intestinal Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Rectal Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014