RO4929097 in Treating Patients With Recurrent Invasive Gliomas

This study has been terminated.
(Administratively complete.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01269411
First received: December 31, 2010
Last updated: February 6, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of RO4929097 in treating patients with recurrent invasive gliomas. RO4929097 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth


Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma
Adult Brain Stem Glioma
Adult Giant Cell Glioblastoma
Adult Glioblastoma
Adult Gliosarcoma
Adult Mixed Glioma
Recurrent Adult Brain Tumor
Drug: gamma-secretase/Notch signalling pathway inhibitor RO4929097
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Other: pharmacological study
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Pharmacodynamic and "High Content" Study of the Gamma-Secretase Inhibitor RO4929097 in Patients With Recurrent Malignant Gliomas (MGs) Targeting p75NTR to Inhibit Brain Tumor Initiating Cells (BTICs) and Recurrent Invasive Gliomas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) defined as the dose level in which less than or equal to 1 out of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity (DLT) assessed using NCI CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 21 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of RO4909297 [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival following treatment with R04929097 [ Time Frame: From registration to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Kaplan-Meier method will be used.

  • Inhibition of p75NTR cleavage and processing [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive statistics, such as the mean, median and range, will be used to summarize the marker across patients. The Wilcoxon signed-rank and rank sum tests will be used.

  • Establishment and growth of BTIC cultures in neurosphere growth conditions, effects on proliferation, ability to self-renewal, and ability to differentiate along lineage-specific pathways [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive statistics, such as the mean, median and range, will be used to summarize the marker across patients. The Wilcoxon signed-rank and rank sum tests will be used.

  • Inhibition of Notch signaling, by assessing downstream target activation [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive statistics, such as the mean, median and range, will be used to summarize the marker across patients. The Wilcoxon signed-rank and rank sum tests will be used.


Enrollment: 22
Study Start Date: July 2011
Primary Completion Date: February 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (RO4929097 and surgery)

PART A: Patients receive oral RO4929097 once daily on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PART B: Patients receive oral RO4929097 once daily on days 1-7 and undergo surgery on day 8. Beginning 28 days later, patients receive oral RO4929097 once daily on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: gamma-secretase/Notch signalling pathway inhibitor RO4929097
Given orally
Other Names:
  • R4733
  • RO4929097
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo surgery
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine, in patients with recurrent MGs (many of whom receive dexamethasone, a moderate CYP3A4 inducer), the safety and maximum-tolerated dose of RO4909297 administered at 2 dose levels.

II. Determine the pharmacokinetics, intratumoral drug concentration, target modulation, and evidence of any treatment effect in the malignant glioma tumor tissue by R04929097 administered at the dose found in Part A.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of RO4909297 in patients with recurrent MGs (many of whom receive dexamethasone, a moderate CYP3A4 inducer).

II. Determine the progression-free survival of patients with recurrent malignant glioma following treatment with R04929097.

III. Determine if the RPTD dose of RO4929097 significantly inhibits p75^NTR cleavage and processing.

IV. Determine the effects of RO4929097 on the establishment and growth of BTIC cultures in neurosphere growth conditions, effects on proliferation, ability to self-renewal, and ability to differentiate along lineage-specific pathways.

V. Determine the ability of RO4929097 to inhibit Notch signaling, by assessing downstream target activation, in glioma tissue of patients with recurrent MG.

VI. Determine the association between a number of serum, tumor, and BTIC markers and response to R04929097.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation (part A) study followed by an open-label (part B) study.

PART A: Patients receive oral RO4929097 once daily on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PART B: Patients receive oral RO4929097 once daily on days 1-7 and undergo surgery on day 8. Beginning 28 days later, patients receive oral RO4929097 once daily on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Post resection tumor specimens are collected for correlative studies, including pharmacokinetic and biomarker assays.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 3 month for up to 6-12 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have radiographic progression of a histologically confirmed glioblastoma, high-grade astrocytoma, NOS, anaplastic mixed oligo-astrocytoma, or anaplastic oligodendroglioma

    • In patients that present radiographic evidence of progression after concurrent treatment with radiation and low-dose temozolomide, diagnosis of progression should be made after at least 2 cycles of monthly temozolomide in order to rule out pseudoprogression
    • Secondary MGs (evolving from a prior low-grade glioma) can be included as long as they are considered malignant in the latest resection
  • Patients must have at least one enhancing lesion that can be accurately measured as > 1 X 1 cm on a MRI
  • Prior treatment must include radiotherapy (with or without temozolomide)

    • No limit to the number of prior recurrences or surgeries
  • For Part B only, surgical resection should be considered a reasonable therapeutic option for a patient that can tolerate surgical resection

    • Patients with multifocal disease can be included as long as resection is considered a reasonable option to manage the nodule that is progressing
    • There must be sufficient tissue available (minimum from a 1 X 1 cm lesion) for a biopsy to be taken during surgery
  • There must be sufficient tissue available for evaluation of p75^NTR status from a prior surgery (using immunohistochemistry on fixed tissue or, in uncommon cases in which frozen tissue is available from a prior surgery, western blot) (part B)
  • ECOG performance status < 2 (Karnofsky > 50%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 4 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets > 100,000/mcL
  • Hemoglobin > 90 g/L (or > 9 g/dL)
  • Total bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dL
  • BUN < 25 mg/dL
  • AST/ALT < 3 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine within institutional normal limits OR creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min
  • No major medical illnesses or psychiatric impairments that, in the investigator's opinion, would prevent administration or completion of protocol therapy
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative serum pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use two forms of contraception (i.e., barrier contraception and one other method of contraception) at least 4 weeks prior to study entry, during, and for 12 months after completion of study therapy
  • Able to swallow pills
  • Patients with a history of seizures need to have had no generalized seizures in the last month prior to entering the study
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to RO4929097
  • No malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with intestinal absorption
  • Patients who are serologically positive for hepatitis A, B, or C, and have a resulting positive serological test, or have a history of liver disease, other forms of hepatitis, or cirrhosis are ineligible
  • No uncontrolled hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, or hypokalemia (within 7 days prior to study treatment), despite adequate electrolyte supplementation
  • No uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia other than chronic, stable atrial fibrillation, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
  • Baseline QTc ≤ 450 msec (male) or QTc ≤ 470 msec (female)
  • No history of risk factors for QT interval prolongation, including, but not limited to, family or personal history of long QT syndrome, recurrent syncope without known etiology, or sudden unexpected death
  • No history of torsades de pointes or other significant cardiac arrhythmias or the need for concomitant meds with known potential to prolong QT interval or antiarrhythmics
  • Use of food that may interfere with the metabolism of RO4929097 is prohibited, including grapefruit or grapefruit juice
  • Patients must have recovered from the effects of any prior treatment (systemic chemotherapy/radiotherapy) or surgery (<CTCAE grade 2 toxicities related to prior therapy)
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy, surgery, or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study are not eligible
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients cannot be receiving enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAEDs)

    • If previously treated with EIAEDs, patients must have been switched to non-EIAEDs 4 weeks prior to starting RO4929097
    • Enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs) include: carbamazepine (Tegretol); oxcarbazepine (Trileptal); phenobarbital (or derivatives); phenytoin (Dilantin)
    • 3.1.10.2 Non enzyme-inducing Antiepileptic Drugs (Non-EIAEDs) include: clobazam (Frisium); clonazepam (Rivotril); gabapentin (Neurontin); levetiracetam (Keppra); lamotrigine (Lamictal); topiramate (Topamax)
  • No concurrent medications that are strong inducers/inhibitors or substrates of CYP3A4

    • Even though dexamethasone is a moderate inducer of CYP3A4, patients may remain on dexamethasone at the lowest dose possible
  • Stable or decreasing steroid dose within 5 days prior to registration required
  • No medications with narrow therapeutic indices that are metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP450), including warfarin sodium (Coumadin®)
  • No other investigational or commercial agents or therapies may be administered with the intent to treat the patient's malignancy
  • No re-irradiation (any technique) is allowed
  • If a patient elects to have a new resection of his/her tumor in the absence of progression of the disease, treatment will be discontinued and no re-challenge will be allowed after this additional surgery
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01269411

Locations
Canada, Ontario
University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Peter Forsyth University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01269411     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02565, PHL-075, N01CM00032, CDR0000691784
Study First Received: December 31, 2010
Last Updated: February 6, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Glioblastoma
Glioma
Gliosarcoma
Oligodendroglioma
Astrocytoma
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014