Effects of a Patient Directed Web-portal to Improve Health Literacy Skills (PREP)
Access to the best available evidence, and the ability to obtain and understand such information is seen as necessary to protect the public's interests and critical to empowerment, but is also a precondition for participation in the decision making.
A web portal serving as a generic (non disease- specific) tailored tool was developed in the conceptual framework of shared decision making and evidence based practice to improve the lay- public's critical and social literacy skills and activation. A randomized controlled parallel trial using a simple randomization procedure will be conducted, including 200 parents of children <4 with internet access. Parents will be allocated to receive either the portal or no intervention. Primary and secondary outcomes include: the ability to find research based information, critical appraisal skills, perceived behavioural control, attitudes and perceived pressure associated with searching for information, and participation.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Effects of a Patient Directed Web-portal to Improve Health Literacy Skills|
- Changes in predictors of search and use of health information [ Time Frame: Week 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Based on the theory of planned behavioral manual a questionnaire has been developed and validated in order to explore what predictors (efficacy, attitudes and perceived pressure) to search and use of health infomration.
- The ability to find reliable answers to a health question [ Time Frame: Week 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Participants will be asked to formulate a (health) question and to find information that can answer this question. The participants will be asked to copy and paste the internet link to the information they found.The outcome will be evaluated pragmatically by categorizing the information as based on: 1. research or 2. expert advice/ other. The information will be categorized blindly by two independent researchers. The direction of effect is expected to be positive, in that more participants will find research based information than those in the control group.
- Critical appraisal of health information [ Time Frame: Week 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Participants will be asked to rate a piece of health information about childhood vaccination using DISCERNs item number 16. DISCERN is an instrument designed to judge the quality of written information about treatment choices. The mean value rating of the information will be measured against a "standard" rating made by experts on the same information. The direction of effect is predicted to be positive, in that the mean overall score of the intervention group will be closer to the standard than the control group.
- Participation (activation) [ Time Frame: Week 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The patient activation measure (PAM) has been developed to measure activation. The instrument includes 4 domains; believing the patient role is important, having confidence and knowledge necessary to taking action, actually taking action to improve one's health, and staying the course under stress.
- Satisfaction with portal [ Time Frame: Week 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]We will also ask participants to comment on satisfaction with the portal after the other data collection has been submitted. This will be done based on the Honeycomb criteria which were also used in the qualitative evaluation. The honeycomb model is a well-renowned and much used instrument to measure user experience
|Study Start Date:||March 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Portal arm||
The portal was tailored to improve the lay public's' "healthy skepticism", or in other words, critical and social literacy skills to assist patients in the decision-making process and for improving access to health information and participation. Illustrated by typical examples which can be found in the news and through patient stories, the portal provides an introduction to research methods, the underlying principles of science and critical assessment tools appropriate for a lay public.
|No Intervention: Treatment as usual||
Behavioral: Treatment as usual
The control group will be asked to respond to the same exercises and questionnaires as the experimental group but must use the resources that they would normally use such as general search engines.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01266798
|Oslo University College, Faculty of Nursing|
|Oslo, Norway, 0130|
|Study Director:||Sølvi Helseth, Professor||Oslo University College|
|Study Director:||Arild Bjørndal, Professor||Oslo university|
|Principal Investigator:||Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, MA||Oslo University College|