Measurement of the Quality of Pediatric CPR (PediQ-CPR)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Laerdal Medical
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01265316
First received: December 21, 2010
Last updated: February 5, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

Outcomes for pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are suboptimal. CPR quality is directly related to resuscitation outcome, yet numerous deficiencies in CPR quality have been documented in adult studies. While similar deficiencies can be expected in pediatric resuscitation attempts, there is little to no data evaluating the existing quality of CPR performed during resuscitation attempts. Therefore, the objective of this study is to quantitatively evaluate existing CPR quality using a Q-CPR compression sensor manufactured by Philips Medical Systems with technology from Laerdal Medical.


Condition Intervention
Cardiac Arrest
Device: There is no intervention for this study.

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Pediatric CPR Quality: Quantitative Measurement of Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Quality During In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the existing quality of CPR performed during the resuscitation of children 1year to less than 8 years of age. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the chest wall stiffness of children in order to improve quantitative CPR modeling efforts and to facilitate the construction of more biofidelic pediatric manikins for CPR simulation and test dummies for automotive safety. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 4
Study Start Date: October 2010
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Device: There is no intervention for this study.
    There is no intervention for this study. The pre-NSR IDE for this study is simply a modification to allow for recording of data without intervention.
Detailed Description:

In the event of a cardiac arrest in the pediatric intensive care unit, a 24 hour paging system will notify the Cardiac Arrest Research Team to facilitate data collection. This system has been active as part of The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) Institutional Review Board (IRB) Protocol No. 2006-6-4839, and has resulted in capture of more than 95% of eligible events.

Cardiac arrest events requiring chest compressions in the PICU (pediatric intensive care unit) involving children greater than or equal to 1 year of age, but less than 8 years of age and who were previously screened, identified, and who have provided written consent are eligible for study. CPR quality will be recorded with the modified Heartstart MRx with Q-CPR Option, an external defibrillator with a chest compression sensor interposed between the hands of the rescuer providing chest compressions and the sternum of the patient. The device to be used is a regular Heartstart MRx with Quality of CPR (Q-CPR) Option cleared under 510(k) Premarket notification - K051134, but which has been modified for this study. In its current version, Q-CPR Option is approved for patients ≥ 8 years of age and has been utilized in the CHOP Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) under CHOP IRB Protocol No. 2006-6-4839. This Q-CPR Option on the Heartstart MRx has been modified for this study to accommodate children 1 year to less than 8 years of age. Since the device has been modified for use in this study, the device is an Investigational Device during this study regulated by the IDE regulation (CFR 21 Part 812). FDA has determined through a pre-investigational device exemption (IDE) process (I090674) that the use of the Heartstart MRx with the modified Q-CPR Option in a non-significant risk (NSR) device study. Two primary modifications were done on the Q-CPR Option: 1) changing the size of the compressions sensor footprint that interfaces with the patient's chest and 2) disabling the audiovisual Q-CPR feedback. Specifically the contact area of the compression sensor has been reduced to better mimic the area of the heel of a hand - the current recommended interface between the CPR administrator and the patient's chest during usual CPR / resuscitative care. Furthermore, no audiovisual feedback will be provided for this patient group as absolute measurement-based CPR quality targets do not exist for this age group. The device records CPR parameters (depth and rate of chest compressions), as well as electrocardiographic (ECG) data, and defibrillation shock data (if used). The pad relays this information to a recording component on the defibrillator which stores such data onto an internal data card. Once the cardiac arrest is completed, the MRx data can be exported to an external data card and downloaded to a secure laptop.

The investigator will use the Study Data Collection Form I in the Appendix to collect additional information immediately after resuscitation event has concluded. The patient's medical record will also be accessed and data will be collected as specified in the Medical Record Data Collection Form II. In addition to medical information, data collected will also include the post arrest chest depth in centimeters (cm) of the patient, chest circumference (cm) and details of the mattress and bed on which the child was resuscitated. Phase 2 procedures will be identical to those employed as per CHOP IRB Protocol No. 2006-6-4839.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 7 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

Cardiac arrests (chest compression events) occurring in the pediatric intensive care unit having consented for enrollment in the study.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Cardiac Arrest Inclusion Criteria

  1. Cardiac arrests (chest compression events) occurring in the pediatric intensive care unit
  2. Arrest patient age 1 year to less than 8 years
  3. Subject pre-screened by a member of the Cardiac Arrest Research Team for safe use of the modified MRx/Quality of CPR (Q-CPR)
  4. The modified MRx/Quality of CPR (Q-CPR) Compressions Sensor deployed

    Clinical Staff Inclusion Criteria

  5. All clinical staff who participate in enrolled resuscitation events and who provided chest compressions

Exclusion Criteria:

Cardiac Arrest Exclusion Criteria

  1. Cardiac arrests for patients classified as do not attempt resuscitation (DNAR)
  2. Patient condition or size resulting in attending physician or physician fellow designee deciding not to deploy the modified MRx/Quality of CPR (Q-CPR) chest compression sensor (e.g., recent sternotomy)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01265316

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Laerdal Medical
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Vinay Nadkarni, MD, MS Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01265316     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10-007676
Study First Received: December 21, 2010
Last Updated: February 5, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia:
Cardiac arrest, CPR, pediatric

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Arrest
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 27, 2014