A Phase I/II Trial of Crolibulin (EPC2407) Plus Cisplatin in Adults With Solid Tumors With a Focus on Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer (ATC)
Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most aggressive of all solid tumors; chemotherapy and surgery have had no impact on local control or survival of patients, with a median survival of 3 7 months.
Crolibulin (EPC2407) is a microtubulin inhibitor that has been shown to have direct antitumor effects in vivo and in vitro, destabilizing spindles and inducing apoptosis, resulting in the disruption of neovascular endothelial cells with disruption of blood flow to the tumor. Early clinical studies with combretastatin, from which crolibulin is derived, demonstrated efficacy in a subset of patients with ATC.
The primary objective in the Phase I portion is to assess the safety and tolerability of cisplatin and crolibulin given in a 21-day cycle in dose-seeking cohorts.
We will assess the toxicities of crolibulin coadministered with cisplatin, evaluate dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the combination.
The primary objective in the Phase II portion is to compare the combination crolibulin plus cisplatin versus cisplatin alone in adults with ATC by assessing the duration of progression-free survival (PFS); comparison of the response rates as evaluated by RECIST will be an important secondary objective.
We plan on biochemical and immunohistochemical analysis of several tumor parameters including mitotic index, expression of several proteins including EGFR, VEGFR, BRAF, ERCC1 and TP53. Where sufficient tissue is available we will also perform gene expression analysis, microRNA array analysis, and compare these with 3 -deoxy-3 -[(18)F] fluorothymidine (FLT)-positron emission tomography (PET) and tumor growth rate constant.
Phase I: adults age 18 and older with unresectable, recurrent or metastatic solid tumors.
Phase II: adults age 18 and older with anaplastic thyroid cancer.
In the phase II portion disease must be evaluable by RECIST.
All patients must have adequate hepatic, renal, and bone marrow function.
The Phase I component consists of dose-escalation cohorts of three to six patients, in which all patients receive both the study drug crolibulin with cisplatin. The MTD and DLT will be determined based on toxicities during the first three weeks of combined therapy.
The Phase II component will be a randomization study, to either crolibulin with cisplatin or cisplatin monotherapy. Patients randomized to cisplatin alone will have the opportunity the opportunity to cross over to the crolibulin arm in the event of tumor progression.
Drug administration will take place on days 1, 2, and 3 for crolibulin, and on day 1 for cisplatin, on a 21-day cycle.
Maximum number of patients for planned enrollment is 70. During the Phase I portion of the study, dose-seeking cohorts of three to six patients will be enrolled until MTD / DLT is reached for a maximum of three dose cohorts [up to 24 patients if one assumes an expansion cohort to twelve patients at the recommended phase 2 (RP2) dose]. During the randomized Phase II trial comparing the activity of the combination of crolibulin plus cislplatin with cisplatin alone it is estimated that a maximum of 40 patients will be enrolled [1:1 randomization 20 + 20 = 40 patients], and we will allow for 6 extra patients to be enrolled to compensate for a small number of non-evaluable patients.
Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer
Drug: Cisplatin and Crolibulin
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase I/II Trial of Crolibulin (EPC2407) Plus Cisplatin in Adults With Solid Tumors With a Focus on Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer (ATC)|
- Dose limiting toxicity
- Progression free survival
|Study Start Date:||November 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Drug: Cisplatin and Crolibulin
|Contact: Candice M Cottle-Delisle, R.N.||(301) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Ann W Gramza, M.D.||(301) email@example.com|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office (888) NCI-1937|
|Principal Investigator:||Ann W Gramza, M.D.||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|