An Early Phase I Study of IPdR Absorption, Metabolism, and Safety in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors and Lymphomas

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01240577
First received: November 11, 2010
Last updated: October 10, 2014
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

Background:

- The experimental drug IPdR is broken down in the body to IdUrd, which has been given to patients to find out if it can improve radiation therapy. IdUrd has to be given through a vein; therefore this new drug (IPdR) has been made which can be taken by mouth. Researchers are interested in determining whether IPdR should also be studied to find out if it can improve radiation therapy. The current study is to find out if people absorb the drug given by mouth.

Objectives:

- To evaluate the levels of drug and its breakdown products in the blood following a single dose of IPdR by mouth. .

Eligibility:

- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have been diagnosed with cancer (solid tumors or lymphomas) that have not responded to standard treatment.

Design:

  • This study involves an initial dosing visit, one day of admission to the hospital for blood work, and a follow-up visit 14 days later.
  • Participants will be screened with a physical examination and medical history, as well as blood and urine samples.
  • Participants will receive a single dose of IPdR, and will provide multiple blood and urine samples for 24 hours after administration of the drug.
  • Fourteen days after receiving IPdR, participants will have another physical examination and additional blood and urine tests to evaluate how IPdR has been broken down by the body.
  • Cancer treatment will not be provided as part of this protocol.

Condition Intervention Phase
Neoplasms
Lymphoma
Drug: IPdR
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Early Phase I Study of IPdR Absorption, Metabolism, and Safety in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors and Lymphomas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • -Measure plasma concentrations of IPdR, IdUrd, and IdUrd metabolites after a single oral dose of IPdR.-Determine the safety of administering a single oral dose of IPdR.

Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: October 2010
Study Completion Date: July 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: IPdR
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Background:

  • The nucleoside analog iododeoxyuridine (IdUrd, NSC 39661) has shown promising activity as a radiosensitizer in preclinical models and has been evaluated in Phase I/II clinical trials. The extent of radiosensitization is directly related to the incorporation of IdUrd into tumor DNA as a replacement for thymidine.
  • IPdR (NSC 726188) is an orally administered prodrug of IdUrd with a better therapeutic index in preclinical models.
  • This first in human study of IPdR will evaluate whether IPdR is absorbed and what plasma levels of IPdR and its major metabolite, IdUrd, are achieved after a single oral dose.

Objectives:

  • Measure plasma concentrations of IPdR, IdUrd, and IdUrd metabolites after a single oral dose of IPdR
  • Determine the safety of administering a single oral dose of IPdR.

Eligibility:

-Patients must be greater than or equal to 18 years of age and have histologically confirmed solid tumors or lymphoid malignancies refractory to at least one line of standard treatment or for which no standard therapy is available. Patients should have adequate organ function and no disease-associated symptoms requiring immediate therapy or intervention.

Study Design:

  • Patients will receive a single oral dose of IPdR on day 1.
  • The initial IPdR dose will be 150 mg; dose escalation will be in 100% increments to a maximum of 2400 mg. One patient will be accrued to each dose level until we reach the highest dose level. Six patients will be accrued at dose level 5 (2400 mg).
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Patients must have histologically documented (confirmed at the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI) solid tumors or lymphoid malignancies that are refractory to at least one line of standard treatment or for which no standard therapy is available. Patients with lymphoid malignancies may be enrolled if they have disease for which standard therapy is currently not indicated. Patients should not have disease-associated symptoms requiring immediate therapy or intervention.
  • Any prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy must have been completed greater than or equal to 2 weeks prior to enrollment (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C), and the patient must have recovered to eligibility levels from prior toxicity.
  • Age greater than or equal to 18 years. Patients under 18 years of age are excluded because of their inability as a protected population to give appropriate consent to this non-therapeutic study.
  • ECOG performance status less than or equal to 2 (Karnofsky greater than or equal to 60%).
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months.
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1,500/microL
    • platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/microL
    • total bilirubin less than 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 3.0 times ULN
    • creatinine less than 1.5 times ULN

OR:

--creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min for patients with creatinine levels greater than or equal to 1.5 times ULN

  • IPdR is a nucleoside analog and therefore potentially teratogenic. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for 30 days after study drug administration. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to IPdR administration to the mother, nursing mothers should not receive IPdR.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing uncontrolled infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, GI conditions limiting absorption, serious skin conditions, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Women who are pregnant or nursing.

INCLUSION OF WOMEN AND MINORITIES:

-Both men and women and members of all races and ethnic groups are eligible for this trial.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01240577

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Shivaani Kummar, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01240577     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 110026, 11-C-0026
Study First Received: November 11, 2010
Last Updated: October 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
IPdR
Pharmacokinetics
Early Phase I
Cancer
Solid Tumor
Lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014