Now Available for Public Comment: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

Rectal Safety and Acceptability Study of Tenofovir 1% Gel

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
CONRAD
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01232803
First received: November 1, 2010
Last updated: March 19, 2013
Last verified: March 2013
  Purpose

MTN-007 is a Phase 1, randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled safety and acceptability study of vaginally formulated tenofovir 1% gel (a reduced-glycerin formulation), when applied rectally. The primary objective of this study is to assess the safety of vaginally formulated tenofovir 1% gel when applied rectally.

After completing screening and baseline evaluation, eligible participants will be randomized to receive tenofovir 1% gel, 2% nonoxynol-9 gel (N-9) or placebo gel. The study will also include a no treatment arm. There will be 15 participants in each arm.

Participants will return to the clinic, where they will self-administer a single dose of the study gel under observation. Within approximately 30 minutes, lavage, stool, and rectal biopsy specimens will be obtained. After a one-week recovery period, participants will return to the clinic for assessment. If no significant adverse events (AEs) are reported they will begin to self-administer once-daily outpatient doses of the study gel for 7 days. Participants will return to clinic for evaluation and specimen collection after completion of 7 days of daily dosing.


Condition Intervention Phase
Rectal Microbicides
Drug: Tenofovir 1% gel
Drug: 2% N-9 gel
Drug: HEC Placebo gel
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Official Title: A Phase 1 Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Rectal Safety and Acceptability Study of Tenofovir 1% Gel

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by CONRAD:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the safety of tenofovir 1% gel when applied rectally [ Time Frame: Duration of Study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Grade 2 or higher AEs as defined by the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 1.0, December 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009) and/or Addenda 1 and 3 (Female Genital and Rectal Grading Tables for Use in Microbicide Studies)


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the acceptability of tenofovir 1% gel when applied rectally [ Time Frame: Duration of Study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The proportion of participants who at their Final Clinic Visit report via the acceptability questionnaire that they would be very likely to use the candidate microbicide during receptive anal intercourse

  • To evaluate the safety of the placebo gel when applied rectally [ Time Frame: Duration of Study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Grade 2 or higher adverse events in the placebo gel arm, as defined by the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 1.0, December 2004 (Clarification dated August MTN-007, Version 2.0 xii August 13, 2010 2009) and/or Addenda 1 and 3 (Female Genital and Rectal Grading Tables for Use in Microbicide Studies)

  • To determine whether use of tenofovir 1% gel is associated with rectal mucosal damage [ Time Frame: Duration of Study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Changes in the following parameters:

    • Epithelial sloughing
    • Intestinal histopathology
    • Intestinal mucosal mononuclear cell phenotype
    • Intestinal mucosal cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA)
    • Intestinal mucosal gene expression arrays
    • Cytokine profile in rectal secretions
    • Fecal calprotectin
    • Microflora

  • To determine whether use of 2% nonoxynol-9 gel (Gynol-II®) is associated with rectal mucosal damage [ Time Frame: Duration of Study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Changes in the following parameters:

    • Epithelial sloughing
    • Intestinal histopathology
    • Intestinal mucosal mononuclear cell phenotype
    • Intestinal mucosal cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA)
    • Intestinal mucosal gene expression arrays
    • Cytokine profile in rectal secretions
    • Fecal calprotectin
    • Microflora


Enrollment: 65
Study Start Date: October 2010
Study Completion Date: July 2011
Primary Completion Date: July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 2% N-9 gel
Rectal application of 2% N-9 gel
Drug: 2% N-9 gel
Entire contents of an applicator will be inserted rectally, for a total of 8 doses.
Placebo Comparator: HEC placebo gel
Rectal application of HEC placebo gel
Drug: HEC Placebo gel
Entire contents of an applicator will be inserted rectally, for a total of 8 doses.
No Intervention: no-treatment arm
no intervention
Experimental: Tenofovir 1% gel
rectal application of Tenofovir 1% gel
Drug: Tenofovir 1% gel
Entire contents of an applicator will be inserted rectally, for a total of 8 doses.

Detailed Description:

MTN-007 is a Phase 1, randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled safety and acceptability study of vaginally formulated tenofovir 1% gel (a reduced-glycerin formulation), when applied rectally. The primary objective of this study is to assess the safety of vaginally formulated tenofovir 1% gel when applied rectally. This study will also determine whether rectal use of tenofovir 1% gel is associated with rectal mucosal damage using a broad range of immunological safety biomarkers, utilizing N-9 as a positive control, as rectal application of N-9 is known to cause mild but transient mucosal damage. Other secondary objectives include evaluations of the acceptability of rectal administration of tenofovir 1% gel as well as the safety of HEC placebo gel when applied rectally.

Participants will be randomized to receive a single dose of tenofovir 1% gel, 2% N-9 gel or a placebo gel that is applied by a clinician at the study site. The study will also include a no treatment arm. There will be 15 participants in each arm. Participants will return to the clinic, where they will self-administer a single dose of the study gel under observation. Within approximately 30 minutes, lavage, stool, and rectal biopsy specimens will be obtained. After a one-week recovery period, participants will return to the clinic for assessment. If no significant adverse events (AEs) are reported they will begin to self-administer once-daily outpatient doses of the study gel for 7 days. Participants will return to the clinic for evaluation and specimen collection after completion of 7 days of daily dosing.

Receptive anal intercourse is common among men who have sex with men and there is increasing evidence that heterosexual women in the developed and developing world also practice anal sex. It can therefore be anticipated that once vaginal microbicides are licensed, they will be used in both the vaginal and rectal compartments. As a consequence, there is a need to evaluate both the rectal and vaginal safety profile of candidate microbicides. The Rectal Microbicide Program clinical protocols have therefore been developed to assess the safety and pharmacology of tenofovir 1% gel when used rectally in men and women as well as address critical questions regarding rectal microbicides through exploratory objectives.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. ≥ Age of 18 at screening, verified per site SOP
  2. Willing and able to provide written informed consent for screening and enrollment
  3. HIV-1 uninfected at screening
  4. Willing and able to communicate in English
  5. Willing and able to provide adequate locator information, as defined in site SOP
  6. Availability to return for all study visits, barring unforeseen circumstances
  7. Per participant report at screening, a history of consensual RAI at least once in the prior year (Required to assure that participants have a context for the acceptability assessments).
  8. Willing to abstain from insertion of anything rectally, including sex toys, other than the study gel for the duration of study participation
  9. Willing to abstain from RAI for the duration of study participation
  10. Must agree to use study provided condoms for the duration of the study for vaginal and insertive anal intercourse
  11. Must be in general good health
  12. At Screening and Enrollment, must agree not to participate in other research studies involving drugs, medical devices, or genital products for the duration of study participation (until all follow-up visits are completed) In addition to the criteria listed above, female participants must meet the following criteria:
  13. Postmenopausal or using (or willing to use) an acceptable form of contraception (e.g., barrier method, IUD, hormonal contraception, surgical sterilization, or vasectomization of male partner). If the female participant has female partners only, the method of contraception will be noted as a barrier method in the study documentation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Abnormalities of the colorectal mucosa, or significant colorectal symptom(s), which in the opinion of the clinician represents a contraindication to biopsy (including but not limited to presence of any unresolved injury, infectious or inflammatory condition
  2. At screening: participant-reported symptoms, and/or clinical or laboratory diagnosis of active rectal or reproductive tract infection requiring treatment per current CDC guidelines or symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI). Infections requiring treatment include symptomatic bacterial vaginosis, symptomatic vaginal candidiasis, other vaginitis, trichomoniasis, Chlamydia (CT), gonorrhea (GC), syphilis, active HSV lesions, chancroid, pelvic inflammatory disease, genital sores or ulcers, cervicitis, or symptomatic genital warts requiring treatment. Note that an HSV-1 or HSV-2 seropositive diagnosis with no active lesions is allowed, since treatment is not required Note: In cases of non-anorectal GC/CT identified at screening, one re-screening 2 months after screening visit will be allowed
  3. Anorectal STI within six months prior to the Screening Visit
  4. At screening:

    Positive for hepatitis B surface antigen Hemoglobin < 10.0 g/dL Platelet count less than 100,000/mm3 White blood cell count < 2,000 cells/mm3 or > 15,000 cells/mm3 For females: calculated creatinine clearance less than 60 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula where creatinine clearance in mL/min (140- age in years) x (weight in kg) x (0.85 for female)/72 x (serum creatinine in mg/dL) For males: calculated creatinine clearance less than 60 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula where creatinine clearance in mL/min = (140 - age in years) x (weight in kg) x (1 for male)/72 x (serum creatinine in mg/dL) Serum creatinine > 1.3× the site laboratory upper limit of normal (ULN) Alanine transaminase (ALT) and/or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2.5× the site laboratory ULN

    +1 glucose or +1 protein on urinalysis (UA) History of bleeding problems

  5. History of significant gastrointestinal bleeding in the opinion of the investigator
  6. Allergy to methylparaben, propylparaben, sorbic acid, and components of N-9
  7. Known HIV-infected partners
  8. By participant report at enrollment, history of excessive daily alcohol use (as defined by the CDC as heavy drinking consisting of an average consumption of more than 2 drinks per day for men, and more than 1 drink per day for women), frequent binge drinking or illicit drug use that includes any injection drugs, methamphetamines (crystal meth), heroin, or cocaine including crack cocaine, within the past 12 months
  9. Per participant report at screening, anticipated use and/or unwillingness to abstain from the following medications during the period of study participation: Heparin, including Lovenox® Warfarin Plavix® (clopidogrel bisulfate) Rectally administered medications (including over-the-counter products) Aspirin Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) Any other drugs that are associated with increased likelihood of bleeding following mucosal biopsy
  10. By participant report at screening, use of post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV exposure, systemic immunomodulatory medications, rectally administered medications, rectally administered products (including condoms) containing N-9, or any investigational products within the 4 weeks prior to the Enrollment/Baseline Evaluation Visit and throughout study participation
  11. History of recurrent urticaria
  12. Any other condition or prior therapy that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude informed consent, make study participation unsafe, make the individual unsuitable for the study or unable to comply with the study requirements. Such conditions may include, but are not limited to, current or recent history of severe, progressive, or uncontrolled substance abuse, or renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, neurological, or cerebral disease In addition to the criteria listed above, female participants will be excluded if they meet any of the following criteria:
  13. Pregnant at the Enrollment/Baseline Visit
  14. Breastfeeding at screening or intend to breastfeed during study participation per participant report.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01232803

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Massachusetts
The Fenway Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
CONRAD
  More Information

No publications provided by CONRAD

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: CONRAD
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01232803     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MTN-007, 5-U01-AI068633-05
Study First Received: November 1, 2010
Last Updated: March 19, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by CONRAD:
Rectal Microbicides
Tenofovir
Rectal use
Rectal mucosal damage

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tenofovir
Tenofovir disoproxil
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014