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Low-Cost Molecular Cervical Cancer Screening Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01231945
First received: October 29, 2010
Last updated: December 22, 2010
Last verified: December 2010
  Purpose

Background:

- Low-cost molecular human papillomavirus (HPV) testing may offer a more robust alternative to Pap smears and visual inspection for cervical cancer screening of underserved women. Two low-cost molecular tests for human HPV, the HPV E6 Test and the careHPV test, have been developed to detect cervical cancer by testing for HPV DNA. These tests take between 2 and 3 hours to run and may provide point-of-care (diagnostic testing at or near the site of patient care) testing for HPV. Researchers are interested in evaluating both tests to determine the best strategy for HPV testing of women who live in rural or underserved areas that have a high prevalence of cervical cancer diagnoses.

Objectives:

  • To evaluate the clinical performance of the HPV E6 Test and careHPV in detecting cervical cancer and precancerous lesions.
  • To evaluate the best low-cost test or combination of tests for women who have been referred for cervical cancer screening or treatment.
  • To compare the clinical performance of self-collected specimens versus clinician-collected specimens in detecting cervical cancer and precancerous lesions.

Eligibility:

- Women between 25 and 65 years of age who live in rural China.

Design:

  • This study involves an initial testing visit and a 1-year followup visit for a high-risk subgroup.
  • Participants will have the HPV E6 test, careHPV, and a visual inspection test for cervical cancer. For comparison, participants will also have the standard HPV test approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
  • Participants who test positive for HPV on any of the above tests will also have colposcopy to collect samples of cervical tissue for further study.
  • A random sample of women who test negative for HPV will also have colposcopy. Participants may also have biopsies if there is visual evidence of cervical abnormalities.
  • At the 1-year followup visit, participants in the high-risk subgroup will have the same tests as in the previous visit..

Condition
DNA Probes
E6 Protein
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
HPV

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Low-Cost Molecular Cervical Cancer Screening Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 7500
Study Start Date: October 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2010
Detailed Description:

Low-cost, molecular human papillomavirus (HPV) testing may offer a more robust alternative to Pap smears and visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) for cervical cancer screening of underserved women. Two low-cost molecular tests for human papillomavirus (HPV) have been developed: 1) AVantage HPV E6 Test (Arbor Vita Corporation, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) ( HPV E6 Test ) detects E6 oncoproteins from HPV16, 18, and 45 and 2) careHPV (Qiagen, Gaithersburg, MD, USA) detects the DNA for a pool of 14 carcinogenic HPV genotypes. The HPV E6 Test will be ready for the first clinical evaluations in 2010. The HPV E6 Test works like an ELISA in strip format such that it takes less than two hours to run and may provide point-of-care (diagnostic testing at or near the site of patient care) testing. careHPV, a batch HPV DNA test that takes 2.5 hours to perform, has already been developed and is currently being used in demonstration projects. The results to date for careHPV are promising. As our primary objective, we wish to evaluate both tests, and to evaluate the best low-cost triage strategies for careHPV-positive results in areas of high prevalence of carcinogenic HPV DNA. A study of 7,500 women, ages 25-65 years, identified from an age- and region-stratified sample of women living in rural China will be conducted. All women will be screened at enrollment, and a high-risk subgroup at the one-year follow-up, by the following tests: HPV E6 Test, careHPV, and visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA). Women will also be screened at enrollment, and a high-risk subgroup at the one-year follow-up, using the digene HC2 HPV DNA Test TM ( HC2 ) (formerly known as Hybrid Capture 2)(Qiagen), the first U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved HPV test and the gold standard for clinical HPV testing. At both time points, all screen-positive women will be evaluated by colposcopy using a rigorous diagnostic protocol. A random sample of screen negatives will undergo colposcopy but will only undergo biopsies if there is visual evidence of cervical epithelial abnormalities. careHPV-positive specimens will be tested for most carcinogenic HPV genotypes, HPV16, HPV18, and HPV45 using careHPV16/18/45. This triage test utilizes the same test platform as careHPV but screens only for those 3 carcinogenic HPV genotypes. The primary goals are 1) to evaluate the clinical performance of careHPV, the HPV E6 Test, and VIA for detection of cervical precancer and cancer and 2) to determine the positive predictive values of VIA, the HPV E6 Test, and HPV16/18/45 detection by careHPV16/18/45 for cervical precancer and cancer among careHPV-positive women.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. have not been previously diagnosed with cervical cancer
    2. have a cervix
    3. are not pregnant
    4. are physically able to undergo routine cervical cancer screening 5) are able to provide informed consent
  • We will not exclude women if they have had previous cervical cancer screening because we assume that even if a few women have been screened for cervical cancer, the quality of cytology screening was very poor.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

1) are not married AND report never having had sexual intercourse 2) have had a total hysterectomy

3) have a history of cervical cancer

4) are physically or mentally unable to undergo routine cervical cancer screening or unable to provide informed consent.

5) are pregnant or have been pregnant in the last month

-Women who are currently menstruating at the time of enrollment will be deferred from participating, and will become eligible to participate 7-14 days after menstruation has ended. The menstruating women will be advised to return for the screening 7 to 14 days after their menstrual period has concluded.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01231945

Locations
United States, Washington
PATH
Seattle, Washington, United States
China, Beijing
CICAMS
Beijing, Beijing, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01231945     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999911015, 11-C-N015
Study First Received: October 29, 2010
Last Updated: December 22, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Cervical Cancer
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urogenital Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Uterine Neoplasms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014