Randomized Phase II Study of AZD6244 (Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Inhibitor) MEK-Inhibitor With Erlotinib in KRAS Wild Type Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) and a Randomized Phase II Study of AZD6244 With Erlotinib in Mutant KRAS Adva...
AZD6244 is an investigational anticancer drug that is designed to block a critical component (MEK) of a pathway (MAP kinase pathway) that causes some lung cancer cells to grow. The MAP kinase pathway could be overactive in a proportion of lung cancers, including some which also have another mutation in a protein known as KRAS. Approximately 20% of lung cancers have KRAS mutations which can make some cancer treatments-including erlotinib, a standard anticancer treatment drug-less effective. Researchers are interested in determining whether AZD6244 is effective in treating advanced NSCLC, including KRAS mutated lung cancer that has not responded to standard therapy.
To determine the effectiveness of AZD6244, either alone or in combination with erlotinib, in preventing tumor growth in individuals with NSCLC.
Individuals at least 18 years of age who have been diagnosed with advanced NSCLC that has not responded to standard therapy.
- Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical examination, blood tests, imaging studies, and potentially, tumor biopsy tests to determine whether a participant's NSCLC contains mutations in the KRAS protein.
- Participants will be divided into two groups based on the status of the KRAS protein in their NSCLC tumor cells:
- Individuals with normal KRAS protein: Half will receive AZD6244 and erlotinib, and half will receive only erlotinib.
- Individuals with mutated KRAS protein: Half will receive AZD6244 and erlotinib, and half will receive only AZD6244.
- Participants will take their assigned medications daily (on an empty stomach in the morning and/or evening, depending on the treatment) for 28-day cycles of treatment. Participants will also keep a medication diary to record any side effects.
- Participants will have frequent blood tests during the first cycle of treatment, and will have imaging studies or other tests as required by the study researchers. Participants may also have an additional tumor biopsy after the end of the first treatment cycle.
- Treatment will continue until the disease progresses, significant side effects develop, the participant chooses to leave the study, or the researchers end the study....
Non Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Drug: AZD6244 + Erlotinib
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Randomized Phase II Study of AZD6244 MEK-Inhibitor With Erlotinib in KRAS Wild Type and KRAS Mutant Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer|
- 1) Progression free survival using AZD6244 + erlotinib in wild type KRAS advanced NSCLC; and 2) Clinical response rate using AZD6244 monotherapy or AZD6244 + erlotinib combination therapy in KRAS mutant advanced NSCLC
- 1) Clinical response rate and disease control rate in wild type KRAS; 2) Progression free survival and disease control rate in mutated KRAS; 3) Safety profile of combination therapyAZD6244 + erlotinib; and 4) overall survival.
|Study Start Date:||September 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: KRAS Wild Type
erlotinib vs. AZD6244 + erlotinib
75 mg BIDDrug: Erlotinib
150 mg QDDrug: AZD6244 + Erlotinib
150 mg QD/100 mg QD
Active Comparator: KRAS Mutated
AZD6244 + erlotinib vx. AZD6244
75 mg BIDDrug: Erlotinib
150 mg QDDrug: AZD6244 + Erlotinib
150 mg QD/100 mg QD
Lung Cancer is the leading cause of death among both men and women. Of the approximately 172,000 patients that are diagnosed every year with non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the US, 55% present with advanced stage disease. The current treatment for advanced NSCLC is first line chemotherapy with a platinum-based doublet. Second line treatment for recurrent or progressive disease includes treatment with chemotherapy or treatment with an oral EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Several mechanisms of resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been discovered. Presence of KRAS mutations is one of them. AZD6244 is an investigational drug that is orally available and targets the critical kinase (MEK) in the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signal transduction pathway which is activated in NSCLC and is downstream of EGFR.
- Determine the progression free survival (PFS) using the combination of AZD6244 and erlotinib in patients with wild type KRAS advanced NSCLC
- Determine the clinical response rate (PR+CR) either monotherapy AZD6244 or the combination AZD6244 plus erlotinib in patients with mutated KRAS advanced NSCLC
- Evaluate disease control rate (PR+CR+SD) and overall survival in both patient groups.
- Determine a safety profile for use of AZD6244 in combination with erlotinib in patients with advanced NSCLC.
- Measure serological markers to evaluate if these markers are correlated with tumor response.
- Measure changes in a tumor's MIB-1 (Ki-67) rate and pERK levels in response to treatment with AZD6244.
- Patients with pathologically confirmed NSCLC not amenable to potentially curative therapy and having progressed after being treated with at least one prior platinum containing chemotherapy regimen, or having refused cytotoxic chemotherapy.
- Progressive disease should be documented prior to enrollment on the study.
- Patient should not have more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens.
- Measurable disease by RECIST criteria.
- Adequate renal, cardiac, hepatic and hematopoietic functions
- No major surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy within 28 days of enrollment.
- Patients will be stratified on the basis on their KRAS mutational status. Wild-Type KRAS patients will be randomized to receive either single agent erlotinib 150 mg/day or the combination of erlotinib 100 mg/day plus AZD6244 at 150 mg/day. KRAS mutant patients will be randomized to receive AZD6244 monotherapy at a dose of 75 mg twice per day, or the combination AZD6244 at 150 mg/day plus erlotinib 100 mg/day.
- Treatment will continue until disease progression.
- Toxicity will be assessed every cycle by the CTCAE Version 4.0.
- Tumor assessments by RECIST 1.1 criteria will be performed every 2 cycles (one cycle is 28 days).
- Correlative studies including initial tumor mutational analysis and tissue immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies will be done on existing tumor blocks, or re-biopsied tissue prior to enrollment.
- Patients will be evaluated for the potential to undergo repeat tumor biopsy after 1 cycle of therapy. Tumors will be assessed for MIB-1 (Ki-67) and pERK levels by IHC.
- The study will accrue up to 40 patients with wild-type KRAS NSCLC and up to 60 patients with mutated KRAS NSCLC.
|Contact: Corrine M. Keen||(301) email@example.com|
|Contact: Arun Rajan, M.D.||(301) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, California|
|University of California, Davis||Recruiting|
|Davis, California, United States, 95616|
|City of Hope Medical Group||Recruiting|
|South Pasadena, California, United States, 91030|
|United States, Illinois|
|University of Chicago Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office (888) NCI-1937|
|Principal Investigator:||Arun Rajan, M.D.||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|