Study of Retigabine Immediate Release as Adjunctive Therapy to Specified Monotherapy Antiepileptic Treatments in Adults With Partial-Onset Seizures (IR)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01227902
First received: July 16, 2010
Last updated: October 17, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this Phase III study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability and health outcomes of retigabine Immediate Release (IR) as adjunctive therapy to each of the following monotherapy Antiepileptic Drug (AED) treatments: carbamazepine/oxcarbazepine, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, or valproic acid in adult subjects with partial-onset seizures (POS) using a flexible dosing regimen.


Condition Intervention Phase
Epilepsy
Drug: Retigabine IR
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Flexible-Dose Study of Retigabine Immediate Release (IR) as Adjunctive Therapy to Specified Monotherapy Antiepileptic Treatments in Adults With Partial -Onset Seizures

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With a >=50% Reduction in Partial-onset Seizure (POS) Frequency From Baseline [ Time Frame: From Baseline through Week 20 (Day 140)/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of participants experiencing a >=50% reduction from Baseline (BL) in POS frequency during the Treatment Phase (TP) (i.e., Titration Phase and Flexible Dose Evaluation [FDE] Phase) was measured. A POS has its onset in a limited area on one side of the brain. POSs may remain limited or may spread to involve both sides of the brain. For both the Baseline Phase and the TP, seizure frequency was calculated as a 28-day rate using the following formula: 28 x {[(number of countable partial seizures in Phase) + (10 x number of days with innumerable seizures in Phase) + (number of occurrences of status epilepticus in Phase)] / number of applicable days in the Phase}, where all days in the Phase are considered applicable (including days with 0 seizures), except for days on which the participant failed to complete the Seizure Diary. >= 50% reduction from BL is calculated as 100 x (28-day partial seizure rate [PSR] for the TP - 28-day PSR for the BL Phase) / 28-day PSR for the BL Phase.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Reduction or Increase From Baseline in Partial-onset Seizure Frequency [ Time Frame: From Baseline through Week 20 (Day 140)/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants were assessed for the percent change from Baseline in seizure frequency; changes were categorized as Any Decrease (>0 to 25%, 25 to <50%, 50 to 75%, >75 to 100%) or No Change or Any Increase (>25%, 0 to 25%). A partial-onset seizure is a seizure that has its onset in a limited area on one side of the brain. Partial-onset seizures may remain limited or may spread to involve both sides of the brain.

  • Number of Participants With a >=25%, >=75%, or 100% Reduction in Partial-onset Seizure Frequency From Baseline [ Time Frame: From Baseline through Week 20 (Day 140)/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of participants experiencing a >=25%, >=75%, and 100% reduction from Baseline in partial-onset seizure frequency during the Treatment Phase (TP) (i.e., Titration Phase and Flexible Dose Evaluation [FDE] Phase) was measured. A partial-onset seizure is a seizure that has its onset in a limited area on one side of the brain. Partial-onset seizures may remain limited or may spread to involve both sides of the brain.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Partial-onset Seizure Frequency [ Time Frame: From Baseline through Week 20 (Day 140)/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change from Baseline was calculated as the difference in the partial-onset seizure frequency (Treatment Phase minus the Baseline Phase) divided by the Baseline Phase frequency, multiplied by 100. Negative values indicate reductions from Baseline. A partial-onset seizure is a seizure that has its onset in a limited area on one side of the brain. Partial-onset seizures may remain limited or may spread to involve both sides of the brain.

  • Functional Status Diary (FSD): Percent Change From Baseline in Epilepsy-related Worry [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants were asked the following question daily: "How would you rate your epilepsy-related worry over the last 24 hours?" The original possible responses were 0-10, with 0="No worry" and 10="Worst worry imaginable." However, in the summarization, "1" was added to each participant's daily response, changing the possible values to 1-11, so that there would be no possibility of the percent change from Baseline being undefined. Baseline and Treatment Phase averages were calculated for each participant. The denominators for these by-phase averages were the number of non-missing days for each variable and phase. The by-phase averages were used as follows in the calculation of percent change from Baseline for each participant: 100 x Treatment Phase average - Baseline Phase average) / Baseline Phase average. A negative percent change from Baseline indicates a reduction from Baseline.

  • Functional Status Diary (FSD): Percent Change From Baseline in Epilepsy-related Limitation of Ability to do What You Needed to [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants were asked the following question daily: "How would you rate the extent to which epilepsy limited your ability to do what you needed to do over the last 24 hours?" The original possible responses were 0-10, with 0="Not at all limited" and 10="Unable to do anything I needed to." However, in the summarization, "1" was added to each participant's daily response, changing the possible values to 1-11, so that there would be no possibility of the percent change from Baseline being undefined. Baseline and Treatment Phase averages were calculated for each participant. The denominators for these by-phase averages were the number of non-missing days for each variable and phase. The by-phase averages were used as follows in the calculation of percent change from Baseline for each participant: 100 x Treatment Phase average - Baseline Phase average) / Baseline Phase average. A negative percent change from Baseline indicates a reduction from Baseline.

  • Functional Status Diary (FSD): Percent Change From Baseline in Epilepsy-related Limitation of Ability to do What You Wanted to [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants were asked the following question daily: "How would you rate the extent to which epilepsy limited your ability to do what you wanted to do over the last 24 hours?" The original possible responses were 0-10, with 0="Not at all limited" and 10="Unable to do anything I wanted to." However, in the summarization, "1" was added to each participant's daily response, changing the possible values to 1-11, so that there would be no possibility of the percent change from Baseline being undefined. Baseline and Treatment Phase averages were calculated for each participant. The denominators for these by-phase averages were the number of non-missing days for each variable and phase. The by-phase averages were used as follows in the calculation of percent change from Baseline for each participant: 100 x Treatment Phase average - Baseline Phase average) / Baseline Phase average. A negative percent change from Baseline indicates a reduction from Baseline.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Functional Status: Percentage of Days With no Missed Work or School Time [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants were asked the following question daily: "Did you miss any time from work or school in the last 24 hours due to epilepsy?" Possible responses were Yes, No, and NA=Not Applicable (no planned work or school in the last 24 hours). The variable summarized is the percentage of days with no missed work or school. Baseline and Treatment Phase averages were calculated for each participant. The denominators for these by-phase averages were the number of non-missing days for each variable and phase. The by-phase averages were used as follows in the calculation of percent change from Baseline for each participant: 100 x Treatment Phase average - Baseline Phase average) / Baseline Phase average. A positive percent change from Baseline indicates a reduction from Baseline in missed work or school.

  • Change From Baseline in the Short Form 36 Health Survey, Version 2 (SF-36v2) Domain Scores at Week 20/Early Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36v2 health survey is a self-administered, generic, 36-item questionnaire designed to measure 8 domains of functional health status and well-being: physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health. Each domain is scored from 0 (poorer health) to 100 (better health). Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline score minus the Baseline score. Positive changes from Baseline indicate improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in the SF-36v2 Physical Component Summary Score at Week 20/Early Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36 v2 Health Survey is a self-administered, generic, 36-item questionnaire designed to measure 8 domains of functional health status and well-being: physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health. Each domain is scored from 0 (poorer health) to 100 (better health).The physical component summary (PCS) score is a summary score representing overall physical health, which is derived from the 8 domains. As with the domains, PCS scores range from 0 to 100; higher scores represent better health. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline score minus the Baseline score. Positive changes from Baseline indicate improvement.

  • Change From Baseline in the SF-36v2 Mental Component Summary Score at Week 20/Early Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36 v2 Health Survey is a self-administered, generic, 36-item questionnaire designed to measure 8 domains of functional health status and well-being: physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health. Each domain is scored from 0 (poorer health) to 100 (better health).The mental component summary (MCS) score is a summary score representing overall mental health, which is derived from the 8 domains. As with the domains, MCS scores range from 0 to 100; higher scores represent better health. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline score minus the Baseline score. Positive changes from Baseline indicate improvement.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Response for the Epilepsy-related Worry Component of the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGI-C) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PGI-C questionnaire was to be completed by the participant. Participants were asked the following question: Compared to before you started this study, how would you rate your current epilepsy-related worry: Much better, Moderately better, A little better, Unchanged, A little worse, Moderately worse, Much worse?

  • Change From Baseline in the PGI-C Score: Epilepsy-related Worry [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PGI-C questionnaire was to be completed by the participant. Participants were asked the following question: Compared to before you started this study, how would you rate your current epilepsy-related worry: Much better, Moderately better, A little better, Unchanged, A little worse, Moderately worse, Much worse? Rating scores are integers from 1 to 7, with 1=Much better and 7=Much worse.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Response for the Current Ability to do the Things You Need to do Component of the PGI-C Score [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PGI-C questionnaire was to be completed by the participant. Participants were asked the following question: Compared to before you started this study, how would you rate your current ability to do the things you need to do: Much better, Moderately better, A little better, Unchanged, A little worse, Moderately worse, Much worse?

  • Change From Baseline in the PGI-C Score: Current Ability to do the Things You Need to do [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PGI-C questionnaire was to be completed by the participant. Participants were asked the following question: Compared to before you started this study, how would you rate your current ability to do the things you need to do: Much better, Moderately better, A little better, Unchanged, A little worse, Moderately worse, Much worse? Rating scores are integers from 1 to 7, with 1=Much better and 7=Much worse.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Response for the Current Ability to do the Things You Want to do Component of the PGI-C Score [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PGI-C questionnaire was to be completed by the participant. Participants were asked the following question: Compared to before you started this study, how would you rate your current ability to do the things you want to do: Much better, Moderately better, A little better, Unchanged, A little worse, Moderately worse, Much worse.

  • Change From Baseline in the PGI-C Score: Current Ability to do the Things You Want to do [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 20/Early Withdrawal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PGI-C questionnaire was to be completed by the participant. Participants were asked the following question: Compared to before you started this study, how would you rate your current ability to do the things you want to do: Much better, Moderately better, A little better, Unchanged, A little worse, Moderately worse, Much worse? Rating scores are integers from 1 to 7, with 1=Much better and 7=Much worse.


Enrollment: 203
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2012
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Retigabine IR
Open Label flexible dose between 300 mg/day (minimum) and 1200 mg/day (maximum).
Drug: Retigabine IR
Flexible dose between 300 mg/day (minimum) and 1200 mg/day (maximum).

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, multi-centre, flexible dose study of retigabine immediate release (IR). The study will enroll male and female outpatients (≥ 18 years of age) with partial-onset seizures (POS) who are inadequately controlled on their current monotherapy Antiepileptic Drug (AED). Following a Screening Period of up to 2 weeks, subjects will enter an 8-week Baseline Phase to determine baseline seizure frequency. At the end of the Baseline Phase, subjects who meet or exceed the minimum seizure frequency of 4 partial seizures per 56 days, will enter the Treatment Period (4 weeks Titration, 16 weeks Flexible Dose Evaluation Phase). All subjects will receive retigabine IR starting at 150 mg/day and will be titrated to 600 mg/day by Week 4. From Week 5 onwards, subjects' doses will be maintained between 300 to 1200 mg/day using a flexible dosing regimen to optimise response and tolerability. The maximum duration of the study is approximately 33 weeks (inclusive of a 3 week Taper/Follow-up Phase).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Is 18 years of age (men or women)
  • Has a confident diagnosis of epilepsy with partial-onset seizures i.e., simple or complex partial seizures with or without secondary generalization (International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classification; 1981) for more than 24 weeks prior to the start of Baseline phase.
  • Has experienced at least 4 partial-onset seizures (i.e., simple or complex partial seizures with or without secondary generalization) during an 8-week (i.e., 56 days) prospective Baseline Phase with at least one partial seizure occurring during each 4 week (i.e., 28-day) period.
  • Receiving a stable dose of one of the following AEDs: carbamazepine/oxcarbazepine, lamotrigine, levetiracetam or valproic acid. The AED dose must be stable 4 weeks prior to start of collection of baseline seizure data (retrospective or prospective) and during the Baseline period.
  • Is able and willing to maintain an accurate and complete daily written seizure calendar and functional status diary or has a caregiver who is able and willing to do so for the entire duration of the study.
  • Is able to comply with dosing of study drug, background AED and all study procedures.
  • Has given written informed consent, or has a legally authorized representative who has given written informed consent, prior to the performance of any study assessments.
  • A female subject is eligible to enter and participate in the study if she is either of non-childbearing potential or child-bearing potential but has a negative pregnancy test at Screening and agrees to satisfy one of the contraception methods as listed in the protocol, and is not pregnant or lactating or planning to become pregnant during the study.
  • French subjects only: In France, a subject will be eligible for inclusion in this study only if either affiliated to or a beneficiary of a social security category.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has a history of generalised epilepsy (e.g. Lennox-Gastaut, Juvenile Myoclonic etc.)
  • Has had status epilepticus (other than simple partial status epilepticus) within the 24 weeks prior to Baseline Visit.
  • Has participated in a previous retigabine study (subjects with documented evidence of having received placebo will be eligible).
  • Is currently or has been abusing substance(s) or other medications in the 12 months prior to Baseline visit.
  • Has taken an investigational drug, or used an investigational device, within the previous 30 days prior to screening or plans to take an investigational drug anytime during the study.
  • Is currently following or planning to follow the ketogenic diet.
  • Has been treated with vigabatrin within the past 6 months prior to collection of baseline seizure data.
  • Is planning surgery or implantation of a Vagus Nerve Stimulator (VNS) to control seizures during the study.
  • Is suffering from acute or progressive neurological disease, severe psychiatric disease, or severe mental abnormalities that are likely to interfere with the objectives of the study.
  • Has any medical condition that, in the investigator's judgment, is considered to be clinically significant and could potentially affect subject safety or study outcome.
  • Has a QTc ≥450 millisecond (msec) or greater than or equal to 480 msec for subjects with Bundle Branch Block at the time of screening.
  • Has active suicidal plan/intent or has had active suicidal thoughts in the past 6 months. Has history of suicide attempt in the last 2 years or more than 1 lifetime suicide attempt.
  • French Subjects: the French subject has participated in any study using an investigational drug during the previous 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer).
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01227902

  Show 66 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01227902     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 113905
Study First Received: July 16, 2010
Results First Received: July 25, 2013
Last Updated: October 17, 2013
Health Authority: Spain: Agencia Espanola de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios
Spain: Agencia Española del Medicamento y Productos Sanitarios
Bulgaria: The Bulgarian Drug Agency
Belgium: Agence Fédérale des Médicaments et des Produits de la Santé
Denmark: Lægemiddelstyrelsen
Germany: Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte
France: Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Produits de Santé
Netherlands: De Centrale Commissie Mensgebonden Onderzoek
Sweden: Läkemedelsverket
Italy: Comitato Per La Sperimentazione Clinica dei Medicinali Dell'azienda Ospedaliero

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
GW582892
Seizures
Open label, flexible dose
Partial-onset seizures
Epilepsy
retigabine IR

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Epilepsy
Seizures
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
D 23129
Anticonvulsants
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014