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Acetyl-L-Carnitine In Severe Hepatic Encephalopathy

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of Catania Identifier:
First received: October 18, 2010
Last updated: NA
Last verified: December 2000
History: No changes posted

To assess the clinical efficacy of ALC in the treatment of severe hepatic encephalopathy (grade 3 of the West Haven grading scale), we performed a randomised, double blind placebo-controlled study administering ALC to cirrhotic patients, evaluating the effects on ammonia levels and performance in cognitive functions.

Condition Intervention
Hepatic Encephalopathy (Grade 3 of the West Haven Grading Scale)
Drug: Acetyl-l-Carnitine
Drug: placebo

Study Type: Interventional

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Catania:

Study Start Date: July 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2005
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Acetyl-L-carnitine Drug: Acetyl-l-Carnitine
2g per day
Placebo Comparator: placebo Drug: placebo
twice per day


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both

Inclusion Criteria:

  • patients with severe hepatic encephalopathy (grade 3 of the West Haven grading scale) with hepatic cirrhosis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a history of recent alcohol abuse, patients using psychotropic drugs (e.g., antipsychotics, interferon, benzodiazepines, anti-epileptics, sedatives and antidepressants)
  • Other exclusion criteria were the following: major complications of portal hypertension, such as gastrointestinal blood loss, hepatorenal syndrome or bacterial peritonitis; acute superimposed liver injury;patients with metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus, unbalanced heart failure and/or respiratory failure or end-stage renal disease; any additional precipitating factors such as high protein intake (additional high-protein meals), constipation; illiteracy.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01223768

Cannizzaro Hospital
Catania, Italy, 95126
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Catania
  More Information

No publications provided Identifier: NCT01223768     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 8-12-00 C
Study First Received: October 18, 2010
Last Updated: October 18, 2010
Health Authority: Italy: Ethics Committee

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Diseases
Hepatic Encephalopathy
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Central Nervous System Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatic Insufficiency
Liver Diseases
Liver Failure
Metabolic Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System Agents
Growth Substances
Nootropic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses
Vitamin B Complex
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