Optimizing Aspirin and Clopidogrel Therapy (BOchum CLopidogrel and Aspirin Plan) (BOCLAplan)
Dual antiplatelet therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, aspirin) and clopidogrel is of great importance for treatment following coronary stenting. Unfortunately the variable platelet inhibitory effectiveness compromises the antithrombotic benefit of dual antiplatelet therapy. The aim of this prospective single centre study was to reduce the low response incidence of dual antiplatelet therapy with ASA and clopidogrel based on a standardized therapy algorithm.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Optimizing Therapy With Aspirin and Clopidogrel. The BOchum CLopidogrel and Aspirin Plan to Improve Dual Antiplatelet Therapy.|
- Number of Participants Who Were Responders or Low-Responders of Antiplatelet Therapy as a Result of Whole Blood Aggregometry Testing (See Outcome Measure Description) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
In patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel aggregometry was performed and depending on the results the patients were either responder or low-responder of antiplatelet therapy.
The following definitions were used for clopidogrel low response (CLR: >5 ohm when stimulated with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) 5 μM) and ASA low response (ALR: >0 ohm;stimulated with arachidonic acid 10 μM) with the ChronoLog 590 aggregometer. In the case of low-response alternative antiplatelet therapy was modified according to the study plan (see protocol section).
|Study Start Date:||October 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: aspirin, clopidogrel
If the treatment with aspirin and/or clopidogrel is insufficient (platelet function testing) the dose was increased or the drug was changed (clopidogrel to ticlopidine or prasugrel)
Drug: Optimizing ASA and clopidogrel treatment
ASA 100 mg, ASA 300 mg, ASA 500 mg
Clopidogrel 75 mg, Clopidogrel 150 mg, Ticlopidine 2x 250 mg, Prasugrel 10 mg. Intervention List:
In the case of clopidogrel low-response, the maintenance dose was doubled (repeated loading dose followed by 150 mg daily), and when still ineffective ticlopidine or prasugrel, if available and not contraindicated, were used. ASA low-responders were treated by increasing the dose to 300 mg in a first step or to 500 mg ASA when the first modification was not sufficient.
Other Name: ASA (aspirin), Clopidogrel (Plavix)
Platelet function testing using whole blood aggregometry was performed 48 hours following coronary stenting (either acute coronary syndromes or stable coronary artery disease). The antiplatelet therapy included a loading dose of 600 mg clopidogrel and 500 mg ASA, followed by 75 mg clopidogrel and 100 mg ASA once daily. Clopidogrel low-response (CLR) and/or ASA (ASA low response) were treated according to a structured therapy plan.
|Cardiovascular Center, Ruhr University Bochum, St. Josef - Hospital, Gudrunstrasse 56|
|Bochum, NRW, Germany, D-44791|
|Principal Investigator:||Horst Neubauer, MD||Ruhr-University Bochum, Cardiovascular Center|