Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitor in Eisenmenger Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01200732
First received: September 8, 2010
Last updated: September 13, 2010
Last verified: August 2010
  Purpose

A preliminary observational study by the investigators has shown that tadalafil, a selective phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (PDE-5) decreases pulmonary vascular resistance(PVR) in patients of eisenmenger syndrome (ES) resulting in increase in pulmonary blood flow (Qp), systemic oxygen saturation (SaO2), functional class and exercise capacity. The aim of this placebo controlled trial was to assess the effect of the drug on exercise capacity and functional class compared to placebo.


Condition Intervention Phase
Eisenmenger Syndrome
Drug: Tadalafil, placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Efficacy of Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitor Tadalafil in Eisenmenger Syndrome - A Randomised, Placebo Controlled, Double Blind, Crossover Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary end point of efficacy was improvement in exercise tolerance as assessed by the un-encouraged 6 minute walk test (6MWT) compared to baseline after 6 weeks of treatment [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The secondary endpoints were effect of the drug on systemic oxygen saturation (SaO2) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The secondary endpoints were effect of the drug on effective pulmonary blood flow(EPBF) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The secondary endpoints were effect of the drug on pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The secondary endpoints were effect of the drug on systemic vascular resistance (SVR) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The secondary endpoints were effect of the drug on WHO functional class [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 28
Study Start Date: February 2008
Study Completion Date: July 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Tadalafil Drug: Tadalafil, placebo
20mg tablets, 2 tablets Once daily(i.e 40mg once daily) 20mg placebo 2 tablets once daily
Placebo Comparator: placebo Drug: Tadalafil, placebo
20mg tablets, 2 tablets Once daily(i.e 40mg once daily) 20mg placebo 2 tablets once daily

Detailed Description:

Methods Patients of ES with age greater than or equal to 18 years and weight greater than or equal to 30 kgs in World Health Organisation (WHO) functional class II and III attending our congenital clinic were invited to participate in the study. Informed written consent was taken from all the patients before screening procedures were initiated for the study. A detailed clinical examination and non-invasive testing including electrocardiogram, chest X ray, pulmonary function tests (to exclude associated restrictive/obstructive lung disease) and echocardiography(including contrast echo if required for demonstrating right to left shunt) were conducted. Patients with simple congenital heart defects (atrial septal defect > 2cm, ventricular septal defect > 1cm and aortopulmonary communications > 0.4 cm) with echocardiographic evidence of right to left shunt were included. Medical therapy and clinical condition of the patients had to be stable for 3 months prior to screening. Patients on treatment with prostanoids, endothelial receptor antagonists (ERA), PDE-5 inhibitors or any other vasodilators with in 1month prior to screening were excluded. A systemic pulse oximetry (SpO2) between 70% and 90% at rest in room air and a baseline 6 minute walk test(6MWT) distance between 150 and 450 meters were required for inclusion. Eisenmenger physiology was confirmed by cardiac catheterization as mean pulmonary artery pressure > 40mmHg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure < 15mmHg and pulmonary vascular resistance >10 wood units/m2. Oxygen study was also done in selected patients to diagnose reversible pulmonary arterial hypertension(PAH) and such patients were excluded. Patients were also excluded if they were in WHO class IV, were in congestive heart failure or had PCWP > 15mmHg,had left ventricular ejection fraction <40%, atrial fibrillation, patent ductus arteriosus, complex congenital heart defects, restrictive lung disease(total lung capacity < 70% of predicted), obstructive lung disease ( forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] < 70% of predicted with FEV1/ Forced vital capacity [FVC] < 60%), previously diagnosed coronary artery disease requiring nitrate therapy, abnormal biochemical profile and hypersensitivity to PDE- 5 inhibitors. Left and right heart catheterization was done in eligible patients as described in our preliminary observational study. Calculation of pulmonary and systemic blood flow(Qs), PVR and SVR was performed using the Ficks equation and assumed values of oxygen consumption according to age and gender of patient. The study was conducted according to the most recent amendments to the Declaration of Helsinki and in adherence to good clinical practice guidelines. The trial was approved by the National Drug Regulatory Authority (DCG) and the ethical committee of our institution.

Study design and procedure:

A double blind randomised placebo controlled crossover trial was carried out to study the efficacy and safety of oral tadalafil. Eligible patients were randomised to receive either oral tadalafil or matching placebo after baseline assessment of WHO functional class, exercise capacity by 6MWT and hemodynamic study by cardiac catheterization. Randomisation, blinding and drug/placebo administration was done by two pharmacists of the hospital. Patients received tadalafil 40mg once daily or matching placebo for 6 weeks which was followed by a 2 week washout before crossing over to the other drug for another 6 weeks. Routine medications for PAH like digoxin and diuretics was continued through out the study. Compliance was assessed by the pill count method at 3 weekly intervals. Safety of the drug or placebo was assessed by noting adverse effects, vital signs and (SaO2) by pulse oximetry at 3 week intervals. Clinical assessments (WHO functional class), 6 MWT and hemodynamic parameters by cardiac catheterization were reassessed after 6 weeks and again at the end of the study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients of ES with age greater than or equal to 14 years and weight greater than or equal to 30 kgs in World Health Organisation (WHO) functional class II and III attending our congenital clinic were invited to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • WHO class IV,
  • congestive heart failure or had PCWP > 15mmHg,
  • left ventricular ejection fraction <40%,
  • atrial fibrillation,
  • patent ductus arteriosus,
  • complex congenital heart defects,
  • restrictive lung disease(total lung capacity < 70% of predicted), obstructive lung disease ( forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] < 70% of predicted with FEV1/ Forced vital capacity [FVC] < 60%),
  • previously diagnosed coronary artery disease requiring nitrate therapy,
  • abnormal biochemical profile and
  • hypersensitivity to PDE- 5 inhibitors.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01200732

Locations
India
Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital(GB Pant Hospital)
New Delhi, India, 110002
Sponsors and Collaborators
Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Saibal Mukhopadhyay, M.D;D.M GBPant Hospital
Study Director: Sanjay Tyagi, M.D;D.M GBPant Hospital
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: saibal mukhopadhyay, Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital,Delhi university
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01200732     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ES/F.501(134)/EC/07/MC
Study First Received: September 8, 2010
Last Updated: September 13, 2010
Health Authority: India: Drugs Controller General of India

Keywords provided by Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital:
Tadalafil
phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor
Eisenmenger syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Syndrome
Eisenmenger Complex
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Heart Defects, Congenital
Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Congenital Abnormalities
Tadalafil
Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors
Vasodilator Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Urological Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014