Infection Prophylaxis and Management in Treating Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection in Patients With Hematologic Malignancies Previously Treated With Donor Stem Cell Transplant

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01199562
First received: September 8, 2010
Last updated: January 2, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Infection prophylaxis and management may help prevent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection caused by a stem cell transplant.

PURPOSE:This clinical trial studies infection prophylaxis and management in treating cytomegalovirus infection in patients with hematologic malignancies previously treated with donor stem cell transplant.


Condition Intervention
Hematopoietic/Lymphoid Cancer
Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Acute Undifferentiated Leukemia
Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma
Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma
Aplastic Anemia
Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, BCR-ABL Negative
Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia
Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Contiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Cytomegalovirus Infection
de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Essential Thrombocythemia
Extramedullary Plasmacytoma
Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue
Intraocular Lymphoma
Isolated Plasmacytoma of Bone
Mast Cell Leukemia
Meningeal Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable
Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Polycythemia Vera
Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder
Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Primary Myelofibrosis
Primary Systemic Amyloidosis
Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment
Prolymphocytic Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome
Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia
Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Secondary Myelofibrosis
Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage 0 Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage I Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Stage I Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage I Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Stage I Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Stage I Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage I Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage I Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Stage I Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
Stage I Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage I Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage I Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage I Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Stage I Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage I Multiple Myeloma
Stage I Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome
Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Stage II Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage II Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
Stage II Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage II Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage II Multiple Myeloma
Stage II Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome
Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Stage III Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage III Multiple Myeloma
Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome
Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome
Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia
Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Procedure: infection prophylaxis and management
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: flow cytometry
Genetic: DNA analysis
Genetic: RNA analysis
Procedure: management of therapy complications
Drug: ganciclovir
Drug: valganciclovir
Drug: foscarnet sodium
Procedure: antiviral therapy
Genetic: polymerase chain reaction
Genetic: protein expression analysis

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Modified Preemptive CMV Management Strategy After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation and Laboratory Correlation With Innate Immune Function

Resource links provided by NLM:

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Acute Myelocytic Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Adult Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia AL Amyloidosis Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Anaplastic Plasmacytoma Angioimmunoblastic Lymphadenopathy With Dysproteinemia Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Aplastic Anemia B-cell Lymphomas Burkitt Lymphoma Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Cytomegalic Inclusion Disease Essential Thrombocythemia Follicular Lymphoma Hairy Cell Leukemia Hodgkin Lymphoma Hypereosinophilic Syndrome Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Leukemia, B-cell, Chronic Leukemia, Myeloid Leukemia, T-cell, Chronic Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Lymphoma, Large-cell Lymphoma, Large-cell, Immunoblastic Lymphoma, Small Cleaved-cell, Diffuse Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Lymphosarcoma Mantle Cell Lymphoma Mastocytosis Multiple Myeloma Mycosis Fungoides Myelodysplastic Syndromes Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative Disease Myelofibrosis Plasmablastic Lymphoma Polycythemia Vera Sezary Syndrome Systemic Mastocytosis Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
U.S. FDA Resources

Further study details as provided by City of Hope Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Initiation of anti-CMV therapy [ Time Frame: Day 80 post stem cell transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Subjects will not be considered treated with anti-CMV agents unless at least 4 consecutive days of therapy are completed.

  • Diagnosis of CMV pneumonia [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Confirmed by detection of CMV in bronchoalveolar lavage or lung biopsy. Reported overall and separately for those whose preemptive management was and was not modified (postponed or foregone or limited to a false start) and compared to corresponding incidence in a similar cohort at our institution.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • CMV reactivation-free survival, monitored using a real time PCR assay for CMV DNA in plasma [ Time Frame: Up to day 100 post-transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Modeled using proportional hazards regression. Primary risk factors will be donor KIR of interest (activating KIR2DS2 and 2DS4, inhibitory KIR2DL1, 2DL2/2DL3, 3DL1, 3DL2), together with their recipient ligands where known. Potential confounding factors to be controlled in the model will include established clinical risk factors, including pretransplant CMV serostatus of donor and recipient, unrelated donor, marrow versus peripheral blood stem cells, and onset of acute graft-versus-host disease, handled as a time-dependent variable. The proportionality of hazards over time will be verified.

  • Percent cytotoxicity and ex vivo percent CD56+/CD107B+ cells [ Time Frame: Day 120 post stem cell transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Studied longitudinally in generalized linear models. Each of the 2 markers of NK function will be modeled separately.


Enrollment: 153
Study Start Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive standard antiviral infection prophylaxis and management comprising ganciclovir, valganciclovir, or foscarnet sodium for 2 weeks or until the plasma CMV DNA Q-PCR is negative. Patients may receive additional courses based on subsequent CMV reactivations.
Procedure: infection prophylaxis and management
Undergo infection prophylaxis and management
Other Name: treatment of infectious disease
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: flow cytometry
Correlative studies
Genetic: DNA analysis
Correlative studies
Genetic: RNA analysis
Correlative studies
Procedure: management of therapy complications
undergo infection prophylaxis and management
Other Name: complications of therapy, management of
Drug: ganciclovir
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BW 759U
  • BW-B759U
Drug: valganciclovir
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Valcyte
  • VGCV
Drug: foscarnet sodium
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Foscavir
  • trisodium phosphonoformate
Procedure: antiviral therapy
undergo infection prophylaxis and management
Other Name: therapy, antiviral
Genetic: polymerase chain reaction
Correlative studies
Other Name: PCR
Genetic: protein expression analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a individualized strategy for cytomegalovirus (CMV) preemptive management, one that monitors CMV viral load and clinical markers of immunosuppression to optimize use of ganciclovir in recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) who experience CMV reactivation.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To investigate how donor killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) genes of interest (activating KIR2DS2 and 2DS4, inhibitory KIR2DL1, 2DL2/2DL3, 3DL1, 3DL2), together with their recipient ligands where known, influence CMV reactivation-free survival after allogeneic HCT, independently of clinical risk factors such as onset of acute graft-versus-host disease.

II. To investigate whether markers of natural killer (NK) cell function correlate with a) KIR/ligand compound genotype and baseline or concurrent clinical factors and b) with history of CMV reactivation and anti-CMV therapy at the time of NK cell collection.

III. To investigate associations between NK cell recovery and antigen-specific T cell immune reconstruction.

OUTLINE: Patients receive standard antiviral infection prophylaxis and management comprising ganciclovir, valganciclovir, or foscarnet sodium for 2 weeks or until the plasma CMV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) is negative. Patients may receive additional courses based on subsequent CMV reactivations.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for up to 1 year.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis: hematologic malignancies/disorders including aplastic anemia and myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Procedure: first allogeneic, T cell-replete transplantation of stem-cells from peripheral blood or bone marrow of an human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched, unrelated or nonsyngeneic sibling donor
  • CMV seropositive donor and/or recipient
  • Performance level: must have already been determined to be eligible for HCT at City of Hope (COH)
  • Organ function requirements: The minimum organ function requirements should be the same as the requirements for HCT
  • Informed Consent: All patients must be capable of signing a written informed consent and no consent can be provided by a legal guardian

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The recipient had prior polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive CMV infection in blood or organ-specific disease in the past 12 months
  • The source of hematopoietic stem cells is T-cell depleted
  • Concomitant anti-graft-versus-host disease (GVD) treatment includes in vivo T cell depletion
  • Recipient is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 positive
  • No prior allogeneic HCT (Allo HCT) (autologous HCT [Auto HCT] is allowed)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01199562

Locations
United States, California
City of Hope Medical Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ryotaro Nakamura City of Hope Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01199562     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09038, NCI-2010-01932
Study First Received: September 8, 2010
Last Updated: January 2, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypereosinophilic Syndrome
Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Sezary Syndrome
Syndrome
Amyloidosis
Anemia, Aplastic
Blast Crisis
Burkitt Lymphoma
Communicable Diseases
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Hodgkin Disease
Immunoblastic Lymphadenopathy
Infection
Intraocular Lymphoma
Leukemia
Leukemia, Hairy Cell
Leukemia, Large Granular Lymphocytic
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Mast-Cell
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Accelerated Phase
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic, Atypical, BCR-ABL Negative
Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Leukemia, Neutrophilic, Chronic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014