Microplasmin Intravitreal Administration in Participants With Uveitic Macular Edema (MIME)

This study has been terminated.
(Lack of enrollment.)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nida Sen, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01194674
First received: September 2, 2010
Last updated: August 14, 2012
Last verified: August 2012
  Purpose

The objective of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of microplasmin as a treatment for uveitic macular edema.


Condition Intervention Phase
Uveitis
Drug: Microplasmin
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Microplasmin Intravitreal Administration in Participants With Uveitic Macular Edema

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of Severe Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of Ocular Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of eye-related adverse events was calculated.

  • Number of Non-ocular Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of adverse events that were not eye-related was calculated.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Central Macular Thickness, as Measured by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), at 4 Weeks vs. Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Retinal thickness was assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (Cirrus HD-OCT; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA), a non-invasive imaging technique that uses long-wavelength light to capture micrometer-resolution cross-sectional images from biological tissue.

  • Number of Participants Achieving Macular or Complete Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVT) at 4 Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in ETDRS Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) at 4 Weeks vs. Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Visual acuity was measured using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) protocol. Acuity is measured as letters read on an ETDRS eye chart and the letters read equate to Snellen measurements. For example, if a participant reads between 84 and 88 letters, the equivalent Snellen measurement is 20/20.

  • Change in ETDRS Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) at 12 Weeks vs. Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Visual acuity was measured using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) protocol. Acuity is measured as letters read on an ETDRS eye chart and the letters read equate to Snellen measurements. For example, if a participant reads between 84 and 88 letters, the equivalent Snellen measurement is 20/20.

  • Change in Retino-vascular Leakage, as Seen on Fluorescein Angiography (FA), at 4 Weeks vs. Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Retino-vascular leakage was calculated after manually outlining the inner and outer borders of the subretinal fluid packet in the optical coherence tomography (OCT) images using the "Edit Segmentation" function of the Cirrus HD-OCT software. For cases in which a pigment epithelial detachment was present, the volume of the pigment epithelial detachment was included in the calculation of leakage volume.


Enrollment: 2
Study Start Date: January 2011
Study Completion Date: December 2011
Primary Completion Date: December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Microplasmin Drug: Microplasmin
Participants received an intravitreal injection of 125 µg in 100 µL of microplasmin at baseline.

Detailed Description:

Objective: Uveitis, an inflammatory condition that affects the uvea (iris, ciliary body and choroid) and adjacent structures of the eyes, is an important cause of visual loss. Most cases of uveitis, not related to an infectious agent, are thought to be autoimmune in origin and are effectively treated with medications to suppress the function of the immune system. Efforts to decrease morbidity, reduce the dose of more toxic immunosuppressive drugs, reduce the frequency of recurrences of inflammation and its sequelae are important goals in the treatment of uveitis. A frequent sequela of uveitis is macular edema. Treatment of macular edema in patients with uveitis has been a particular challenge. Current evidence from diabetic macular edema (DME) and vitreomacular traction (VMT) trials suggests that pharmacologically-induced vitreoretinal separation could be a potential treatment for macular edema associated with uveitis. Microplasmin, a truncated form of human plasmin and naturally occurring enzyme that dissolves blood clots, may be a reasonable candidate for the treatment of uveitic macular edema. The objective of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of microplasmin as a treatment for uveitic macular edema.

Study Population: Five participants with uveitic macular edema, with or without VMT, will be enrolled. In addition, participants must have no evidence of macular or complete posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) or ultrasound.

Design: This Phase I-II, non-randomized, prospective, uncontrolled, single-center study will involve a one-time intravitreal injection of 125 µg in 100 µL of microplasmin. Eligible participants can receive the intravitreal injection on the same day of the baseline examination. Participants will be followed for 24 weeks post-injection.

Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measure related to the safety and tolerability of microplasmin will be assessed by the number and severity of adverse events (AEs) and systemic and ocular toxicities during the study. The secondary outcome measures related to the potential efficacy of an intravitreal injection of microplasmin for macular edema secondary to uveitis will be assessed by a change in central macular thickness from baseline measured by OCT in response to microplasmin at 4 and 12 weeks post-injection, the number of participants achieving macular or complete PVD at 4 and 12 weeks post-injection, the change of ETDRS best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and the change of retino-vascular leakage from baseline seen on fluorescein angiography (FA).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Participant must be 18 years of age or older.
  2. Participant must understand and sign the protocol's informed consent document.
  3. Participant has a diagnosis of uveitic macular edema that requires treatment in at least one eye (the study eye) and the uveitis in the study eye is deemed clinically quiet by the investigator.
  4. Participant has no evidence of macular or complete PVD in the study eye by B-scan ultrasound and OCT.
  5. Participant has visual acuity of 20/400 or better in the study eye.
  6. Participant has a central macular thickness ≥ 270 microns in the study eye and loss of the normal foveal contour.
  7. Participant does not have significant cataract or media opacity in the study eye that makes posterior segment visualization difficult as determined by investigator.
  8. Female participants of childbearing potential must not be pregnant or breast-feeding and must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and throughout the study.
  9. Both female participants of childbearing potential and male participants able to father a child must agree to practice two effective methods of birth control for six months following administration of study medication. Acceptable methods of birth control for this study include hormonal contraception (birth control pills, injected hormones, dermal patch or vaginal ring), intrauterine device, barrier methods (diaphragm, condom) with spermicide or surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, tubal ligation or vasectomy). Participants with a hysterectomy or vasectomy (or have a partner with a hysterectomy or vasectomy) are exempt from using two methods of birth control.
  10. Participant is willing to comply with the study procedures and return for all study visits.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Participant has uncontrolled glaucoma, defined as intraocular pressure >30 mmHg despite treatment with anti-glaucoma medication, in the study eye.
  2. Participant has lattice degeneration of the retina in the study eye deemed to be high risk by the investigator.
  3. Participant has untreated retinal holes or tears, or a macular hole in the study eye.
  4. Participant has a significant active ocular infection in the study eye.
  5. Participant had intraocular surgery within the past 90 days or anticipates elective intraocular surgery in the study eye.
  6. Participant had an injection of bevacizumab or ranibizumab within the past four weeks in the study eye.
  7. Participant had an injection of triamcinolone within the past six weeks in the study eye.
  8. Participant has a condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in the study (e.g., unstable medical status that would pose a significant hazard if investigational therapy was started).
  9. Participant has known anaphylaxis to sodium fluoride, or has urticaria, angioedema or an anaphylactoid response to sodium fluorescein dye that cannot be safely pre-medicated with an antihistamine and/or prednisone.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01194674

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Hatice Nida Sen, MD, MHSc National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Nida Sen, Principal Investigator, NEI, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01194674     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 100186, 10-EI-0186
Study First Received: September 2, 2010
Results First Received: July 10, 2012
Last Updated: August 14, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Microplasmin
Macular Edema
Uveitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uveitis
Macular Edema
Uveal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014