Peer Visitation for OEF/OIF Veterans
The goal of this study was to train OIF/OIF Veterans with multiple injuries to be Peer Visitors, i.e., Volunteers who visit more recently OIF/OEF Veterans and provide support. We evaluated the effectiveness of the training, and any benefits that Volunteer Peer Visitors and the Recipients of Peer Visitors experienced as a result of participating in Peer Visitation.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Evaluating a Peer Visitor Program for OIF/OEF Veterans With Polytrauma|
- Post Traumatic Growth Inventory [ Time Frame: Baseline and mean of 8 weeks later ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (Depression Screen) [ Time Frame: Pre- and Post- Participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Positive and Negative Affect Scale [ Time Frame: Pre- and Post- participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist- Military Version (PCL-M) [ Time Frame: Pre and Post Participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Cognitive Processing of Trauma Scale [ Time Frame: Pre and Post Participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Perceived Stress Scale [ Time Frame: Pre and Post- Participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Brief COPE [ Time Frame: Pre- and Post- Participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Patient Activation Measure [ Time Frame: Pre- and Post- Participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Post-traumatic cognitions Inventory [ Time Frame: Pre- and Post- Participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Self-Efficacy Scale [ Time Frame: Pre- and Post- Participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- General Anger Level [ Time Frame: Pre- and Post- Participation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Arm 1
There are 2 types of subjects: Veteran Peer Visitors (VPV) and Recipients of Peer Visitors (Recipients). VPV will participate in a 2-day training program and then provide at 1-5 visits to at least 2 recipients. Recipients will receive 1-5 visits.
Other: Peer Visitation
Trained Volunteers will visit OEF/OIF Veterans with Polytrauma Injuries to provide support.
Peer visitation (PV) provides individuals newly dealing with a particular injury/ illness with an opportunity to interact with a peer who has successfully managed a similar condition. Interaction with a successful role model can provide credible social support and information, increase self-efficacy and teach coping strategies, which in turn can engender hope and motivation to engage in treatment and use active coping strategies. In spite of the widespread clinical availability of PV programs, the amount and type of training and clinical/organizational varies widely, and empirical support for their efficacy is limited. The main objective of this project is to test the feasibility of implementing a PV program for OEF/OIF veterans with war-related polytrauma.
The proposed study represented a unique opportunity to evaluate three important aspects of peer visitation among OEF/OIF Veterans. Our three hypotheses were: H 1: Veteran Peer Visitors (VPVs) who complete the training will demonstrate successful acquisition of efficacy, knowledge and skills as measured by: (1) pre- and post-tests administered before and after the training; (2) trainer evaluations upon completion of the training, (3) self-evaluation of at least two actual peer visits, and (4) evaluation by two individuals who receive peer visits. H2: VPVs who complete the study will demonstrate increased self-care, improved mood, and increased post-traumatic growth compared to pre-training baseline measures. H 3: Veterans who receive a visit from a VPV will endorse improvement in one or more of the following areas: stress, self-efficacy, activation, mood, ability to make meaning of their experiences, and knowledge of coping options.
We used a mixed-methods study to evaluate the feasibility of PV training materials developed in a previous grant to certify 12-18 Veteran Peer Visitors (VPVs). In a prior project, the proposed research team developed the training materials to be tested in this feasibility study, including screening tools to identify appropriate candidates for VPV training, an Instructor manual and a Veteran PV workbook.
Two types of participants: Veteran Peer Visitors and Recipients of VPVs were recruited via the Polytrauma Network Site in VISN 20 (Seattle). VPVs were nominated by a clinician to participate and, if enrolled, will undergo 2-day training and will be required to pass a test upon completion of training. Training included a VA Voluntary Services background check, and orientation to the VHA and VA privacy policies. VPVs became official VA volunteers. Each certified VPV was required to provide 1-5 visits to at least two Veterans. Both VPVs and recipients of VPV completed surveys at baseline and upon study completion.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01193686
|United States, Washington|
|VA Puget Sound Health Care System|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98108|
|Principal Investigator:||Rhonda M. Williams, PhD||VA Puget Sound Health Care System|