Doxorubicin Hydrochloride or Trabectedin in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated Advanced or Metastatic Soft Tissue Sarcoma

This study has been terminated.
(Results of step1: bobe of the experimental arms fulfills expectations and the study will not continue as a phase III.)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Sarcoma Alliance for Research through Collaboration
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01189253
First received: August 25, 2010
Last updated: August 26, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride and trabectedin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known whether trabectedin is more effective than doxorubicin hydrochloride in treating patients with advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II/III trial is studying the safety of trabectedin compared with doxorubicin hydrochloride and to see how well they work in treating patients with advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Sarcoma
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: trabectedin
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: TRUSTS: A Phase IIB/III Multicenter Study Comparing the Efficacy of TRabectedin Administered as a 3-Hour or 24-Hour Infusion to Doxorubicin in Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Untreated Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival as assessed by RECIST v 1.1 criteria (phase IIB and phase III) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety (phase IIB) [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival (phase III) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Response rate and response duration (phase III) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety profile (phase III) [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Quality of life (phase III) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 370
Study Start Date: May 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2015
Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • To evaluate whether trabectedin given as first-line chemotherapy for patients with previously untreated advanced or metastatic malignant soft tissue sarcoma prolongs progression-free survival as compared to doxorubicin hydrochloride.
  • To identify and validate biomarkers (including, but not limited to, XPG, BRCA1, RAD51, BRCA2, ATM and CHK1) of sensitivity to trabectedin in order to allow the selection of patients that benefit most from trabectedin treatment. (Optional translational research)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase IIB study followed by a phase III study. Patients are stratified according to institution, age at registration (< 60 years old vs ≥ 60 years old), and presence of liver metastases (yes vs no).

  • Phase IIB (step 1): Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.

    • Arm I: Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    • Arm II: Patients receive trabectedin IV over 3 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    • Arm III: Patients receive trabectedin IV continuously over 24 hours on day 1. Courses repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

At the end of step 1, the best regimen of trabectedin will be determined. Patients receiving the non-selected trabectedin regimen ("losing arm") are offered to cross over in order to receive the selected regimen of trabectedin.

  • Phase III (step 2): Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

    • Arm I: Patients receive trabectedin IV on day 1 using the preferred regimen determined in step 1. Courses repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    • Arm II: Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients complete quality of life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30 version 3) at baseline, at 6, 12, 24, and 36 weeks during study, and at the end of study.

Tumor tissue block obtained at diagnosis may be analyzed to identify and validate biomarkers of sensitivity to trabectedin and for tissue microarrays.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up at 1 month, every 6 or 12 weeks until disease progression, and every 12 weeks thereafter.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed intermediate- or high-grade malignant soft tissue sarcoma

    • Advanced and/or metastatic disease
    • Previously untreated disease
  • The following tumor types are not allowed:

    • Well-differentiated liposarcoma
    • Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma
    • Chondrosarcoma (excluding extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma)
    • Osteosarcoma (excluding extraskeletal osteosarcoma)
    • Ewing tumors/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET)
    • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST)
    • Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans
  • Must have confirmed disease progression based on investigator's judgment prior to study enrollment
  • Measurable disease according to RECIST v 1.1 criteria

    • Tumor lesions situated in a previously irradiated area, or in an area subjected to other loco-regional therapy, are usually not considered measurable unless there has been demonstrated progression in the lesion
  • Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor blocks or representative hematoxylin/eosin slides (preferably both) available (local histopathological diagnosis will be accepted for trial entry)
  • No prior anticancer therapy for this disease

    • No prior anthracycline
    • Non-anthracycline therapy for nonmetastatic disease is acceptable
  • No known history of CNS metastases or leptomeningeal tumor spread

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • WHO performance status 0-1
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L
  • Bilirubin normal
  • ALT/AST ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN, (if alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 times ULN, hepatic isoenzymes 5-nucleotidase and/or GGT must be within the normal range)
  • Albumin > 30 g/L
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min
  • Creatine phosphokinase (CPK) ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception (double barrier method for men) 2 weeks prior to, during, and for 3 months (women) or 5 months (men) after completion of study therapy
  • LVEF normal by MUGA scan or ECHO
  • 12-lead ECG normal (without clinically significant abnormalities)
  • None of the following unstable cardiac conditions:

    • Congestive heart failure
    • Angina pectoris
    • Myocardial infarction within the past year
    • Uncontrolled arterial hypertension, defined as BP ≥ 150/100 mm Hg despite optimal medical therapy
    • Clinically significant arrhythmias
  • No active or uncontrolled infections or serious illnesses or medical conditions, including a history of any of the following:

    • Chronic alcohol abuse
    • Hepatitis
    • HIV
    • Cirrhosis
  • No history of malignancy within the past 5 years, except soft tissue sarcoma, basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, resected incidental prostate cancer (staged pT2 with Gleason score ≤ 6 and postoperative PSA < 0.5 ng/mL)

    • Patients with any history of malignancies who are disease-free for more than 5 years are eligible
  • a history of malignancy and disease-free for more than 5 years
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule
  • No concurrent alcohol consumption

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 28 days since prior and no concurrent anticancer therapy including systemic therapy, radiotherapy, or surgery
  • At least 28 days since prior and no other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent phenytoin, live attenuated vaccines, or yellow fever vaccine
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01189253

  Show 43 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Sarcoma Alliance for Research through Collaboration
Investigators
Study Chair: Nguyen Binh Bui, MD Institut Bergonié
Principal Investigator: James E. Butrynski, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01189253     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-62091, EORTC-62091, 2009-014889-26, EU-21059, PMAR-EORTC-62091, SARC-020
Study First Received: August 25, 2010
Last Updated: August 26, 2013
Health Authority: Belgium: Federal Agency for Medicinal Products and Health Products
Austria: Agency for Health and Food Safety
Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices
Denmark: Danish Medicines Agency
Spain: Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Hungary: National Institute of Pharmacy
Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)
Slovakia: State Institute for Drug Control
Poland: Office for Registration of Medicinal Products, Medical Devices and Biocidal Products
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
adult epithelioid sarcoma
stage III adult soft tissue sarcoma
stage IV adult soft tissue sarcoma
adult alveolar soft-part sarcoma
adult angiosarcoma
adult desmoplastic small round cell tumor
adult extraskeletal chondrosarcoma
adult extraskeletal osteosarcoma
adult fibrosarcoma
adult leiomyosarcoma
adult malignant fibrous histiocytoma
adult malignant hemangiopericytoma
adult malignant mesenchymoma
adult neurofibrosarcoma
adult synovial sarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sarcoma
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Doxorubicin
Trabectedin
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014