The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) to use RSA to determine the migration patterns of the PA coated Triathlon Total Knee Arthroplasty components during the first 2 years postoperatively and thus determine the proportion of cases where adequate fixation is achieved, and 2) to use DEXA scanning to document peri-prosthetic bone mineral density changes in response to the PA coated Triathlon Total Knee arthroplasty over the first two postoperative years.
In addition, gait assessment and validated outcome questionnaires will be utilized to quantify changes in functional status of subjects after surgery and migration patterns will be compared to results obtained from previous studies of uncemented total knee arthroplasty components conducted at this centre. Questions to be asked are: 1. Do the components achieve adequate fixation to the underlying bone? 2. What are the migration patterns (translations and rotations) of the PA coated arthroplasty components during the first two years postoperatively and are they different from that seen for other implants that have been studied with RSA at this institution? 3. For what proportion of implants does migration continue to increase during the two year follow-up? 4. Are inducible displacements, measured at weight-bearing follow-ups, consistent over time and do they indicate that adequate fixation has been achieved? 5. Are there changes over time in bone mineral density of peri-prosthetic bone in the PA coated Triathlon total knee arthroplasty? 6: Where do changes in bone mineral density occur? 7: Is there a significant difference in health status and functional outcome before and after total knee arthroplasty using PA coated Triathlon total knee arthroplasty components? 8: Are there changes in gait symmetry and centre of mass (COM) displacements as assessed with the Walkabout Portable Gait Monitor pre- and post-operatively and how does study gait data compare to asymptomatic gait? and finally, Question 9: Are there differences in the micromotion patterns between the when compared to other samples of knee implants in our RSA database?