Blood Monitoring and Data Acquisition and Utilization in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Insulin

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Hugh Tildesley, Endocrine Research Society
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01175408
First received: August 3, 2010
Last updated: September 9, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

Management of type 2 diabetes is an ongoing challenge for patients and their doctors. In order to prevent complications, patients need to monitor and control their blood sugar levels. In addition, they may need to have an ongoing communication with their doctor in order to modify treatment. In this study the investigators wish to compare the benefits of continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) to an internet-based glucose monitoring system (IBGMS). The investigators also want to determine whether the frequency of blood glucose testing affects blood glucose control and to see whether the benefits of CGMS and IBGMS are independent of testing frequency.


Condition Intervention
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Other: Remote Blood Glucose Monitoring
Other: Continuous Glucose Monitoring
Other: SMBG
Other: SMBG With Knowledge

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Blood Monitoring and Data Acquisition and Utilization in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Insulin

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Endocrine Research Society:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary endpoint is the A1c level or the change in A1c level [ Time Frame: 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • A secondary endpoint includes adverse events such as unplanned hospitalizations for any cause that last more than 24 hours [ Time Frame: 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: September 2010
Study Completion Date: September 2012
Primary Completion Date: September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Internet Intervention
The subjects enrolled in the Internet Therapeutic Intervention arm receive standard care by testing their blood glucose at least 3 times daily and visit the endocrinologist every 3 months; however, they are also asked to upload their blood glucose readings online every 2 weeks for the health practitioner to view and comment upon.
Other: Remote Blood Glucose Monitoring
The subjects enrolled in the Internet Therapeutic Intervention arm receive standard care by testing their blood glucose at least 3 times daily and visit the endocrinologist every 3 months; however, they are also asked to upload their blood glucose readings online every 2 weeks for the health practitioner to view and comment upon.
Other Name: Internet Blood Glucose Monitoring System
Active Comparator: Continuous Glucose Monitoring
The use of CGMS (Sensor, receiver, transmitter) plus the uploading of results to the Internet-based software utility of CareLink Personal and generating reports that can be viewed and used at the patient's own preference. This group will send the data to their endocrinologist and receive feedback based on the uploaded glucose data.
Other: Continuous Glucose Monitoring
The use of CGMS (Sensor, receiver, transmitter) (Medtronic Diabetes) plus the uploading of results to the Internet-based software utility of CareLink Personal and generating reports that can be viewed and used at the patient's own preference. This group will not receive feedback or suggestion based on the uploaded glucose data.
Other Name: Sensors, CGMS
Active Comparator: SMBG
The SMBG patients will be told that we are testing a new meter to check the accuracy of the meter. They will be asked to test at least 3 times a day and to keep a written diary of their sugar levels. The SMBG group will not know that we are counting strips and can not know about the SMBG With Knowledge group as it may bias the frequency that they test.
Other: SMBG
The SMBG patients will be told that we are testing a new meter to check the accuracy of the meter. They will be asked to test at least 3 times a day and to keep a written diary of their sugar levels. The SMBG group will not know that we are counting strips and can not know about the SMBG With Knowledge group as it may bias the frequency that they test.
Active Comparator: SMBG With Knowledge
The SMBG With Knowledge patients will be given a new meter and will be asked to test at least 3 times a day and to keep a written diary of their sugar levels. We will inform this group that we are measuring the frequency of SMBG testing.
Other: SMBG With Knowledge
The SMBG With Knowledge patients will be given a new meter and will be asked to test at least 3 times a day and to keep a written diary of their sugar levels. We will inform this group that we are measuring the frequency of SMBG testing.

Detailed Description:

In this current study, the investigators wish to test several hypotheses: whether the frequency of SMBG is correlated with HbA1c, whether the knowledge that strips are being counted affects HbA1c, whether the reduction of HbA1c when using an IBGMS is independent of the frequency of testing, and whether there is a difference between IBGMS and CGMS in HbA1c reduction.

The investigators will recruit 100 patients with type 2 diabetes who satisfy the inclusion/exclusion criteria. For the first visit, the patients will be immediately randomized into four groups. One group will be testing 3 times a day (SMBG). The second group will be similar to the SMBG group except they will know that we are counting the frequency of testing (SMBG With Knowledge). The third group will use an IBGMS and the fourth group will use a CGMS. During the first visit, we will teach the patient how to use the programs and machinery for their group. All four groups will be asked to follow the protocol and to visit their doctor in 3 month intervals for 6 months along with completed laboratory blood test results.

For the SMBG and the SMBG With Knowledge group, each will be given a new meter and be asked to test 3 times a day. They will also be required to keep a diary of their SMBG levels. The difference between the two is that the SMBG With Knowledge group will know that we are counting strips. The SMBG group will believe that we are testing a new meter and will not know that the SMBG With Knowledge group exists. This deception is necessary to test the experimental effect of if the patient knows that we are counting the frequency of testing, does that affect the frequency that they are testing. The investigators will tell the SMBG group that we are testing the accuracy of a new meter and they should test 3 times a day.

For the CGMS and IBGMS group, they will also be counting the frequency of blood glucose testing to see whether the benefits from both are independent of the number of tests. Furthermore, we wish to compare the these two methods of blood glucose monitoring. Both groups will have to upload their data onto the internet and communicate with their doctor every 2 weeks using a secure online web site.

At the end of 3 and 6 months, we will collect the frequency of testing from each group to determine whether increased glycemic control correlates with increased testing. We will also collect their SMBG diaries to see whether the written data correlates with the data on their meter. The investigators will also be comparing a measure of their blood glucose levels for each group and determining the effectiveness of CGMS and IBGMS.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 2 diabetes patients being treated with insulin for at least 3 months HbA1c > 7%
  • 25 years of age
  • Willingness to test blood glucose levels a minimum of 3 times daily
  • Willingness to be trained on using the Continuous Glucose Monitoring System
  • Willingness to be randomized
  • Trained in self-blood glucose monitoring
  • Internet Access on a Windows Personal Computer
  • No prior use or training on CGMS in the past 6 months
  • No prior use or training on IBGMS in the past 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients who do not meet the above criteria or are not willing to participate will not be included in the study. Additional exclusion criteria include:

  • Patient with medical conditions that may affect their study participation or - - results will be excluded.
  • Patients with the potential to become pregnant
  • Patients using medications known to influence control of diabetes (eg steroids systemic or inhaled)
  • Liver disease (AST or ALT levels > 2.5 times the reference level)
  • Renal insufficient with a serum creatinine level > 200 μmol/L
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01175408

Locations
Canada, British Columbia
St. Paul's Hospital
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
Endocrine Research Society
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Hugh D Tildesley, MD Providence Health Care, University of British Columbia
  More Information

Publications:

Responsible Party: Dr. Hugh Tildesley, Clinical Professor, Endocrine Research Society
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01175408     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Monitoring and Acquisition T2D
Study First Received: August 3, 2010
Last Updated: September 9, 2014
Health Authority: Canada: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Keywords provided by Endocrine Research Society:
Remote Blood Glucose Monitoring System,
Continuous Glucose Monitoring System,
Self Monitoring Blood Glucose,
Strip Counting,
Type 2 Diabetes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014