Individual and Family Motivational Interviews for Substance Using Truant Teens

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anthony Spirito, Brown University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01170026
First received: July 22, 2010
Last updated: July 2, 2013
Last verified: July 2012
  Purpose

This application will provide a test of one potential model for adding substance use assessment and brief intervention into a truancy court program. The primary goal of this study is to determine whether a motivational intervention will reduce substance use among adolescents referred to truancy court for school attendance problems. In this treatment development application, an open trial with 20 families referred by truancy court will first be conducted. This trial will be used to adapt an existing motivational intervention to include material relevant to school attendance and performance. Then 100 families participating in the Rhode Island Truancy Court Program with adolescents between the ages of 13-16 years who report using substances will be randomly assigned to receive the experimental intervention plus standard truancy court procedures or psychoeducation plus standard truancy court procedures. The 2-session intervention protocol consists of an individual motivational interview plus the Family Check-Up (Dishion & Kavanagh, 2003), a family based motivational interview. The experimental protocol provides a thorough assessment of both individual and family strengths and weaknesses with respect to substance use prevention and school attendance/performance. Follow-up interviews will be conducted at 3 and 6 months.


Condition Intervention Phase
Substance Use
Risky Sexual Behavior
Behavioral: Family Check-up/ Individual MI
Behavioral: Individual and family psychoeducation
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Individual and Family Motivational Interviews for Substance Using Truant Teens

Further study details as provided by Brown University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • marijuana use [ Time Frame: 3 month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Self-report of marijuana use in the prior 30 days

  • marijuana use [ Time Frame: 6 month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Self-report of marijuana use in the prior 30 days


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Risky sexual behavior [ Time Frame: 3 month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Self-report of risky sexual behavior such as unprotected sex

  • Risky sexual behavior [ Time Frame: 6 month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Self-report of risky sexual behavior such as unprotected sex


Enrollment: 68
Study Start Date: August 2010
Study Completion Date: July 2013
Primary Completion Date: January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Family Check-up/Individual MI
Two session motivational intervention to improve parent monitoring and communication with respect to adolescent risk behavior especially substance use plus 2 session Individual Motivational Intervention for the adolescent
Behavioral: Family Check-up/ Individual MI
The 2-session intervention protocol consists of an individual motivational interview plus the Family Check-Up (Dishion & Kavanagh, 2003), a family based motivational interview. The experimental protocol provides a thorough assessment of both individual and family strengths and weaknesses with respect to substance use prevention and school attendance/performance.
Other Name: (Family Check-up)
Active Comparator: Psychoeducation
Two sessions of psychoeducation for parents regarding adolescent risk behaviors especially substance use
Behavioral: Individual and family psychoeducation
Families in PE will return for the same number of visits as the IMI and FCU sessions of the IMI/FCU condition. An interventionist will review a set of educational materials with the parents regarding teen SU use, truancy and risk behaviors and parenting a teenager. A similar set of materials will be reviewed with the adolescent
Other Name: (Psychoed)

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 16 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. between the ages of 13-16 at the start of the project and living at home with at least one parent/guardian,
  2. t- score of 70 or above on one of the diagnostic-oriented scales (internalizing or externalizing problems) on the Child Behavior Checklist (i.e. reach the clinical cut-off),
  3. the child must report 6 or more incidences of substance use in the last 90 days,
  4. parental consent and child assent are obtained.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. adolescent meets diagnostic criteria for substance dependence suggesting need for more intensive services,
  2. the family is not able to speak and understand English or Spanish well enough to complete study procedures.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01170026

Locations
United States, Rhode Island
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02912
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brown University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Anthony Spirito, PhD Brown Medicl School
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Anthony Spirito, Professor, Brown University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01170026     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1 R34 DA0029871
Study First Received: July 22, 2010
Last Updated: July 2, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Brown University:
substance use
adolescents
intervention
truancy
sexual risk behavior

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014