The Impact of Giving a Massage
The aim of this study is to investigate if giving a massage impacts the mental state of a massage therapist, including depression, anxiety, and stress . It is speculated that feelings of depression, anxiety and stress will reduce following the giving of a massage.
Mental State - as Evidenced by Reported Depressions, Anxiety and / or Stress.
Behavioral: Give a massage
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
|Official Title:||The Impact of Giving a Massage on Perceived Depression, Anxiety and Stress of Massage Therapists: A Randomized Clinical Trial|
- Perceived, self-reported stress, anxiety and depression [ Time Frame: Immediately before the 50-minute masage ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]The primary assessment measure will be perceived, self-reported stress, anxiety and depression as measured by the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales (DASS). The DASS is a set of three scales measuring the states of depression, anxiety and stress. Each of the 21 items is scored from "0" (Did not apply to me at all) to "3" (Applied to me very much or most of the time). A subscore is achieved for each of the three subcategories. Subscores can range from 0 to 28+. The DASS was found to have adequate convergent and discriminant validity and good reliability, including test-retest reliability.
- Perceived, self-reported state and trait anxiety [ Time Frame: Immediately before the 50-minute massage ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Secondary outcome measure will be perceived, self-reported state and trait anxiety as measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-II (STAI). The STAI is a self-report measure that assesses both state anxiety and trait anxiety. The 40 items are measured on a 4-point Likert scale (1=Almost Never to 4=Almost Always). Scores are obtained for each subscale with the higher scores indicating higher anxiety. The STAI has been shown to be valuable in both research and clinical settings, and has been found to have high internal consistency,19 and excellent test-retest reliability.
|Study Start Date:||June 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Massage Giver
Participants in the experimental group will be asked to give one 50-minute Swedish massage to another volunteer.
Behavioral: Give a massage
Participants in this arm will give a 50-minute Swedish massage to a volunteer.
No Intervention: Passive Controls
Participants in this arm will wait in a classroom (as usual) and do nothing out of their ordinary routines.
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|United States, Texas|
|Parker College School of Massage|
|Dallas, Texas, United States, 75229|
|Study Director:||M Jensen, DC, MS, MSc||Parker Research Institute|
|Principal Investigator:||Lavada A Smith, PhD||Parker College School of Massage|
|Study Chair:||Drew Riffe, DC||Parker College School of Massage|