The use of central venous catheters(CVCs)has increased in both the inpatient and outpatient settings.CVCs disturb skin integrity and create vulnerability for bacterial and fungal infections. It has been estimated that 90% of bloodstream infections associated with catheters, are due to CVCs, and that 500 to 4,000 patients in the United States die annually due to these bloodstream infections (Mermel, 2000). The risk of central line (CL)associated bloodstream infections (CLAB) is typically expressed as the number of line infections per 1000 catheter days.A recent study demonstrated that following a set of standardized procedures can reduce the mean CLAB rate from 7.7 per 1000 catheter days to 1.4 (Pronovost et al., 2006).In an effort to decrease hospital acquired bloodstream infections and complications resulting from CVCs, an initiative to standardize and track CL placement throughout the institution is proposed. A uniform CL protocol will be developed;practice guidelines will be updated based on current evidence, and a standard procedural checklist will be developed based on CL care bundles recommended by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI)(5 Million Lives, 2007).Generally,a care bundle is a series of best practices that each enhances care when applied individually, but considerably improves care when implemented together.The CL care bundle includes hand hygiene, barrier precautions, chlorhexidine skin antisepsis, optimal site selection, and daily consideration of line necessity, with timely removal of unnecessary lines(5 Million Lives, 2007).Another goal of this initiative is to create a CL registry to capture and store data relevant to each CL placed throughout the institution.This registry will provide a wealth of data on CL insertions and complications which may be used as a valuable source of information for quality assurance, performance improvement, and research.Finally,with the knowledge and information obtained through this registry, educational offerings can be created, and a standardized institutional process for CL insertion can be developed.
Objective: 1.To capture information on each CL insertion throughout the institution.2.To capture and track the amount of days a patient has a CL in place.3.To capture and track CL infectious complications.4.To capture and track mechanical complications.5.To capture data,which may be used as a valuable source of information for quality assurance, performance improvement, education, and research.