Comparison of Flu Vaccine Doses in Children

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01164553
First received: July 15, 2010
Last updated: April 25, 2013
Last verified: October 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the possibility that giving an increased dose of flu vaccine to children 6 through 35 months of age will improve protection against influenza without increasing side effects. Investigators will evaluate the body's response to the vaccine. Male and female participants' ages 6-35 months, who have never received flu vaccine, and those ages 12-35 months, who have been previously vaccinated, will participate in the study for about 7 months. Vaccine naïve study participants will receive two doses of flu vaccine, either the 0.25 mL dose (Group 1) or 0.5 mL dose (Group 2). Previously vaccinated subjects will receive one dose of flu vaccine, either the 0.25 mL dose (Group 1) or 0.5 mL dose (Group 2). Study procedures include physical examination, memory aids, blood sampling and a follow-up phone call about 6 months after the last vaccine dose.


Condition Intervention Phase
Influenza
Biological: Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase I Study Comparing an Increased Dose(s) (0.5 ml) of Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (TIV) With Standard Dose(s) (0.25 ml) TIV in Children 6-35 Months of Age

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of local and systemic side effects in children receiving the standard dose (0.25ml) or increased dose (0.5 ml) of Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine. [ Time Frame: In the week after each vaccination. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Incidence of adverse events in children receiving the standard dose (0.25ml) or increased dose (0.5 ml) of Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (TIV). [ Time Frame: In the 4 weeks after each vaccination. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent of children who develop hemagglutinin inhibition (HAI) antibody titers greater than or equal to 1:40 (presumed protective titers) and the percent with 4-fold rises. [ Time Frame: Approximately 30 days after one or two standard (0.25 ml) or increased (0.5 ml) doses of Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (TIV) in fully primed and naive children. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Geometric mean titer (GMT) of the hemagglutinin inhibition (HAI) antibody responses to each of the components of the Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (TIV). [ Time Frame: Approximately 30 days after one or two standard (0.25 ml) or increased (0.5 ml) doses of Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine in fully primed and naïve children. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 243
Study Start Date: October 2010
Study Completion Date: October 2012
Primary Completion Date: October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 2, 0.5 mL TIV
Naive cohort participants (n=180) receive 0.25 mLTrivalent Inactivated Vaccine (TIV) in two intramuscular doses 28-42 days apart. Fully Primed cohort participants (previously vaccinated) (n=40) will receive 0.5 mL Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (TIV) in one intramuscular dose.
Biological: Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine
Either a standard pediatric dose (0.25 ml) or a larger dose (0.5 ml) of Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (TIV) (Fluzone®) administered intramuscularly (IM) in the thigh with a 25 gauge 1 inch needle. Naive cohort (enrolled over two influenza seasons (2010-11 and 2011-12)) will receive vaccine in two IM doses 28-42 days apart, Fully Primed cohort (enrolled in one influenza season (2010-11)) will receive vaccine in one IM dose.
Active Comparator: Group 1, 0.25 mL TIV
Naive cohort participants (n=90) receive 0.25 mLTrivalent Inactivated Vaccine (TIV) in two intramuscular doses 28-42 days apart. Fully Primed cohort participants (previously vaccinated) (n=20) will receive 0.25 mL Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (TIV) in one intramuscular dose
Biological: Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine
Either a standard pediatric dose (0.25 ml) or a larger dose (0.5 ml) of Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (TIV) (Fluzone®) administered intramuscularly (IM) in the thigh with a 25 gauge 1 inch needle. Naive cohort (enrolled over two influenza seasons (2010-11 and 2011-12)) will receive vaccine in two IM doses 28-42 days apart, Fully Primed cohort (enrolled in one influenza season (2010-11)) will receive vaccine in one IM dose.

Detailed Description:

Influenza is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among both children and adults. Influenza A and/or B viruses cause yearly epidemics in the United States with an average of 36,000 deaths and 114,000 hospitalizations annually. Children have the highest rates of infection. Influenza is also associated with substantial numbers of hospitalizations among young infants. Because of the limited data available and the variability of reported seroresponses to doses of 0.25 ml in children 6-35 months of age, investigators hypothesize that a higher dose will be more consistently immunogenic. In addition, since currently licensed trivalent inactivated influenza (TIV) vaccines are well tolerated with minimal systemic and local adverse events, investigators hypothesize that administering a higher dose of 0.5 ml to this age group will be well-tolerated. Therefore, investigators propose to compare the safety and immunogenicity of 0.25 ml doses of TIV to that of 0.5 ml doses of TIV when administered to children 6-35 months of age. The proposed study is a phase I, two-arm, 1:2 randomized, double-blinded trial comparing the safety and immunogenicity of increased dose(s) (0.5 ml) with standard dose (0.25 ml) of TIV in children 6-35 months of age with and without a history of previous TIV vaccination. The population will include a Naïve Cohort: 270 healthy male and female children who are 6-35 months of age and have never received an influenza vaccination; and a Fully Primed Cohort: 60 healthy male and female children who are 12-35 months of age and have received two doses of 2009-2010 H1N1 and two doses of TIV at anytime in the past as defined for purposes of this study. Either a standard pediatric dose (0.25 ml) or a larger dose (0.5 ml) of TIV will be administered intramuscularly in the anterolateral thigh with a 25 gauge 1" needle. The primary objective is to evaluate the safety of administering an increased dose(s) (0.5 ml) of TIV to children 6-35 months of age as compared to standard dose(s) (0.25 ml) of TIV. The secondary objective is to compare the humoral immune responses to TIV antigens in children 6-35 months of age who receive the increased dose(s) of TIV to those who receive the standard dose(s) of TIV.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 35 Months
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

All Subjects

  • Healthy children 6-35 months of age (naïve cohort) or 12-35 months of age (fully primed cohort)
  • Free of obvious health problems as established by medical history and clinical examination before entering the study
  • Parent/legal guardian willing and capable of signing written informed consent
  • Parent/legal guardian expected to be available for entire study
  • Parent/legal guardian can be reached by telephone

Fully Primed Cohort

-Have received two doses of 2009-2010 H1N1 and two doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) at anytime in the past as defined for the purpose of this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

All Subjects:

  • Have known allergy to eggs or other components of the vaccine. *Refer to the Fluzone package insert for a list of vaccine components.
  • Known or suspected latex allergy.
  • Former premature infants (<32 weeks).
  • History of bronchodilator use more than 2 times per week within 28 days of vaccination.
  • Significant underlying chronic illness (e.g., congenital heart disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia).
  • Immunodeficiency disease or use of immunosuppressive therapy by the participant, including perinatal exposure to or infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or known infection with hepatitis B or hepatitis C.
  • Any other condition that, in the clinical judgment of the investigator, may interfere with vaccine evaluation. Children receiving antibiotics are eligible for enrollment.
  • Have long term use of glucocorticoids including oral, parenteral or high-dose inhaled steroids (>800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within the preceding 6 months. (Nasal and topical steroids are allowed.)
  • Previous, exposure to an investigational drug or investigational vaccine within 28 days prior to vaccination in this trial.
  • Plans for participation in another clinical trial with an investigational drug or investigational vaccine for the duration of this study.
  • History of Guillain-Barré syndrome or any other neuromuscular disease.
  • History of seizures (including febrile seizures).

Naïve Cohort:

  • Any prior influenza vaccination.
  • History of documented laboratory-confirmed influenza infection.

Fully primed Cohort:

  • Have not received two doses of 2009-2010 H1N1 and two doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) at anytime in the past as defined for the purpose of this study.
  • Allergic response to prior receipt of influenza vaccine.

Criteria for temporarily delaying vaccine administration for both groups:

The following conditions are temporary or self-limiting and a subject may be included in the study once the condition(s) has/have resolved, provided that the subject is otherwise eligible:

  • Receipt of blood products in the previous 90 days
  • Fever (axillary temperature > 100.0 degrees Fahrenheit/37.8 degrees Celsius), or an acute illness within 48 hours of enrollment.
  • Receipt of any live vaccines within four weeks or any inactivated vaccines within two weeks of study vaccination.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01164553

Locations
United States, Georgia
Emory Children's Center - Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322-1014
Emory University School of Medicine - Emory Children's Center - Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa - Infectious Disease Clinic
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242-1009
United States, Maryland
University of Maryland School of Medicine - Center for Vaccine Development - Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201-1509
United States, Missouri
Saint Louis University - Center for Vaccine Development
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104-1015
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center - Infectious Diseases
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45231
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University - Pediatric - Infectious Diseases
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01164553     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-0018, N01AI80006C
Study First Received: July 15, 2010
Last Updated: April 25, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
influenza, pediatric, vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014