Now Available for Public Comment: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

Evaluation of Prucalopride in Male Subjects With Chronic Constipation.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shire
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01147926
First received: June 17, 2010
Last updated: August 29, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

This is a multi-centre, randomised, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial to evaluate the efficacy of prucalopride versus placebo over 12 weeks of treatment in male subjects with chronic constipation.

Furthermore the safety, tolerability, effect on quality of life and effect on symptoms of prucalopride will be assessed.


Condition Intervention Phase
Male Subjects With Chronic Constipation
Drug: placebo
Drug: prucalopride
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 12-week, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy, Quality of Life, Safety and Tolerability of Prucalopride in Male Subjects With Chronic Constipation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Shire:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Percentage of Subjects With an Average of ≥3 Spontaneous Complete Bowel Movements (SCBM) Per Week [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Spontaneous Bowel Movements defined as a bowel movement that is not preceded within a period of 24 hours by the intake of a laxative agent or by the use of an enema.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Subjects With an Average Weekly Frequency of at Least 3 SCBM Per Week and an Increase of ≥ 1 SCBM Per Week for ≥ 75% of the 12-week Treatment Period and ≥ 75% of the Last Third of the 12-week Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Subjects With an Increase of at Least 1 SCBM Per Week [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • SCBM Per Week [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percent SBM With a Consistency of Normal and Hard/Very Hard [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Consistency measured using the 7-point Bristol scale where 1-2 indicate constipation (=hard/very hard), 3-4 are ideal stools (=normal), and 5-7 tending toward diarrhea.

  • Percent SCBM With No Straining and Severe/Very Severe Straining [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Straining was evaluated on a 5-point scale (0=none, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe, or 4=very severe)

  • Percent SBM With Sensation of Complete Evacuation [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to First SCBM After Investigational Product Intake on Day 1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Bisacodyl Tablets Taken Per Week [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Days With Rescue Medication Taken Per Week [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percent of Subjects With an Improvement of ≥ 1 Point on the Patient Assessment of Constipation - Symptom (PAC-SYM) Questionnaire Total Score at Final On Treatment Assessment [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PAC-SYM is a validated 12-item questionnaire for the evaluation of severity of symptoms of constipation in subjects with constipation. Items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale: 0=absent, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe, 4=very severe. Total score ranges from 0 to 48. Lower scores indicate improvement in symptoms. A 1-point improvement in PAC-SYM total score was considered clinically meaningful.

  • Percent of Subjects With an Improvement of ≥ 1 Point on the Patient Assessment of Constipation - Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) Total Score at Final On Treatment Assessment [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PAC-QOL is a validated 28-item questionnaire for the evaluation of quality of life in subjects with constipation. Items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale: 0=not at all/none of the time, 1=a little bit/a little bit of the time, 2=moderately/some of the time, 3=quite a bit/most of the time, 4=extremely/all of the time. Total score ranges from 0-112. Lower scores indicate improvement in symptoms. A 1-point improvement in PAC-QOL total score was considered clinically meaningful.

  • Percent of Subjects on the Subject Global Evaluation on Severity of Constipation Score Rating Constipation as Severe to Very Severe at Final On-Treatment Assessment [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Subject was asked to rate the severity of his constipation using a 5-point Likert scale: 0=absent, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe, 4=very severe

  • Percent of Subjects on the Subject Global Evaluation on Efficacy of Treatment Score Rating Treatment as Quite a Bit to Extremely Effective at Final On-Treatment Assessment [ Time Frame: Over 12 week treatment period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The subject was asked to rate his global evaluation of the efficacy of treatment using the following 5-point scale:

    0=not at all effective

    1. a little bit effective
    2. moderately effective
    3. quite a bit effective
    4. extremely effective.


Enrollment: 374
Study Start Date: September 2010
Study Completion Date: October 2013
Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo
Drug: placebo
2 or 1 mg placebo
Active Comparator: Prucalopride
1 mg or 2 mg
Drug: prucalopride

2 mg for subjects >18 to <65 years;

1 mg for subjects >65 years; in case of insufficient response 2 mg at week 2 or week 4


Detailed Description:

In this phase III trial subjects will be screened and enter a 2-week run-in period (or a 3-week run-in period if the subject is using agents that influence bowel habit) during which the presence of constipation will be confirmed [the subject will complete an electronic daily diary (e-diary)]. At the start of run-in, all existing laxative medication will be withdrawn and subjects will be instructed not to change their diet or lifestyle during the trial. Subjects will be allowed to take a laxative [Dulcolax (bisacodyl)] as rescue medication during the trial, but only if they have not had a bowel movement (BM) for 3 or more consecutive days. An enema can only be used after unsuccessful use of Dulcolax (bisacodyl). No Dulcolax (bisacodyl) should be taken or enemas used between 48 hours before and 48 hours after the first intake of study medication.

After the run-in subjects will be randomly assigned to placebo or prucalopride in an equal ratio (1:1) if the subject fulfils the constipation criteria for inclusion. Randomisation will be stratified by country and by the average number of complete bowel movements (CBM) during run-in: 0 CBM/week and >0 CBM/week.

Adult subjects (i.e. subjects ≥18 to <65 years of age) will take 2 mg prucalopride or matching placebo once daily before breakfast during the entire 12-week treatment period. Elderly subjects (i.e. subjects ≥65 years of age) will start at a dose of 1 mg prucalopride or matching placebo once daily before breakfast. In case of insufficient response, defined as an average of <3 spontaneous complete bowel movements (SCBM)/week during the preceding 2 weeks of treatment (i.e. since the previous visit) at Week 2 or Week 4, the daily dose has to be increased to 2 mg (or matching placebo). Once the dose is increased to 2 mg once daily the subject will stay on this dose for the remainder of the trial. After Week 4 (Visit 4) no changes in dose are allowed anymore.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject is a male out-patient ≥18 years of age (no upper age limit).
  2. Subject has a history of constipation. The subject reports an average of ≤2 SBM/week that result in a feeling of complete evacuation (SCBM) and one or more of the following for at least 6 months before the selection visit:

    1. Very hard (little balls) and/or hard stools for at least a quarter of the stools;
    2. Sensation of incomplete evacuation following for at least a quarter of the stools;
    3. Straining at defecation for at least a quarter of the time. This includes subjects who never have SBMs. The above criteria are only applicable for SBMs, i.e. BMs not preceded within a period of 24 hours by the intake of a laxative agent or by the use of an enema.
  3. Subject agrees to stop his current laxative treatment and is willing to use rescue medication according to the rescue rule [Dulcolax® (bisacodyl)/enemas]
  4. Subject's constipation is chronic.
  5. Subject is able and willing to complete the questionnaires (if a validated version in the language of the subject is available) and the e-diary.
  6. Subject voluntarily signs the written Informed Consent Form (ICF) in accordance with the regional laws/regulations, prior to the first trial-related activity.
  7. Subject is willing to adhere to all trial requirements (amongst others colonoscopy/sigmoidoscopy, if required).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects in whom constipation is thought to be drug-induced.
  2. Subjects using any disallowed medication
  3. Subjects suffering from secondary causes of chronic constipation, such as:

    Endocrine disorders, e.g. hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, hypercalcaemia, pseudohypoparathyroidism, pheochromocytoma or glucagon-producing tumours, unless these are controlled by appropriate medical therapy. Subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus should always be excluded, also if the subjects are under appropriate medical therapy; Metabolic disorders (e.g. porphyria, uraemia, hypokalaemia or amyloid neuropathy, unless these are controlled by appropriate medical therapy); Neurological disorders (e.g. Parkinson's disease, cerebral tumours, cerebrovascular accidents, multiple sclerosis, meningocele, aganglionosis, hypoganglionosis, hyperganglionosis, autonomic neuropathy or neuropathy due to chemotherapy, spinal cord injury, Chaga's disease, major depression); Surgery. Subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus should always be excluded, irrespective of whether the constipation started prior to or after the onset of diabetes.

  4. Subjects with a significant history of cancer (i.e. less than a 5-year disease-free survival).
  5. Subjects with intestinal perforation or obstruction due to structural or functional disorder of the gut wall, obstructive ileus, severe inflammatory conditions of the intestinal tract, such as Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis and toxic megacolon/megarectum. Results of an endoscopy or radiologic bowel evaluation is required to rule out polyps, cancer, stricture or other structural or organic disease:

    1. For patients ≤ 50 years: a flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy after the onset of constipation symptoms and within the previous 5 years;
    2. For patients > 50 years: a flexible sigmoidoscopy /double contrast barium enema or colonoscopy after the onset of constipation symptoms and within the previous 5 years.
    3. For subjects, regardless of age, even if results of this test are available within the previous 5 years but if the patient has alarm symptoms such as anemia, weight loss, heme positive stool, or rectal bleeding: a flexible sigmoidoscopy and double contrast barium enema or colonoscopy is needed after the onset of symptoms.
    4. If abnormalities have been detected during the sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy e.g., because of polyps, the subject can be included in the trial if the polyps were removed. If clinically indicated, a repeat colonoscopy/sigmoidoscopy needs to be performed at latest within one week after the screening visit. If no barium enema with flexible sigmoidoscopy or a colonoscopic examination has been performed within the period as described above, the assessment is to be scheduled on the screening visit or within the week following screening. When it is clinically indicated that a repeat colonoscopy/sigmoidoscopy is needed to confirm results of a colonoscopy/sigmoidoscopy performed after the screening visit, the subject should be a screen failure.
  6. Subjects with known serious illness: clinically significant cardiac, vascular, liver, pulmonary, or psychiatric disorders (as evaluated by the Investigator).
  7. Subjects with any condition that in the opinion of the Investigator would complicate or compromise the trial or the well-being of the subject or evidence of clinically relevant pathology that could interfere with the trial results or put the subject's safety at risk.
  8. Subjects known to have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or AIDS, hepatitis B or hepatitis C.
  9. Subjects with impaired renal function, i.e. serum creatinine concentration >180 μmol/l or calculated creatinine clearance ≤30 ml/min, including subjects requiring dialysis.
  10. Subjects with clinically significant abnormalities of haematology, urinalysis, or blood chemistry as determined by the Investigator. If the results of the haematology, biochemistry or urinalysis tests are not within the laboratory's reference ranges, the subject can be included only on the condition that the Investigator judges that the deviations are not clinically significant. This should be clearly recorded in the electronic Case Report Form (e-CRF).
  11. Subjects with a known history of alcohol or drug abuse in the previous 6 months.
  12. Subjects with lactose intolerance for whom it is expected that low doses of lactose can lead to diarrhoea, or a known allergy to ingredients or excipients of the trial medication.
  13. Subjects who received an investigational drug in the 30 days preceding the run-in period of the trial.
  14. Subjects who previously used prucalopride.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01147926

  Show 73 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Shire
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Shire
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01147926     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SPD555-302, M0001-C302, 2009-015719-42
Study First Received: June 17, 2010
Results First Received: August 29, 2014
Last Updated: August 29, 2014
Health Authority: Belgium: Federal Agency for Medicinal Products and Health Products
Bulgaria: Bulgarian Drug Agency
Czech Republic: State Institute for Drug Control
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices
Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)
Poland: Office for Registration of Medicinal Products, Medical Devices and Biocidal Products
Romania: National Medicines Agency
United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Keywords provided by Shire:
Constipation
Male

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Constipation
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014