Secondhand Smoke Exposure Reduction Study
The high prevalence of smoking in adults in many developing countries (e.g. in China, 61% among men and 7% among women) results in many children being exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS). Although in 2001 the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended the promotion of proper smoking hygiene, (i.e. smoking away from the immediate environment of infants and children), similar recommendations in many developing countries are either scarce or non-existent. We hypothesize that implementation of a package of smoking hygiene intervention measures delivered by community health workers (CHWs) will reduce Chinese children's exposure to SHS and improve their respiratory health.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Reducing Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Young Children in Shanghai, China|
- improvement of smoking hygiene practices within the household as reported by the subjects [ Time Frame: at 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The main outcome measures are: improvement of smoking hygiene practices within the household as reported by the subjects (i.e. reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked indoors at home while a child was present during the previous week) and reduction in children's cotinine concentrations in urine at 6- month follow up.
|Study Start Date:||October 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Behavioral: smoking hygiene intervention