Trial of a Medical and Mental Health Unit for Older People (TEAM)
This research is an evaluation of the MMHU compared to standard care. Patients who are over 65 and 'confused' at admission will be randomly allocated to the MMHU or standard care. The MMHU does not have capacity for all confused older patients admitted to NUH, and random allocation is similar to what happens in practice currently. For this study, 480 of these patients will be recruited, together with a carer (240 from the MMHU, 240 from standard care wards). The investigators will collect baseline information about the patient participant's physical and mental health and disability.
The investigators will count the total days spent at home and measure patient participants' health status after 3 months, and use of resources over six months. Carer strain and quality of life will be measured at baseline and follow up.
Behavioral: A specialist medical and mental health unit
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Evaluation of a Medical and Mental Health Unit Compared With Standard Care for Older People Whose Emergency Admission to an Acute General Hospital is Complicated by Concurrent 'Confusion'.|
- Number of days at home in the 3 months after randomisation [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The primary outcome will be number of days spent at home in the three months following recruitment (or remaining in a care home for those previously resident at recruitment). This encompasses mortality, discharge, length of hospital stay, and ability to sustain discharge and avoid readmission. 'Days at home' will be calculated as 90 days minus the nuimber of days spent dead, in residential intermediate care units, in hospital, in respite care or in a new care home placement at a higher level of dependency.
- Quality of life [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Dementia quality of life (Demqol, patient and proxy) and generic quality of life (Euroqol EQ5D).
- Behavioural disability [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Neuropsychiatric inventory.
- Mortality [ Time Frame: 3 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Personal activities of daily living [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Barthel ADL Index
- Participant / generic disability [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]short London Handicap Scale
- Cognition [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]MMSE, in particular to detect recovery of delirium
- Carer satisfaction with hospital care [ Time Frame: 1-3 weeks post discharge from index admission ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Satisfaction with care received questionnaire
- Carer strain and general health [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Carer strain index and carer general health questionnaire GHQ-12.
- Service Outcomes [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Days in each type of ward. Hospital re-admissions, and total hospital length of stay. New institutionalisation (or moving to a higher level of dependency for those in a care home) Days in a care home (including respite care) GP visits, and use of other primary care contacts (district nurse, community matron, practice nurse) Hospital appointments Attendances at physical and mental health day hospitals Contact with community mental health teams (including community psychiatric nursing) Use of ambulance service Use of social service home care and day centres.
- Quality of care and patient experience on the ward [ Time Frame: During hospital stay. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Quality of care and patient experience will be measured using Dementia Care Mapping on both the MMHU and standard care. Dementia Care Mapping provides a structured record of activity levels, mood and engagement of participants and the quality of staff interactions over a 4-6 hour period.
- Health and social care costs [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Service outcomes will be costed using specific costs where available or standard reference costs otherwise.
|Study Start Date:||July 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Behavioral: A specialist medical and mental health unit
The objectives of this study are:
- To evaluate whether a specialist multidisciplinary MMHU for older people with 'confusion', admitted to a general hospital as an emergency, is associated with better outcomes than standard care.
- To study the quality of care on the MMHU compared with standard care
- To perform a health economic analysis, from the perspective of health and social care.
The principal hypotheses being tested are:
- That care on the MMHU is associated with more days spent at home (in the 3 months after recruitment) than care on standard wards
- That care on the MMHU is associated with better health status measured at 3 months, in terms of quality of life, behavioural disturbance, cognitive function, disability, participation, mortality and care home residence.
- That care on the MMHU is associated with better psychological well being amongst carers and reduced carer strain compared with standard care.
- That the quality of care and patient experience for patients on the MMHU is superior to that on standard care wards.
- That care on the MMHU is cost-effective compared with that on standard care wards.
The setting for the study is a large NHS acute teaching hospital organisation with 2 campuses (Queens Medical Centre and City Hospital), comprising 1800 beds, serving a population of 700 000 for general hospital services.
Sample size is determined by available resources. 240 patients randomised to the MMHU unit over 24 months, and an equal number of controls, should be sufficient to measure, with 80% power, a 3 to 6-day reduction in length of stay, and 15% increase in the proportion of participants discharged home (e.g. 50% to 65%). Power will be greater for scaled outcomes, and the 'days at home' outcome.
The main study will run for up to 24 months from July 2010. Follow up will be 3 months after randomisation.
Prior to trial commencement we will run 1 or 2 short pilot studies, during which we will test the recruitment and ward allocation processes.
The study is designed to be robust, despite being constrained by the operational needs of the clinical service, and both service and research capacity.
The NHS Trust clinical service has agreed that, for the duration of the study, allocation to the MMHU will be by randomisation. This is not part of the research, but represents clinical service support for it. Potential participants will be identified by the Acute Medical Unit, on simple criteria (''confused', over 65'). The MMHU will confirm clinical eligibility and complete a screening log. If there is a bed available on MMHU the patient will be randomised using an internet based randomisation system (with stratification on care home residence), and the patient assigned to MMHU or a standard care ward. Non-randomised patients can be referred, and, if appropriate, randomised, later in their hospital stay.
Research eligible patients and carers will be invited to participate in research, once on their allocated ward. Consent and participation will be for data collection, observation of care, and follow up only. Excluded patients will continue on their allocated ward outside the trial.
|Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust|
|Nottingham, United Kingdom, NG7 2UH|
|Principal Investigator:||John R Gladman||University of Nottingham|