Prospective Randomized Comparative Study of Cell Transfer Therapy Using CD8+-Enriched Short-Term Cultured Anti-Tumor Autologous Lymphocytes Following a Non-Myeloablative Lymphocyte Depleting Chemotherapy Regimen Compared to High-Dose Aldesleukin in M...

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Steven Rosenberg, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01118091
First received: May 5, 2010
Last updated: May 29, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
  Purpose

Background:

- Adoptive cell therapy involves taking white blood cells called lymphocytes from patients' tumors, growing them in the laboratory in large numbers, and then giving the cells back to the patient to allow the cells to attack the tumor. Because this process is lengthy and difficult to perform, researchers have been developing improved means of performing adoptive cell therapy. Researchers are now interested in comparing adoptive cell therapy with the standard treatment for metastatic melanoma (skin cancer).

Objectives:

- To compare the effectiveness of adoptive cell therapy with standard high-dose aldesleukin as a treatment for metastatic melanoma.

Eligibility:

  • Individuals 18 years of age or older who have been diagnosed with metastatic melanoma and have not previously received aldesleukin therapy or cell therapy for their disease.
  • Participants must have at least one tumor that can be easily removed as part of the treatment procedure.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with a full medical history, physical examination, blood and urine tests, and imaging scans to evaluate tumor size and treatment options.
  • Participants will be separated into two groups, in which one group will have adoptive cell therapy and one will have aldesleukin treatment.
  • Adoptive Cell Therapy

    • Participants will have a tumor sample taken in order to collect white blood cells for treatment. Participants whose tumors do not provide sufficient white blood cells may be switched to the aldesleukin-only treatment group.
    • The white blood cells will be grown in the laboratory for several weeks.
    • Prior to receiving cell therapy, participants will receive chemotherapy for 7 days to improve the chances of successful treatment.
    • Participants will have cell therapy followed by high-dose aldesleukin treatment every 8 hours for up to 5 days. This treatment will be followed by 1 to 2 weeks of recovery time as an inpatient at the clinical center.
    • Participants will be evaluated at 12 weeks following the start of the study, every 2 to 3 months for the first year, every 6 months for the next 5years, and then yearly thereafter..
  • Standard Aldesleukin Treatment

    • Participants will have high-dose aldesleukin treatment every 8 hours for up to 5 days (one cycle of treatment), and will have a second cycle of treatment 7 to 10 days after the first cycle.
    • If tests show that the tumors have grown, participants will be offered the chance to have additional cycles of aldesleukin, or begin a cell therapy treatment.
  • Participants will be evaluated at 12 weeks following the start of the study, every 2 to 3 months for the first year, every 6 months for the next 5years, and then yearly thereafter.

Condition Intervention Phase
Skin Cancer
Melanoma
Metastatic Melanoma
Biological: Aldesleukin
Biological: CD8 enriched Young TIL
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective Randomized Comparative Study of Cell Transfer Therapy Using Short-Term Cultured Anti-Tumor Autologous Lymphocytes Following a Non-Myeloablative Lymphocyte Depleting Chemotherapy Regimen Compared to High-dose Aldesleukin in Metastatic Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response Rate [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Response was assessed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria. Complete response (CR) is the disappearance of all target lesions. Partial response (PR) is at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter (LD) of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum LD. Progressive disease (PD) is at least a 20% increase in the sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions. Stable disease (SD) is neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD taking as references the smallest sum LD.

  • Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measured from the time of randomization to time of progression (or death).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicity [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Here is the number of participants with adverse events. For a detailed list of adverse events see the adverse event module.


Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: April 2010
Study Completion Date: April 2012
Primary Completion Date: April 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm 1-Aldesleukin
Aldesleukin 720,000 IU/kg IV over 15 minute every eight hours and continuing for up to 5 days (maximum of 15 doses). Patients will receive one additional cycle of aldesleukin approximately 10-14 days after completion of the first cycle of aldesleukin.
Biological: Aldesleukin
Aldesleukin 720,000 IU/kg IV over 15 minute every eight hours and continuing for up to 5 days (maximum of 15 doses). Patients will receive one additional cycle of aldesleukin approximately 10-14 days after completion of the first cycle of aldesleukin.
Experimental: Arm 2 - Adoptive cell therapy
Adoptive Cell Therapy consisting of the lymphocyte depleting preparative regimen consisting of fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, followed by infusion of between 1x10^9 to 2x10^11 CD8+ enriched tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (minimum of 5 x10^8) and the administration of high-dose aldesleukin.
Biological: CD8 enriched Young TIL
Adoptive Cell Therapy consisting of the lymphocyte depleting preparative regimen consisting of fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, followed by infusion of between 1x10^9 to 2x10^11 CD8+ enriched tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (minimum of 5 x 10^8) and the administration of high-dose aldesleukin.

Detailed Description:

Background:

  • Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TIL) can mediate the regression of bulky metastatic melanoma when administered to the autologous patient along with high-dose aldesleukin (IL-2) following a non-myeloablative lymphodepleting chemotherapy preparative regimen.
  • Although this adoptive cell therapy (ACT) has been shown capable of mediating objective clinical responses in patients with metastatic melanoma, including patients who have previously been treated with aldesleukin or chemotherapy, the treatment is only available in the Surgery Branch, National Cancer Institute (NCI) and in just one or two other institutions in the United States.
  • Despite our reports of the objective regressions in patients receiving adoptive cell therapy (ACT), doubts have been raised concerning the possible influence of patient selection bias that may have accounted for the increase in survival using ACT compared to historical controls.
  • ACT is a cumbersome and labor intensive procedure which has discouraged many from applying it. We have recently developed simplifications in the technique for generating TIL that are also capable of mediating objective responses.
  • To evaluate the efficacy of ACT we are now proposing a prospective randomized trial to compare this form of therapy with standard available treatment for patients with metastatic melanoma.

Objectives:

  • To determine, in a prospective randomized trial, the response rate and progression free survival of patients with metastatic melanoma receiving either ACT or standard high-dose aldesleukin treatment.
  • Survival rate will be evaluated as a secondary endpoint.
  • To determine the toxicity of these two treatment regimens.

Eligibility:

Patients who are 18 years of age or older must have:

  • Evaluable metastatic melanoma;
  • No prior treatment with high-dose aldesleukin (greater than or equal to 600,000 IU IL-2 q8h or the equivalent)
  • No contraindications to high-dose aldesleukin administration;
  • No concurrent major medical illnesses or any form of immunodeficiency;
  • Lesions of at least 2cm in diameter that can be surgically removed with minimal morbidity.

Design:

  • Prior to amendment D, patients with metastatic melanoma lesions that can be resected with minimal morbidity will be prospectively randomized to receive either ACT using CD8+ young TIL (arm 2) and aldesleukin (arm 1) following a non-myeloablative chemotherapy preparative regimen, or will receive standard high-dose aldesleukin therapy.
  • With the approval of amendment D, arm 1 and 2 will be closed, and two new arms will be opened. Patients with metastatic melanoma lesions that can be resected with minimal morbidity will be prospectively randomized to receive either ACT using young TIL (arm 4) and aldesleukin (arm 3) following a non-myeloablative chemotherapy preparative regimen, or will receive standard high-dose aldesleukin therapy.
  • Response rate and time to progression will be evaluated for all patients on an intent-to-treat basis.
  • Patients may crossover to the other treatment arm after progressive disease is documented by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria, if still eligible.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. Measurable metastatic melanoma with at least one lesion that is resectable for tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) generation. The lesion must be of at least 2cm in diameter that can be surgically removed with minimal morbidity (defined as any operation for which expected hospitalization is less than or equal to 7 days).
    2. Patients with 3 or less brain metastases are eligible. Note: If lesions are symptomatic or greater than or equal to 1 cm each, these lesions must have been treated and stable for 3 months for the patient to be eligible.
    3. No prior high-dose aldesleukin therapy at a dose of greater than or equal to 600,000 IU/kg.
    4. Greater than or equal to 18 years of age.
    5. Willing to practice birth control during treatment and for four months after receiving all protocol related therapy.
    6. Life expectancy of greater than three months.
    7. Willing to sign a durable power of attorney.
    8. Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document.
    9. Clinical performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0 or 1.
    10. Hematology:
  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm^3 without support of filgrastim
  • Normal White blood cell (WBC) (> 3000/mm^3).
  • Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dl
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3

    k. Serology:

  • Seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune competence and thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
  • Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen, or hepatitis C antibody or antigen.

    l. Chemistry:

  • Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less than three times the upper limit of normal.
  • Calculated creatinine clearance estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR) > 50 ml/min.
  • Total bilirubin less than or equal to 2 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert's Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3 mg/dl.

    m. More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the time of randomization, and patients' toxicities must have recovered to a grade 1 or less (except for alopecia or vitiligo). Patients must have stable or progressing disease after prior treatment. Patients may have undergone minor surgical procedures within the past 3 weeks, as long as all toxicities have recovered to grade 1 or less or as specified in the eligibility criteria.

    n. Six weeks must have elapsed since any prior anti-CTLA4 antibody therapy to allow antibody levels to decline.

    o. Patients who have previously received any cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (anti-CTLA4) antibody and have documented gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity must have a normal colonoscopy with normal colonic biopsies.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Prior cell transfer therapy which included a non-myeloablative or myeloablative chemotherapy regimen.
  2. Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy on the fetus or infant.
  3. Systemic steroid therapy requirement.
  4. Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other active major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, as evidenced by a positive stress thallium or comparable test, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease.
  5. Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)).
  6. Opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
  7. History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study.
  8. History of coronary revascularization or ischemic symptoms.
  9. Any patient known to have an left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than or equal to 45%.
  10. In patients > 60 years old, documented LVEF of less than or equal to 45%.
  11. Documented forced expiratory volume 1 (FEV1) less than or equal to 60% predicted tested in patients with:

    • A prolonged history of cigarette smoking
    • Symptoms of respiratory dysfunction
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01118091

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ramaprasad Srinivasan, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Steven Rosenberg, M.D., Principal investigator, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01118091     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 100117, 10-C-0117
Study First Received: May 5, 2010
Results First Received: November 9, 2012
Last Updated: May 29, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Immunotherapy
Metastatic Melanoma
Randomized
Cell Therapy
Skin Cancer
Melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Skin Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Aldesleukin
Interleukin-2
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014