Dosing Regimen of Eculizumab Added to Conventional Treatment in Positive Crossmatch Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant
The purpose of this study is to test whether a dosing regimen of eculizumab in addition to standard posttransplant care in positive crossmatch deceased donor kidney transplant recipients will reduce the incidence of acute humoral rejection (AHR).
Patients included in this study will be those who have demonstrable anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibody specific for their deceased donor. It is our hypothesis that blockade of terminal complement activation with eculizumab at the time of transplant in combination with our current protocols will reduce the incidence of AHR in recipients of deceased donor kidney transplants who have anti-donor HLA antibody
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||A Single Center, Open-label Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of a Dosing Regimen of Eculizumab Added to Conventional Treatment in the Prevention of Acute Humoral Rejection (AHR) in Positive Crossmatch Deceased Donor Kidney Transplantation (+XMatch DDKTx)|
- Number of subjects with acute humoral rejection (AHR) up to one year post transplant. [ Time Frame: 1 year posttransplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Diagnosis of AHR will be based histological findings using Banff '05 criteria.
|Study Start Date:||March 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
A strongly positive crossmatch has long been considered an absolute contraindication to kidney transplantation and most patients with anti-HLA antibody never were able to receive a kidney transplant. Over the past decade, significant progress has been made in overcoming early antibody-mediated renal allograft injury. Despite our best efforts, transplantation in these patients is still complicated by a high rate of acute humoral rejection.
While we have successfully transplanted more than 250 patients with DSA using living donors, applying these protocols to recipients of deceased donors has been problematic. This primarily is due to the fact that in contrast to living donation, the timing of a deceased donor kidney transplant cannot be planned. This leads to inadequate time to perform the multiple pretransplant plasmapheresis treatments needed to achieve a safe level of DSA at transplant. Thus, there is a major unmet need to develop therapy that will allow for the successful transplantation of deceased donor kidneys in recipients who have DSA.