A Multifaceted Prompting Intervention for Urban Children With Asthma (PAIR-UP)
The overall goal of this project is to evaluate whether a multifaceted prompting intervention, administered in the urban primary care office setting, reduces morbidity among urban children with asthma. This study builds on our experience with a pilot study in two urban continuity clinics, in which we found that prompting clinicians about asthma severity and care guidelines at the time of an office visit resulted in improved preventive care delivery to inner-city children. This type of prompting program has the potential to substantially improve care for impoverished children with asthma, and we propose to establish: 1) whether these findings can be replicated in a similar study including a larger sample of urban children from different types of practices, and 2) whether the positive effects can be enhanced by more specific prompting directed towards both the provider and the caregiver and by providing practice-level supports and feedback. We hypothesize that children receiving a multifaceted prompting intervention (MPI) will experience less asthma-related morbidity (defined by symptom-free days at the 2-month follow-up) compared to children receiving usual care. Our secondary hypothesis is that children receiving the MPI will receive improved preventive asthma care (defined by guideline-based corrective actions taken at the index visit) compared to children receiving usual care.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||A Multifaceted Prompting Intervention for Urban Children With Asthma|
- Symptom Free Days [ Time Frame: 2 month follow-up assessment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The primary outcome is asthma morbidity measured by the number of symptom-free asthma days (SFD) reported over 2 weeks at the 2-month follow-up assessment.
- Number of children who received guideline-based asthma care during the intervention visit. [ Time Frame: 2 week follow-up, and medical record review ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The number of children who received guideline-based asthma care (eg: inhaled steroid prescription, counseling for triggers, counseling for adherence) at the intervention visit based on parent interview at the 2-week follow-up and medical record review.
|Study Start Date:||October 2008|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Standard Care
Parents of children in the standard care group will complete the baseline assessment, but no asthma prompt will be created for either the caregiver or provider, and no information regarding the interview will be shared with the provider. After the baseline assessment, the office visit will proceed according to usual care.
Multifaceted Prompting Intervention
Behavioral: Multifaceted Prompting Intervention MPI
Practices assigned to the MPI group will receive a simple prompt given to the provider at the time of the visit with information regarding the child's symptoms, medication use, environmental exposures, and recommendations for guideline-based preventive care. Practices will receive brief interactive seminars, resource guides, access to free asthma education programs, and practice-level feedback regarding their performance on key outcome measures.
Caregivers will receive a simple prompt, community resources, and a blank asthma action plan form.
|United States, New York|
|University of Rochester|
|Rochester, New York, United States, 14642|
|Principal Investigator:||Jill S. Halterman, MD, MPH||University of Rochester|