Amisulpride Augmentation Therapy for Clozapine-resistant Schizophrenic Patients (M1106)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01105481
First received: March 31, 2010
Last updated: April 14, 2010
Last verified: April 2010
  Purpose

This study includes two main components: the first screening phase and the second clinical intervention phase. During the screening phase, subjects with poor response to clozapine are carefully evaluated by chart-review and clinical assessment. Via chart-review, clinical data of diagnosis, disease course and previous treatment outcome, and concomitant psychotropic agents are obtained. Clinical phenomenology, including psychopathology, psychotic and mood symptoms severity and side effect of psychotropic medication are assessed by clinical interview and observation, which are conducted by experienced clinicians. Blood sample will be also obtained from the subjects for measuring the baseline clozapine drug level and extracting DNA for further analysis. Subjects fulfilling the criteria of treatment-resistant schizophrenia with poor response to adequate dose and duration of clozapine treatment are eligible for the clinical trial phase of 14-week randomized, placebo-controlled amisulpride add-on study. In this phase, subjects are randomly allocated to amisulpride augmentation treatment group and placebo treatment group. Subjects in the former group will receive clozapine and amisulpride combination treatment, while in the latter group will receive clozapine and placebo. Outcomes of clinical efficacy and safety are carefully evaluated by experienced and well-trained research stuffs in the 14 weeks of clinical study period.

All of the above studies will be conducted in four hospitals, including DOH Bali Psychiatric Hospital, DOH Tao-yan Psychiatric hospital, and the Ju-Shang Psychiatric Hospital. Subjects will be recruited from the chronic in-patient settings from these three hospitals.


Condition Intervention Phase
Treatment-resistant Schizophrenia
Drug: Amisulpride add-on
Drug: Placebo add-on
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Amisulpride Augmentation Therapy for Clozapine-resistant Schizophrenic Patients: A 14-week Randomized, Double-blind and Placebo-controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Positive and Negative Symptom Scale(PANSS) total score change [ Time Frame: 12 wks after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change from baseline of the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) total score.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) positive-symptom subscale score [ Time Frame: 12 wks after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change from baseline of the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) positive-symptom subscale score (sum of item P1 to P7)

  • Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) negative-symptom subscale score [ Time Frame: 12 wks after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change from baseline of the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) negative-symptom subscale score (sum of item N1 to N7)

  • Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) general psychopathology score [ Time Frame: 12 wks after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change from baseline of the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) general psychopathology subscale score (sum of item G1 to G14)

  • Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) scale score [ Time Frame: 12 wks after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change from baseline of the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) scale score

  • Brief Psychotic Rating Scale (BPRS) total score [ Time Frame: 12 wks after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change from baseline of the Brief Psychotic Rating Scale (BPRS) score


Enrollment: 273
Study Start Date: May 2006
Study Completion Date: June 2008
Primary Completion Date: March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: amisulpride add-on Drug: Amisulpride add-on
At the beginning of the treatment phase (day 1), subjects in the combination treatment group will be started with adjunctive amisulpride, with a starting dose of 200 mg per day. Amisulpride is planned to increase to 400 mg/day on day 8, 600mg/day on day 15 and 800 mg/day on day 22, according to the subjects' responses and tolerability. All of the add-on amisulpride will be provided to subjects at night. To permit dose adjustment and ensure double-blind procedure, 200mg amisulpride is packed in capsules identical to those used for the placebo.
Placebo Comparator: placebo add-on Drug: Placebo add-on
For subjects randomly allocated to the placebo treatment group, they will be added with one capsule of placebo from Day 1. On Day 8, Day 15 and Day 22, the placebo will be increased to 2, 3 and 4 capsules, respectively. and adjunctive amisulpride, with a starting dose of 200 mg per day. Amisulpride is planned to increase to 400 mg/day on day 8, 600mg/day on day 15 and 800 mg/day on day 22, according to the subjects' responses and tolerability. To permit dose adjustment and ensure double-blind procedure, 200mg amisulpride is packed in capsules identical to those used for the placebo.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • DSM-IV diagnosed schizophrenic patients;
  • Age between 18 and 60;
  • Before treatment with clozapine, documented treatment failure of two antipsychotics for an adequate duration of 6 weeks and in a sufficient dose of 600 mg/day of chlorpromazine equivalents;
  • Documented failure to show a satisfactory clinical response to an adequate clozapine treatment, defined as at least clozapine 300 mg/day for 3 months or a plasma drug level of 350ng/ml;
  • At least moderately ill, defined as with a Clinical Global Impression (CGI) greater than 4 or PANSS total score greater than 75;
  • Persistent positive psychotic symptoms, with rating scores of moderate or worse on at least two of four positive symptom items (delusion, conceptual disorganization, hallucinatory behavior, and suspiciousness/persecution) on Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS);

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with concomitant treatment with lithium, anti-convulsants, antidepressants and other antipsychotic medication ;
  • Patients with underlying severe medical illness, such as cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, bone marrow suppression or epilepsy;
  • Patients with comorbid diagnosis of substance dependence;
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01105481

Locations
Taiwan
Bali Psychiatric Center
Taipei County, Taiwan
Departments of Psychiatry, Tao-yuan Psychiatric Center
Tao-Yuan, Taiwan
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sheng-Chang Wang, M.D.,M.Sc. National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Dr. Sheng-Chang Wang, Division of Mental Health and Addiction Medicine, National Health Research Instiutes, Taiwan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01105481     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: M1106
Study First Received: March 31, 2010
Last Updated: April 14, 2010
Health Authority: Taiwan: National Health Research Institutes

Keywords provided by National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan:
treatment-resistant schizophrenia
clozapine
amisulpride

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Mental Disorders
Clozapine
Sultopride
Sulpiride
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Psychotropic Drugs
GABA Antagonists
GABA Agents
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014