Stepping up to Health - for Veterans With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of an internet-mediated pedometer based intervention that is designed to increase walking and improve function among veterans with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The Specific Aims are: 1) to test the effectiveness of an automated internet-mediated walking program for veterans with COPD with a primary outcome of improvement in health-related quality of life at four-months and at one year in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a wait list control. 2) to estimate the effect of internet-mediated walking program for veterans with COPD on all cause days of hospitalization over one year following randomization. 3) to compare intervention reach, participation and satisfaction outcomes between rural and urban veterans among those randomized to the intervention arm. The long-term objective of this research is to develop, evaluate and disseminate effective, low-cost interventions that improve quality of life for veterans, particularly rural veterans, managing complex chronic conditions.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Behavioral: automated internet-mediated walking program
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Effectiveness of an Automated Walking Program Targeting Veterans With COPD|
- Self-Reported Respiratory-Specific Quality of Life [ Time Frame: assessments taken at four months and twelve months from randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Self Reported Dyspnea [ Time Frame: four months and twelve months from enrollment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Days of Hospitalization [ Time Frame: assessed at twelve months from enrollment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Increase in Average Daily Step Counts [ Time Frame: during the final month of the intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Goal Commitment, Intervention Reach, Participant Retention, Participant Satisfaction & Adverse Events Rates [ Time Frame: four months and twelve months from enrollment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
participants in the intervention arm are asked to participate in a walking program
Behavioral: automated internet-mediated walking program
intervention participants are encouraged to walk daily to their step-count goal while wearing a pedometer provided by the study that will measure their daily step-counts. They are also encouraged to log into their personally tailored website to upload their step counts and obtain other information about the study and progress
Low levels of physical activity are common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and a sedentary lifestyle is associated with poor outcomes including increased mortality, frequent hospitalizations, and poor health-related quality of life. Individuals with COPD who undergo a facility-based, exercise-focused pulmonary rehabilitation program experience significant improvements in health related quality of life, dyspnea, and exercise tolerance as well as reduced rates of hospitalization. Unfortunately, only a small percent of individuals with COPD who could benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation have access to and participate in such programs. Moreover, the benefits of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation programs tend to diminish rapidly after the program ends. Rural veterans are less likely to have access to facility-based pulmonary rehabilitation than urban veterans. Health related quality of life in rural veterans with COPD is significantly worse than for veterans with COPD who live in urban areas.
The primary objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of an Internet-mediated, pedometer-based intervention designed to increase walking and health related quality of life for Veterans with COPD. The specific aims of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a wait list control were: 1) To test the effectiveness of an automated internet-mediated walking program for veterans with COPD with a primary outcome of improvement in health related quality of life at four months and at one year; 2) to estimate the effect of the internet-mediated walking program for veterans with COPD on all cause days of hospitalization over one year following randomization; and 3) to compare intervention reach, participation and satisfaction outcomes between rural and urban veterans among those randomized to the intervention arm.
Participants were followed for 12 months to investigate the efficacy of the intervention in assisting patients with initiating and maintaining a regular walking program and improving health related quality of life. Eligible and consented patients wore a pedometer to obtain one week of baseline data and then were randomized on a 2:1 ratio to Taking Healthy Steps or to a wait list control. The intervention arm received iterative step-count feedback; individualized step-count goals, motivational and informational messages, and access to an online community. Wait list controls were notified that they were enrolled, but that their intervention would start in one year; however, they kept the pedometer and had access to a static webpage. Both groups completed on-line survey assessments at baseline, 4, and 12 months, and were asked to report adverse events on a regular basis. The primary outcome was changes in health related quality of life, as measured using the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), a disease-specific instrument in patients with COPD. Secondary outcomes included days of hospitalization during the one-year intervention period, changes in average daily steps as measured using the study pedometer, self-reported dyspnea, intervention reach, and adverse event rates. The analysis was conducted based [on the original randomized treatment assignment regardless of participation (an intent-to-treat analysis) and included both a complete case analysis as well as an all case analysis using a linear mixed-effects model. Between-group differences in change scores (4 months or 12 months) were estimated after adjusting for baseline values of the outcome variables.
This study is completed. Data analysis and manuscript preparation continue.
|United States, Michigan|
|VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System|
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48113-0170|
|Principal Investigator:||Caroline R Richardson, MD||VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System|