Study of Bendamustine Hydrochloride for the Treatment of Pediatric Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products, R&D Inc. )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01088984
First received: March 16, 2010
Last updated: September 24, 2014
Last verified: March 2013
  Purpose

The primary objective of phase 1 of this study is to establish the recommended phase II dose (RP2D). The primary objective of phase 2 of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of bendamustine at the recommended pediatric dose for the treatment of pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Drug: Bendamustine
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Study of Bendamustine Hydrochloride for the Treatment of Pediatric Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Recommended Phase II Dose (RP2D) of Bendamustine [ Time Frame: Induction Cycle (21- to 35-day cycle) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    RP2D was determined by a traditional 3+3 dose escalation design, with the following restrictions: only doses of 60, 90, 120, and 150 mg/m^2 were explored, and escalation to 150 mg/m^2 would only occur if the 120 mg/m^2 dose was deemed safe and pharmacokinetic data indicate subtherapeutic exposure as compared with adults. The first cohort was administered bendamustine at the 90 mg/m^2 dose; de-escalation to the 60 mg/m^2 dose would only occur if the starting dose led to dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) in 2 or more participants. A DLT was defined as any study drug-related nonhematologic adverse event (AE) that was grade 4 for toxicity by National Cancer Institute's Common Toxicity Criteria for AEs, version 4. In addition, grade 3 or above allergic reaction or skin rash were considered DLTs. Hematologic AEs were not considered DLTs. The dose level at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 participants had a DLT was considered as exceeding the RP2D. The RP2D was the dose 1 step below that level.

  • Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Assessed at each treatment cycle (21 to 35 days), for a maximum of 12 cycles ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    ORR was calculated as follows: number of participants in the primary analysis set achieving a best overall response of complete remission without platelet recovery (CRp) or complete remission (CR), divided by the number of participants in the primary analysis set. The most positive response for each patient during the study was counted. The 95% CI was calculated using binomial parameter exact method. Response was determined by the investigator, and evaluated per Jeha et al, 2006: A CR required no evidence of circulating blasts or extramedullary disease, an M1 marrow (≤ 5% bone marrow blasts), and recovery of peripheral counts (platelets ≥ 100 × 10^9/L and absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.0 × 10^9/L). A CR without platelet recovery (CRp) required all of the criteria for a CR with the exception of platelet recovery.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Best Overall Tumor Response Rate [ Time Frame: At each treatment cycle (21 to 35 days), for a maximum of 12 cycles ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Biological activity of bendamustine was defined as achieving a best response of partial response (PR), CRp, or CR. Rate was calculated as follows: number of participants in the primary analysis set achieving a best overall response of PR, CRp, or CR, divided by the number of participants in the primary analysis set. The most positive response for each patient during the study was counted. The 95% CI was calculated using binomial parameter exact method. Response was determined by the investigator, and evaluated per Jeha et al, 2006: A PR had to meet the following criteria: complete disappearance of circulating blasts and an M2 marrow (≥ 5% and ≤ 25% bone marrow blasts) and appearance of normal progenitor cells or an M1 marrow that did not qualify for CR or CRp. See Outcome Measure 2 for full definitions for CRp and CR.

  • Best Overall Tumor Response Rate, by Phase [ Time Frame: At each treatment cycle (21 to 35 days), for a maximum of 12 cycles ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Biological activity of bendamustine was defined as achieving a best response of partial response (PR), CRp, or CR. Rate was calculated as follows: number of participants in the primary analysis set achieving a best overall response of PR, CRp, or CR, divided by the number of participants in the primary analysis set. The most positive response for each patient during the study was counted. The 95% CI was calculated using binomial parameter exact method. Response was determined by the investigator, and evaluated per Jeha et al, 2006: A PR had to meet the following criteria: complete disappearance of circulating blasts and an M2 marrow (≥ 5% and ≤ 25% bone marrow blasts) and appearance of normal progenitor cells or an M1 marrow that did not qualify for CR or CRp. See Outcome Measure 2 for full definitions for CRp and CR.

  • Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: At each treatment cycle (21 to 35 days), for a maximum of 12 cycles ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DOR was determined for the participants with CR or CRp in the primary analysis set, defined as the time from first achieving remission to the time when progression was diagnosed, the participant died, or the participant started receiving new antineoplastic therapy. Data from participants who do not progress were censored at the last valid assessments. Median DOR and its 95% confidence interval was determined based on the Kaplan-Meier method. Data from participants who received a transplant were censored at the time of the transplant.

  • Maximum Observed Plasma Drug Concentration (Cmax) for Bendamustine and Its Metabolites (M3 and M4) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 1: before infusion, immediately following the infusion, and 3, 6, 10(±2), and 24 hours after the start of infusion. The 24-hour postinfusion sample was obtained before the start of the infusion on Day 2. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to Maximum Plasma Drug Concentration (Tmax) for Bendamustine and Its Metabolites (M3 and M4) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 1: before infusion, immediately following the infusion, and 3, 6, 10(±2), and 24 hours after the start of infusion. The 24-hour postinfusion sample was obtained before the start of the infusion on Day 2. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Area Under the Plasma Drug Concentration by Time Curve From Time 0 Until the Last Measurable Plasma Concentration (AUC0-t) for Bendamustine and Its Metabolites (M3 and M4) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 1: before infusion, immediately following the infusion, and 3, 6, 10(±2), and 24 hours after the start of infusion. The 24-hour postinfusion sample was obtained before the start of the infusion on Day 2. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Area Under the Plasma Drug Concentration by Time Curve From Time 0 Until 24 Hours After Study Drug Administration (AUC0-24) for Bendamustine and Its Metabolites (M3 and M4) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1, Day 1: before infusion, immediately following the infusion, and 3, 6, 10(±2), and 24 hours after the start of infusion. The 24-hour postinfusion sample was obtained before the start of the infusion on Day 2. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 43
Study Start Date: August 2010
Study Completion Date: August 2011
Primary Completion Date: August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Bendamustine
Bendamustine 90 or 120 mg/m^2 administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion over 60 minutes on Days 1 and 2 of each 21-day cycle (maximum of 12 total cycles), with delays up to 2 weeks for neutrophil and platelet count recovery, for up to a 35-day cycle.
Drug: Bendamustine

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 20 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has histologically proven acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that has relapsed or is refractory to the last regimen, and the patient is without alternative curative therapy.
  • The patient's last myelosuppression therapy ended at least 2 weeks before the first dose of study drug.
  • Nonhematologic acute toxic effects of prior therapy have resolved to grade 2 or less according to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE).
  • The patient has adequate liver function with bilirubin values less than or equal to 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) values less than or equal to 5 times the age-appropriate ULN.
  • The patient has adequate renal function with serum creatinine values less than 2 times ULN.
  • The patient has Karnofsky or Lansky performance status of 60 or greater. Patients older than 16 years of age will be scored according to the Karnofsky scale and patients 16 years of age or younger will be scored according to the Lansky scale.
  • The patient may have had hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  • Women of childbearing potential (not surgically sterile) must use a medically accepted method of contraception and must agree to continue use of this method for the duration of treatment and for 30 days after the end of treatment.
  • Men not surgically sterile or who are capable of producing offspring must practice abstinence or use a barrier method of birth control, and must agree to continue use of this method for the duration of treatment and for 30 days after the end of treatment.
  • The patient must be willing and able to comply with study restrictions and to remain at the clinic for the required duration during the study period, and willing to return to the clinic for the follow-up evaluation as specified in this protocol.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has any active, uncontrolled systemic infection, severe concurrent disease, or symptomatic untreated central nervous system (CNS) involvement.
  • The patient has evidence of active graft versus host disease.
  • The patient has a known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • The patient has active hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection.
  • The patient is a pregnant or lactating woman. Any women becoming pregnant during the study will be withdrawn from the study immediately.
  • The patient has any serious uncontrolled medical or psychological disorder that would impair the ability of the patient to receive study drug.
  • The patient has any condition that places the patient at unacceptable risk or confounds the ability of the investigators to interpret study data.
  • The patient has received any other investigational agent within 30 days of study entry.
  • The patient has known hypersensitivity to bendamustine or mannitol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01088984

  Show 50 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products, R&D Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Sponsor's Medical Expert Cephalon
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products, R&D Inc. )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01088984     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C18083/2046, 2010-020768-40
Study First Received: March 16, 2010
Results First Received: September 24, 2014
Last Updated: September 24, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
Belarus: Ministry of Health
Brazil: Ministry of Health
Canada: Health Canada
Israel: Israeli Health Ministry Pharmaceutical Administration
Mexico: Ministry of Health
South Korea: Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Bendamustine
Nitrogen Mustard Compounds
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 02, 2014