Evaluation of the Safety and Immune Response to an Investigational Dengue Type 1 Vaccine

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01084291
First received: March 8, 2010
Last updated: December 31, 2012
Last verified: December 2012
  Purpose

Dengue viruses can cause dengue fever and other serious health conditions, primarily affecting people living in tropical regions of the world. There are four types of dengue virus, and infection with one does not offer protection against the others. This study will test whether a vaccine developed to prevent infection with dengue virus type 1 (DEN1) causes a response in people's immune system and is safe.


Condition Intervention Phase
Dengue Virus
Biological: Investigational Vaccine for DEN1
Other: Placebo injection
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I Evaluation of the Safety and Immunogenicity of the rDEN1∆30 Dengue Serotype 1 Vaccine Given at a Single Dose of 101 PFU in Healthy Flavivirus-naïve Adult Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Frequency of vaccine-related adverse events (AEs), as classified by both severity and seriousness, through active and passive surveillance [ Time Frame: Measured throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Immunogenicity to dengue virus subtype one (DEN1), as assessed by neutralizing antibody titers [ Time Frame: Measured 4 and 6 weeks after vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Frequency, quantity, and duration of viremia following vaccination [ Time Frame: Measured every other day after vaccination for 16 days, and on Days 21, 28, and 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of vaccinees infected with DEN1, defined as recovery of vaccine virus from the blood or serum of a participant and/or by seroconversion to DEN1 [ Time Frame: Measured at study completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Comparison of the infectivity rates, safety, and immunogenicity of a single dose of DEN1 vaccine to those rates of previous clinical trials [ Time Frame: Measured at study completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: April 2010
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: DEN1 Vaccine
Participants will receive a single dose of investigational vaccine for dengue virus subtype 1.
Biological: Investigational Vaccine for DEN1
Subcutaneous injection in upper arm of vaccine at dose of 10 plaque-forming units (PFU)
Other Name: rDEN1∆30 vaccine
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants will receive a single dose of placebo vaccine.
Other: Placebo injection
Subcutaneous injection of placebo

Detailed Description:

The dengue virus causes approximately 50 million cases of dengue fever and 1.5 million cases of the more severe diseases dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHS) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS) every year. There are four subtypes of the virus, and infection with one offers no protection from infection by the others. In fact, most cases of DHS and DSS occur in people infected by more than one subtype. In areas of the world where multiple subtypes of dengue are common, vaccines must be developed against each of the subtypes of dengue virus. This study will examine the safety and immune response of an investigational vaccine for preventing infection with DEN1.

Participation in this study will last about 6 weeks. Participants will be randomly assigned to be injected with either the investigational study vaccine or a placebo. Participants will have a five in six chance of receiving the vaccine. The first study visit will take place on the vaccination day, on which participants will undergo a physical examination, blood draw, and pregnancy test, and then receive the vaccine. Participants will be given a thermometer and temperature card, and be told to record their temperature three times per day for 16 days after vaccination. Participants will come to follow-up visits every other day for the 16 days after vaccination, and then 3, 4, and 6 weeks after vaccination (Days 21, 28, and 42). Assessments completed during these visits will include a questionnaire about how the participant is feeling, pregnancy test, review of temperature cards, blood draw, and physical exam. Blood drawn will be analyzed to check participants' health, determine the amount of vaccine and antibodies in the blood, test markers in white blood cells and genes, and look for proteins that are important for fighting dengue infection.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • In good general health as determined by physical examination, laboratory screening, and review of medical history
  • Available for the duration of the study, including approximately 6 weeks post-vaccination
  • Female participants of childbearing potential must be willing to use effective contraception for the duration of the trial

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently breast-feeding or pregnant
  • Exhibits evidence of clinically significant neurologic, cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic, rheumatologic, autoimmune, or renal disease by history, physical examination, and/or laboratory studies
  • Presence of a behavioral, cognitive, or psychiatric disease that affects the ability of the participant to understand and cooperate with the requirements of the study protocol
  • Has screening laboratory values of Grade 1 or above for absolute neutrophil count (ANC), ALT, and serum creatinine, as defined in this protocol
  • Presence of any condition that would jeopardize the safety or rights of the participant or would render the participant unable to comply with the protocol
  • Significant alcohol or drug abuse in the past 12 months which has caused medical, occupational, or family problems, as indicated by participant history
  • History of a severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis
  • Severe asthma (emergency room visit or hospitalization within the last 6 months)
  • Presence of HIV infection, determined by screening and confirmatory assays
  • Presence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, determined by screening and confirmatory assays
  • Presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, determined by hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) screening
  • Presence of any known immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Uses anticoagulant medications
  • Has used corticosteroids (excluding topical or nasal) or immunosuppressive drugs within 42 days prior to or following vaccination. An immunosuppressive dose of corticosteroids is defined as greater than or equal to 10 mg prednisone equivalent per day for greater than or equal to 14 days.
  • Has received a live vaccine within 28 days or a killed vaccine within 14 days prior to vaccination or anticipated receipt of any vaccine during the 42 days following vaccination
  • Has no spleen
  • Received blood products within the past 6 months, including transfusions or immunoglobulin or anticipated receipt of any blood products or immunoglobulin during the 42 days following vaccination
  • History or serologic evidence of previous dengue virus infection or other flavivirus infection (e.g., yellow fever virus, St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile virus)
  • Has received a flavivirus vaccine (licensed or experimental)
  • Anticipates receipt of any investigational agent in the 42 days before or after vaccination
  • Participant has definite plans to travel to a dengue endemic area during the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01084291

Locations
United States, Vermont
University of Vermont Vaccine Testing Center
Burlington, Vermont, United States, 05401
Fletcher Allen Health Care (FAHC) General Clinical Research Center (GCRC)
Burlington, Vermont, United States, 05401
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Anna Durbin, MD CIR, Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator: Beth Kirkpatrick, MD University of Vermont
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01084291     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CIR 253
Study First Received: March 8, 2010
Last Updated: December 31, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Vaccine
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dengue
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014