Expanding Rapid Ascertainment Networks of Schizophrenia Families in Taiwan (S-TOGET)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified November 2008 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of California, San Diego
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01077687
First received: February 25, 2010
Last updated: February 26, 2010
Last verified: November 2008
  Purpose

This proposal responds to Request for Applications RFA-MH-08-131, which seeks applications that propose to enrich pre-existing resources for schizophrenia in the NIMH Human Genetics Initiative and to apply genomic methods to further our understanding of the molecular etiology of the disorder. The overarching aims of this proposal are to quickly and cost-effectively ascertain a large sample of trio families affected by schizophrenia, and to discover causal variants for the disorder in the first family-based genome-wide association study (GWAS) of the disorder. In Taiwan, there is no such kind of policy to support this kind of GWAS study as it is a very expensive study, including collecting large family samples and genome-wide SNP scanning. We, thus, collaborate with Professor Ming T, Tsuang and his extended subcontracted researchers to apply for this project. We, the research team in Taiwan, will collect 3800 trio families (11400 subjects) of schizophrenia. In our recently completed NIMH-funded Genetic Linkage Study of Schizophrenia (R01MH059624; USA PI: Ming T. Tsuang; Taiwan PI: Hai-Gwo Hwu), the investigators established a large and efficient ascertainment network and infrastructure in Taiwan, which will again be utilized and expanded in the proposed study. Through additional ascertainment within this framework, the investigators will collect an aggregate sample with adequate power for detecting in a GWAS those variants that make even small contributions to the risk for the disorder.

The investigators will meet the overarching goals of this project by accomplishing several Specific Aims, as follows:

  1. Rapidly ascertain schizophrenia trio families from ten Taiwanese clinical ascertainment sites;
  2. Supplement NIMH Genetics Initiative collections by sending all clinical data and biomaterials to the appropriate repositories;
  3. Assess the association of schizophrenia with a genome-wide panel of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their constituent haplotypes;
  4. Analyze quantitative schizophrenia phenotypes such as age at onset ;
  5. Perform a genome-wide survey for copy-number variations related to schizophrenia;
  6. Test for gene-gene interactions (epistasis); and
  7. Test for gene-environment interactions, such as the well-established effect of season of birth.

Condition
Schizophrenia

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Family-Based
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Expanding Rapid Ascertainment Networks of Schizophrenia Families in Taiwan

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Whole blood.


Estimated Enrollment: 1050
Study Start Date: July 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Over the past four decades, researchers have become increasingly certain that schizophrenia has a complex, multifactorial etiology. Although many twin studies confirm that genes play a substantial role in the etiology of this disabling disorder,5 genome-wide linkage analysis of schizophrenia have produced conflicting results. While many of these studies have identified chromosomal regions showing some evidence for linkage to schizophrenia, no finding has been consistently replicated. Given the high heritability of schizophrenia,5 the failure of linkage methods to find susceptibility genes suggests that these genes each have very small, incremental effects on the expression of the disorder. Risch and Merikangas6 showed that for genes of small effect, the power of linkage studies will be low but the power of association studies will be high. Although meta-analysis of candidate gene association studies have implicated some genes, these findings (even if confirmed by larger studies) would only account for a small fraction of schizophrenia's heritability. These considerations suggest that a genome-wide association scan would be an effective method for finding schizophrenia susceptibility genes. To that end, the investigators have designed a multi-stage analytic plan which involves rapid continued ascertainment of probands and family members from an established clinical ascertainment network in Taiwan, performing a genome-wide association scan (GWAS) on this large sample of affected nuclear families, and pooling the novel GWAS results from this project with those from existing case-control GWAS studies of schizophrenia. To accomplish these objectives, the investigators propose a series of specific aims, as follows:

  1. Supplement our previously collected sample of 1,200 Han Chinese schizophrenia-affected nuclear families from Taiwan by rapidly screening and collecting an additional 3,800 trios from eleven ascertainment sites in Taiwan;
  2. Assess the association of schizophrenia with a genome-wide panel of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their constituent haplotypes;
  3. Perform a genome-wide survey for copy-number variations related to schizophrenia;
  4. Test for gene-gene interactions and epistasis;
  5. Test for gene-environment interactions, such as the well-established effect of season of birth;
  6. Analyze quantitative schizophrenia phenotypes, such as age at onset; and
  7. Enhance the NIMH Genetics Initiative collections by sending all clinical data, biomaterials, and genotypes to the appropriate repositories, and completing a meta-analysis of our family-based GWAS data and those from existing case-control GWASs of schizophrenia in the repository;

The above aims achieve the goals of the RFA in several ways. First, the proposed work would markedly enrich the existing resources of the NIMH Human Genetics Initiative, especially the current pool of schizophrenia-affected nuclear families. Not only would the data and biomaterials from this project enrich the NIMH repositories, the study has been designed to be readily combinable with those already in the repositories to boost the power available for detecting genes with small effects on risk. Further, the proposed project would apply the latest genomic research methods to further our understanding of the molecular etiology of the disorder. Lastly, by capitalizing on an existing clinical infrastructure and an efficient screening and assessment protocol, the investigators will obtain a well-powered sample in a very rapid and cost-effective manner.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 90 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

schizophrenia Han Chinese Population one sibling with his/her parents

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Schizophrenia
  • Trio families (a proband's parents should be recruited)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • One or both parents of a proband was not alive
  • with mental retardation
  • with epilepsy
  • with alcohol or substance abuse
  • with other organic brain syndromes
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01077687

Contacts
Contact: Hai-Gwo Hwu, Professor 886-2-2312-3456 ext 66785 haigohwu@ntu.edu.tw
Contact: Wei J. Chen, Professor 886-2-3366-8010 wjchen@ntu.edu.tw

Locations
Taiwan
National Taiwan University Hospital Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan, 10002
Contact: Ming-Fong Chen, Superintendent    886-2-2312-3456    mfchen@ntuh.gov.tw   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
University of California, San Diego
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Hai-Gwo Hwu, Professor College of Medicine, National Taiwan University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Hai-Gwo Hwu, National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01077687     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200810016R, 1R01MH085560-01
Study First Received: February 25, 2010
Last Updated: February 26, 2010
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
schizophrenia
genome-wide association study (GWAS)
single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)
Han Chinese population
trio families
Schizophrenia with trio families

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Schizophrenia
Mental Disorders
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014