Remote Ischemic Preconditioning in Cardiac Surgery Trial (Remote IMPACT)
Main Research Questions:
- Is a large trial of patients undergoing heart surgery comparing a simple procedure of temporarily stopping blood flow to the leg with a blood pressure cuff (called remote ischemic preconditioning) to a sham procedure possible?
- Does the remote ischemic preconditioning procedure before heart surgery help protect the heart and kidneys?
What is Being Studied:
A simple procedure known as remote ischemic preconditioning. The procedure is performed by inflating a pressurized cuff the thigh to temporarily stop blood flow to the arm or leg. This procedure causes the body to have a stress response that, at the cellular level, may protect major organs like the heart and kidney from the damage caused to them by the much larger stress of cardiac surgery. Reducing this damage may improve patient's recovery after surgery and help them live longer.
Why is this study important?:
This research is important because up to 1 in every 20 patients that undergo heart surgery die before even leaving hospital. Preventing heart and kidney damage at the time of surgery with remote ischemic preconditioning may reduce patient deaths.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Remote Ischemic Preconditioning in Cardiac Surgery: a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial|
- Myocardial Injury [ Time Frame: 6 months after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in serum creatinine [ Time Frame: within 4 days after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- All-cause mortality [ Time Frame: 6 months after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Need for Dialysis [ Time Frame: 6 months after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Length of hospital stay [ Time Frame: Discharge from hospital after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Length of stay in the intensive care unit [ Time Frame: Discharge from hospital after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Incidence of pneumonia [ Time Frame: 30 days after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Incidence of stroke [ Time Frame: 6 months after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Peak CK-MB [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Peak CK-MB within 24 hours after surgery
|Study Start Date:||March 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Placebo Comparator: Sham RIPC
Inflation of thigh pneumatic tourniquet to <15 mmHg
Sham procedure. A pneumatic tourniquet is placed on an upper arm and/or thigh but not inflated.
Active Comparator: Active RIPC
300 mmHg inflation of thigh pneumatic tourniquet for three cycles of 5 minutes each with 5 minutes of no inflation between cycles.
Procedure: Remote Ischemic Preconditioning
Occlusion of leg blood flow using a pneumatic tourniquet on the thigh. Tourniquets are inflated to 300 mmHg for 5 minutes followed by deflation for 5 minutes then repeated for a total of 3 inflations.
Annually, 2 million patients worldwide undergo heart surgery. Although this procedure can prolong life, 1 in 20 patients will not survive their hospital stay. Acute heart and kidney injuries are important causes of death after heart surgery. Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a promising and simple therapy that may simultaneously reduce heart and kidney damage. RIPC involves the inflation of a tourniquet or blood pressure cuff on a limb to briefly stop blood flow to that limb. This period of no blood flow activates the body's own protective systems and releases protective chemicals into the blood that also protect the heart and kidneys. RIPC is a particularly attractive potential treatment because it may protect several organs at once, it has no known adverse effects and costs almost nothing. RIPC could therefore very easily be used globally to improve outcomes for all patients undergoing heart surgery. Although RIPC appears very promising in several small studies using different RIPC regimens there are no studies large enough to definitively evaluate whether RIPC improves patient important outcomes (e.g. survival, kidney failure, major heart attack, or stroke). Before performing a large trial to determine whether RIPC is effective, we must demonstrate that such a trial is feasible. We will determine the recruitment rate and adequacy of follow-up in an international group of centres to ensure that an adequately powered trial of RIPC compared to a sham procedure is possible. Further, we will ensure that our RIPC regimen is consistent with other trials in terms of effects on cardiac and kidney injury. This pilot trial will enroll 250 patients and randomize half to RIPC and half to a sham procedure. We call this trial the Remote IscheMia Preconditioning in cArdiaC surgery Trial (Remote IMPACT).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01071265
|United States, Maine|
|Maine Medical Centre|
|Portland, Maine, United States|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States|
|University of Calgary|
|Calgary, Alberta, Canada|
|Canada, Nova Scotia|
|Maritime Heart Centre|
|Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada|
|Hamilton, Ontario, Canada|
|Lawson Health Research Institute|
|London, Ontario, Canada|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael Walsh, MD MSc||McMaster University|
|Principal Investigator:||PJ Devereaux, MD PhD||McMaster University|