Imaging the Nucleus Accumbens in Major Depressed Patients 'Treated With Pramipexole

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01066897
First received: February 9, 2010
Last updated: June 19, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

We hope to learn how a brain circuit that is important to the understanding of depression, anhedonia and positive affect responds to a novel pharmaceutical treatment for depression and related symptoms. Adults who have a diagnosis of major depression and are not completely responsive to antidepressant medication will be sought out for participation; as will an equal number of adults not suffering from the disorder. Those suffering from depression will be given pramipexole, an investigational medication for eight weeks during which information will be collected about mood, cognition, and brain function. Adults not suffering from depression will also be evaluated with these measures.


Condition Intervention Phase
Depression
Drug: Pramipexole
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Imaging the Nucleus Accumbens in Major Depressed Patients 'Treated With Pramipexole

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Stanford University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Intolerable side effects occur [ Time Frame: throughout the 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Hamilton Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: 8 weeks: > 50% reduction in score from baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: February 2010
Study Completion Date: February 2013
Primary Completion Date: February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Patients who meet DSM-IV criteria for major depression(using the SCID),have a Hamilton Depression Rating Scale score of at least 18, and who are not complete responders to antidepressant medications will be invited to participate in an open label study with pramipexole. Patients who are not complete responders to an adequate trial of an antidepressant (see inclusion criteria below) will be openly treated with pramipexole for 8 weeks. Participants must be between the ages of 20-55 and will include both men and women. Patient's mood will be assessed each visit using the Hamilton Depression (HDRS) and will also complete a series of questionnaires. This will include the physical and social anhedonia scales (Chapman et al., 1976; Eckblad et al., 1982), the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS; Franken et al., 2007; Snaith et al., 1995), the Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire Short Form (MASQ; Watson, Weber, et al., 1995; Watson, Clark, et al., 1995), and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (Watson & Clark, 1991)among others. No other adjunctive agents will be allowed during the eight weeks of the study. Patients will be seen for four weeks on a weekly basis, then biweekly thereafter.

Patients will receive 0.125 mg of pramipexole three times a day for the first week, 0.25 mg three times a day for the second week, and 0.5 mg three times a day for the third week. The dose will then be adjusted as needed by the treating physician (Dr. DeBattista), with a target range of 1.0 mg to 1.5 mg per day. Dose escalations will continue until 1) achievement of the primary endpoint (> 50% reduction from baseline on the HDRS scores; 2) intolerable side effects; or 3) completion of the 8-week study. Participants will be seen weekly the first four weeks and biweekly thereafter. Side effects, depression, and anhedonia will assessed at each visit.

Depressed participants will also undergo functional MRI and neuropsychological testing twice, once at baseline and once after completion of the medication. 20 healthy control subjects with no history of Axis I disorders and who score less than 5 on the HDRS will participate in the baseline MRI, neuropsychological testing, and clinical ratings/questionnaires.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Must meet DSM-IV criteria for Major Depressive Disorder
  2. HAM-D score >18 on a 21-item assessment at eligibility
  3. On at least an adequate dose of fluoxetine (40 mg/day), paroxetine (40 mg/day) paroxetine CR (50mg), sertraline (150 mg/day), citalopram (40 mg/day), escitalopram (20 mg/day), venlafaxine (150 mg/day), mirtazapine (30 mg/day), or duloxetine (60 mg/day) for at least 6 weeks (monotherapy).
  4. 20-55 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Substance abuse in the past 6 months
  2. ECT in the past 6 months
  3. On a MAOI, tricyclic antidepressant, lithium, an antipsychotic, thyroid augmentation, 2 antidepressants simultaneously or lamotrigine
  4. History of any psychosis including psychotic depression
  5. History of Bipolar I, Bipolar II, or Bipolar NOS illness, or concurrent symptoms of mania or hypomania that do not meet the criteria for any bipolar disorder
  6. History of compulsive gambling
  7. Pregnant females or females of childbearing years not using adequate birth control in the opinion of the investigators
  8. Known sensitivity to Pramipexole
  9. Significant suicide risk in the opinion of the investigators
  10. Significant medical conditions that would preclude safe participation in the study in the opinion of the investigators
  11. Psychoactive drugs other than one of the antidepressants listed on Inclusion criteria #4. (A non-barbiturate sedative or hypnotic or benzodiazepine such as trazodone 50mg/day, zolpidem 10mg/day, lorazepam 3mg/day or clonazepam 2mg/day will be allowed if it has been in use for at least 1 month prior to the baseline visit.)
  12. Significant abnormalities are observed in screening laboratory evaluation.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01066897

Locations
United States, California
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stanford University
National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Keller Stanford University
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01066897     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SU-02042010-4902, 17847
Study First Received: February 9, 2010
Last Updated: June 19, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Pramipexole
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Dopamine Agonists
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2014