AMD 3100 for Treatment of Myelokathexis
This is an initial study to determine if CXCR4 inhibitor AMD 3100 or plerixafor may be a potential treatment for neutropenia due to CXCR4 mutations, the myelokathexis or WHIM (warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, immunodeficiency and myelokathexis) syndrome. This is the initial study of this concept and will involve up to 6 patients to receive increasing doses of plerixafor administered subcutaneously or on an alternate day basis. It is unknown if these patients will be highly sensitive to a blockade of CXCR4 activity and release more white blood cells than normal volunteers or cancer patients given the same dose of this drug. Therefore doses will begin at a level 12 fold less than currently used to mobilize stem cells and will be increased stepwise to achieve an acceptable circulating level of neutrophils.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase I Study of the CXCR-4 Inhibitor AMD3100 for the Treatment of Neutropenia Due to Mutations of CXCR-4, the Myelokathexis Syndrome|
- Blood Neutrophil Counts. [ Time Frame: up to 14 days, depending on when subject reached peak response, i.e., the highest count after the stimulus (plerixafor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Effectiveness of drug based on increases of blood neutrophil counts to greater than 2.0 x 10^9 per liter
|Study Start Date:||October 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: AMD3100 or plerixafor
SINGLE arm study with increasing doses of Plerixafor
Drug: AMD3100 or plerixafor
The study will examine the hematological effects/safety of plerixafor in patients with myelokathexis attributable to mutations of CXCR4. Plerixafor will be administered on days 1, 3, 5, 8, and 10. Five intrapatient escalating doses of AMD 3100, 20 micrograms per kilogram (mcg/kg), 40 micrograms per kilogram (mcg/kg), 80 micrograms per kilogram (mcg/kg), and 240 micrograms per kilogram (mcg/kg) will be examined in the patients at University of Washington General Clinical Research Center for up to 10 days, requiring subjects be available up to 14 days. Patients will be monitored for hematological effects of plerixafor and observed for adverse effects. If normal blood neutrophil count is achieved and maintained for at least 24 hours prior to highest dose, we will stop at that level.
Other Name: Mozobil
This is an open label, single Center, phase I study to examine the hematological effects, pharmacokinetics and safety of plerixafor in patients with myelokathexis attributable to mutations of CXCR4, utilizing serial, escalating doses of plerixafor administered on days 1, 3, 5, 8, and 10. Five intrapatient escalating dose levels, 20 micrograms per kilogram (mcg/kg), 40 micrograms/kilogram(mcg/kg), 80 micrograms/kilogram(mcg/kg), and 240 micrograms/kilogram (mcg/kg)will be examined. The subjects will be patients at the University of Washington General Clinical Research Center for up to 10 days; the study requires subject be available for up to 14 days. Patients will be monitored for hematological effects of plerixafor and observed for adverse effects. If a normal blood neutrophil count is achieved and maintained for at least 24 hours prior to the highest dose, we will stop at that level.
|United States, Washington|
|University of Washington Medical Center|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195|
|Principal Investigator:||David C Dale, MD||University of Washington|