Effect of Rapamycin on Tolerance-related Biomarkers on Stable Liver Transplant Recipients

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified November 2009 by Hospital Clinic of Barcelona.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Hospital Clinic of Barcelona
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01034345
First received: December 16, 2009
Last updated: NA
Last verified: November 2009
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

In contrast to calcineurin inhibitors, sirolimus is known to exert remarkable tolerance-promoting properties in multiple animal transplant models. Whether sirolimus is capable of enhancing tolerance-related pathways and/or promoting complete withdrawal of immunosuppressive drugs in human transplant recipients has not been previously addressed. The goal of the investigators study is to evaluate the effects of sirolimus on previously identified tolerogenic pathways in humans and, indirectly, to assess the capacity of this drug to enhance the proportion of liver recipients undergoing successful immunosuppression weaning.


Condition Intervention Phase
Liver Transplantation
Drug: Sirolimus
Drug: Calcineurin inhibitor
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Rapamycin on Tolerance-related Biomarkers on Stable Liver Transplant Recipients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hospital Clinic of Barcelona:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Effects of conversion from calcineurin inhibitors to sirolimus on tolerance-related biomarkers of tolerance in human liver transplant recipients. [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 52
Study Start Date: November 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Sirolimus
Patients randomized to this arm will discontinue maintenance immunosuppression based on calcineurin inhibitors and start treatment with sirolimus.
Drug: Sirolimus
Switch from calcineurin inhibitor maintenance immunosuppression to sirolimus treatment at the doses needed to reach trough blood levels 8-15 ng/mL.
Active Comparator: Calcineurin inhibitor
Patients randomized to this arm will keep the same maintenance immunosuppression based on calcineurin inhibitors.
Drug: Calcineurin inhibitor
Patients will maintain the same immunosuppressive regimen based on calcineurin inhibitors. No modifications in the treatment will be conducted.

Detailed Description:

Objective:To test in liver transplant recipients identified as non-tolerant whether discontinuation of calcineurin inhibitors followed by 6-month treatment with sirolimus modifies the pattern of expression of the set of genes associated with tolerance

Background: Sirolimus is an immunosuppressive drug used to counter autoimmunity and to prevent acute graft rejection in human and has remarkable tolerance-promoting properties in animal transplant models.

Hypothesis/Specific Aims:We hypothesize that sirolimus promotes tolerogenic pathways in human liver transplantation.

  1. To test in liver transplant recipients identified as non-tolerant whether discontinuation of calcineurin inhibitors followed by 6-month treatment with sirolimus modifies the pattern of expression of the set of genes associated with tolerance
  2. To test in liver transplant recipients identified as non-tolerant whether conversion from calcineurin inhibitors to sirolimus modifies memory type immune responses.
  3. To test in liver transplant recipients identified as non-tolerant whether conversion from calcineurin inhibitor monotherapy to sirolimus affects the frequency, phenotype and function of potentially immunoregulatory peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets
  4. To test in liver transplant recipients identified as non-tolerant whether conversion from calcineurin inhibitors to sirolimus promotes epigenetic changes related to immunoregulation and cancer development/progression

Proposed Methods:Gene expression experiments: we will quantify the expression in peripheral blood of a set of genes previously identified as predictive of successful immunosuppression withdrawal in stable liver transplant recipients. Blood samples will be obtained before and 6 months after conversion to sirolimus treatment. Measurement of gene expression levels will be conducted employing real-time TaqMan PCR. Classification of patients in the tolerant/non-tolerant categories will be conducted utilizing thresholds and predictive algorithms developed in our laboratory.

Immunophenotyping studies: we will quantify in peripheral blood various mononuclear cell subsets implicated in immunoregulatory pathways before and 6 months after conversion to sirolimus treatment. Measurements will be conducted employing flow cytometry.

Functional assays: we will isolate CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Treg) from peripheral blood by Sorter before and 6 months after conversion to sirolimus treatment. Serial dilution experiments will be conduct in an antigen non-specific assay to assess the relative suppressive properties of Tregs. IFNg ELISpot assays will be conducted in parallel employing peripheral blood mononuclear cells as responder cells to measure donor-specific alloimmune responses.

Measurement of DNA-methylation: recipient DNA will be extracted from peripheral blood samples before and after 6-month sirolimus treatment and used to conduct whole-genome methylation studies employing the ILLUMINA array platform.

Expected results: We expect to precisely define the effects of sirolimus on previously identified tolerogenic pathways in humans and, to assess the capacity of this drug to enhance the proportion of liver recipients undergoing successful immunosuppression weaning.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years and weight ≥ 40 kg
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test result before random assignment and must agree to use a medically acceptable method of contraception throughout the treatment period and for 3 months after discontinuation of randomly assigned treatment. Any woman becoming pregnant during the treatment period must withdraw from the study
  • Subjects receiving immunosuppressive therapy with a stable regimen of calcineurin inhibitor or a combination of calcineurin inhibitor with corticosteroids and/or antimetabolite therapy for a minimum of 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Recipient of a liver transplantation with >3 years follow-up Cockcroft-Gault GFR values ≥ 40 mL/min
  • Total white blood cell count >3.0 x 109/L (>3,000/mm3), platelet count >75 x109/L (>75,000/mm3), fasting triglycerides <3.95 mmol/L (<350 mg/dL), fasting cholesterol <7.8 mmol/L (<300 mg/dL). If subjects are currently untreated for elevated cholesterol and/or triglycerides and are excluded from the study based on the above criteria, subjects will be offered antihyperlipidemic therapy.
  • Stable liver function defined as: a) normal liver function tests (AST, ALT, ALP, GGT) during the previous 6 months; or alternatively b) minor alterations in liver function tests that have not changed over the previous 6 months (AST/ALT < 2 fold normal levels; ALP < 1.5 fold normal levels; GGT < 3 fold normal levels; bilirubin < 3 mg/dL).
  • Absence of treatment with interferon for hepatitis C virus infection
  • Absence of autoimmune diseases requiring immunosuppressive therapy
  • Absence of autoimmune liver disease as indication for transplantation
  • Absence of any rejection episodes in the 12 previous months
  • Peripheral blood gene expression profile characteristic of non-tolerant recipients (likelihood of successful weaning <5%)
  • Written, signed, and dated IRB- or IEC-approved informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Requirement for treatment with immunosuppressive drugs for any indications other than prevention of rejection
  • Proteinuria levels > 0.8 g/day
  • Evidence of systemic infection (e,g., sepsis, bacteremia, pneumonia, etc.) at time of random assignment.
  • History of documented human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  • Hypercoagulable states or any history of deep vein thrombosis, HAT, or portal vein thrombosis. (Exception: incidental vascular thrombosis at the time of liver explant, which in the opinion of the investigator, does not place the subject at increased risk of thrombotic events.)
  • Transplant of other graft in addition to the liver
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01034345

Contacts
Contact: Alberto Sanchez-Fueyo, M.D 34-932275400 ext 2844 afueyo@clinic.ub.es

Locations
Spain
Hospital Clinic Barcelona, University of Barcelona Recruiting
Barcelona, Spain, 08036
Contact: Alberto Sanchez-Fueyo, MD    34-93-2275400 ext 2844    afueyo@clinic.ub.es   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospital Clinic of Barcelona
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alberto Sanchez Fueyo, MD Hospital Clinic Barcelona/IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Alberto Sanchez-Fueyo, Hospital Clinic Barcelona/ IDIBAPS
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01034345     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Sirolimus_Liver_Tolerance
Study First Received: December 16, 2009
Last Updated: December 16, 2009
Health Authority: Spain: Spanish Agency of Medicines

Keywords provided by Hospital Clinic of Barcelona:
Sirolimus
Liver Transplantation
Tolerance
Immune responses
Allograft tolerance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Everolimus
Sirolimus
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014