Now Available for Public Comment: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

Study of Recombinant Factor IX Fc Fusion Protein (rFIXFc) in Participants With Hemophilia B

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Swedish Orphan Biovitrum
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Biogen Idec
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01027364
First received: December 4, 2009
Last updated: August 29, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

The primary objectives of the study were: to evaluate the safety and tolerability of rFIXFc; to evaluate the efficacy of rFIXFc in all treatment arms; to evaluate the effectiveness of prophylaxis over on-demand (episodic) therapy by comparing the annualized number of bleeding episodes between participants receiving rFIXFc on each prevention (prophylaxis) regimen and participants receiving rFIXFc on an episodic regimen. The secondary objectives of the study were: to evaluate and assess the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameter estimates of rFIXFc and rFIX (BeneFIX®) at baseline in the Sequential PK subgroup as well as rFIXFc at Week 26 (±1 week); to evaluate participants' response to treatment; to evaluate rFIXFc consumption.


Condition Intervention Phase
Severe Hemophilia B
Drug: Factor IX (rFIXFc)
Drug: rFIX
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: B-LONG: An Open-Label, Multicenter Evaluation of the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Efficacy of Recombinant, Long-acting Coagulation Factor IX Fc Fusion Protein (rFIXFc) in the Prevention and Treatment of Bleeding in Previously Treated Subjects With Severe Hemophilia B

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Biogen Idec:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Potentially Clinically Significant Laboratory Abnormalities [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Clinical laboratory evaluations included hematology and blood chemistry. Table does not include laboratory tests evaluated during the surgical/rehabilitation period. Because the perioperative management period represents a unique clinical situation, safety data obtained during the surgical/rehabilitation period for participants in Arm 4 were included in listings and reviewed separately. Review of the listing was sufficient to assess this endpoint. ULN=upper limit of normal.

  • Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Treatment-emergent Serious Adverse Events (TESAEs) [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks + 30 days ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    AE=any untoward medical occurrence that did not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment, and could be any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of study product, whether related or not. TE=event present prior to receiving the first injection of BeneFIX or rFIXFc that subsequently worsened in severity or not present prior to receiving the first injection but subsequently appeared before last visit on study. Serious AE (SAE)=AE resulting in death, immediate risk of death, inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or a congenital/anomaly/birth defect, or any other medically important event. Related=related, possibly related, and relationship missing. Data include AEs emergent during the surgical/rehabilitation period; AE data are included in each treatment arm only for the time each participant was enrolled in that arm.

  • Number of Participants With Non-serious Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) During the Surgical / Rehabilitation Period [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks + 30 days ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    AE=any untoward medical occurrence that did not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment, and could be any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of study product, whether related or not. TEAE=AE present prior to receiving the first injection of BeneFIX or rFIXFc that subsequently worsened in severity or was not present prior to receiving the first injection but subsequently appeared before last visit on study. Participants are counted once if they report multiple events in the same system organ class (SOC) or preferred term (PT). Coded using the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA), version 15.0 dictionary. The following SOCs are abbreviated in the table: Immune System (IS); Injury, Poisoning, and Procedural (IPP); Metabolism and Nutrition (MN); Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue (MCT); Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal (RTM); Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue (SST).

  • Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Serious Adverse Events (TESAEs) During the Surgical / Rehabilitation Period [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks + 30 days ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    SAE=AE resulting in death, immediate risk of death, inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or a congenital/anomaly/birth defect, or any other medically important event. TESAE=SAE present prior to receiving the first injection of BeneFIX or rFIXFc that subsequently worsened in severity or was not present prior to receiving the first injection but subsequently appeared before last visit on study. Participants are counted once if they report multiple events in the same system organ class (SOC) or preferred term (PT). Coded using the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA), version 15.0 dictionary. The following SOC is abbreviated in the table: Injury, Poisoning, and Procedural (IPP).

  • Incidence Rate of FIX Inhibitor Development [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    An inhibitor test result ≥0.6 Bethesda units (BU)/mL, identified and confirmed by re-testing of a second sample obtained within 2 to 4 weeks, was considered positive. Both tests were to be performed using the Nijmegen-modified Bethesda Assay by the central laboratory. The incidence rates along with the 95% CI were summarized for all titers for subjects with 50 or more exposure days (EDs) to rFIXFc and a valid inhibitor test after the 50th exposure. In addition, the incidence rates for all subjects regardless of their exposure days to rFIXFc were also summarized. The 95% CI was calculated using Clopper-Pearson exact method.

  • Annualized Bleeding Rate [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Annualized bleeding episodes = (number of bleeding episodes / number of days in the respective period)*365.25. In Arms 1 and 2, the efficacy period (EP) started with date and time of first prophylactic dose following a completed pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling period and ended with last dose administered (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). In Arm 3, the EP started following last PK sampling timepoint and ended with either date of last contact or date of last entry into the eDiary, whichever was later. The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 (sequential PK subgroup) and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods (for both major and minor surgeries) in all 3 arms. A bleeding episode started from the first sign of a bleed, and ended 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleeding, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location, or injections less than or equal to 72 hours apart, were considered the same bleeding episode.

  • Comparison of Annualized Bleeding Rates [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimated with a factor for arm, based on whole study duration for all participants. Annualized bleeding episodes = (number of bleeding episodes / number of days in the respective period)*365.25. In Arms 1 and 2, the efficacy period (EP) started with date and time of first prophylactic dose following a completed PK sampling period and ended with last dose administered (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). In Arm 3, the EP started following last PK sampling timepoint and ended with either date of last contact or date of last entry into the eDiary, whichever was later. The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods in all 3 arms. A bleeding episode started from the first sign of a bleed, and ended 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleeding, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location, or injections less than or equal to 72 hours apart, were considered the same bleeding episode.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Participant Assessment of Response to Injections to Treat a Bleeding Episode [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participant's assessment of the response to the first rFIXFc injection for each bleeding episode. Percentages were based on the number of bleeding episodes for which a response was provided for the first injection, using the following 4-point scale: excellent=abrupt pain relief and/or improvement in signs of bleeding within approximately 8 hours after the initial injection; good=definite pain relief and/or improvement in signs of bleeding within approximately 8 hours after an injection, but possibly requiring more than one injection after 24 to 48 hours for complete resolution; moderate=probable or slight beneficial effect within 8 hours after the initial injection and requiring more than one injection; no response=no improvement, or condition worsened, within approximately 8 hours after the initial injection.

  • Physicians' Global Assessments of Participants' Response to Treatment With rFIXFc [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Physicians assessed each participant's response to rFIXFc using a 4-point scale: excellent=bleeding episodes responded to less than or equal to the usual number of injections or less than or equal to the usual dose of rFIXFc, or the rate of breakthrough bleeding during prophylaxis was less than or equal to that usually observed; effective=most bleeding episodes responded to the same number of injections and dose, but some required more injections or higher doses, or there was a minor increase in the rate of breakthrough bleeding; partially effective=bleeding episodes most often required more injections and/or higher doses than expected, or adequate breakthrough bleeding prevention during prophylaxis required more frequent injections and/or higher doses; ineffective=routine failure to control hemostasis or hemostatic control required additional agents. Percentage of the total count of scale responses for all participants is presented. Multiple responses per participant are counted.

  • Annualized rFIXFc Consumption Per Participant [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Consumption is calculated for the efficacy period (EP). In Arms 1 and 2, the EP started with date and time of first prophylactic dose following a completed PK sampling period and ended with last dose administered (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). In Arm 3, the EP started following last PK sampling timepoint and ended with either date of last contact or date of last entry into the eDiary, whichever was later. The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 (sequential PK subgroup) and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods (for both major and minor surgeries) in all 3 arms. Overall units (IU/kg) of annualized rFIXFc consumption = [Total rFIXFc IU/kg received during the EP / number of days in EP]*365.25.

  • Average Weekly Dose For the Fixed Weekly Interval Prophylaxis Arm [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Average weekly dose = (total IU/kg of all eligible prophylactic doses in the included intervals / total number of days in the included intervals)*7. Eligible dose = the first of the 2 doses defining the interval. Participants could have multiple prophylactic dose changes. Prophylactic dosing = from first prophylactic injection received for rFIXFc to the last prophylactic injection on study. Intervals between 2 prophylactic doses separated by a bleed/surgery/PK visit were not included. In Arm 1, the efficacy period (EP) started with date and time of first prophylactic dose following a completed PK sampling period and ended with last dose administered (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 (sequential PK subgroup) and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods (for both major and minor surgeries).

  • Average Dosing Interval For the Individualized Interval Prophylaxis Arm [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Average dosing interval = sum of days in the included dosing intervals divided by the number of included intervals. Participants could have multiple prophylactic dose interval changes. Prophylactic dosing = from first prophylactic injection received for rFIXFc to the last prophylactic injection on study. Intervals between 2 prophylactic doses separated by a bleed/surgery/PK visit were not included. In Arm 2, the efficacy period (EP) started with date and time of first prophylactic dose following a completed PK sampling period and ended with last dose administered (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). The EP was interrupted for all surgical/rehabilitation periods (for both major and minor surgeries).

  • Annualized Bleeding Rate by Type of Bleed (Spontaneous and Traumatic) [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Annualized bleeding episodes = (number of bleeding episodes/number of days in efficacy period)*365.25. Please see the definition of the efficacy period (EP) in the Outcome Measure 4 Description. The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 (sequential PK subgroup) and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods (for both major and minor surgeries) in all 3 arms. A bleeding episode started from the first sign of a bleed, and ended 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleeding, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location, or injections less than or equal to 72 hours apart, were considered the same bleeding episode. Any bleeding at a different location was a separate bleeding episode regardless of time from the last injection.

  • Annualized Bleeding Rate by Location of Bleed (Joint, Muscle, Internal, Skin/Mucosa) [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Annualized bleeding episodes = (number of bleeding episodes/number of days in efficacy period)*365.25. Please see the definition of the efficacy period (EP) in the Outcome Measure 4 Description. The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 (sequential PK subgroup) and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods (for both major and minor surgeries) in all 3 arms. A bleeding episode started from the first sign of a bleed, and ended 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleeding, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location, or injections less than or equal to 72 hours apart, were considered the same bleeding episode. Any bleeding at a different location was a separate bleeding episode regardless of time from the last injection.

  • Number of Days From Last Injection to Treat a New Bleeding Episode [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Please see the definition of the Efficacy Period (EP) in the Outcome Measure 4 Description. The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 (sequential PK subgroup) and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods (for both major and minor surgeries) in all 3 arms. A follow-up injection administered >72 hours after the most recent injection given to treat a bleed was considered a new bleed at the same location and was classified as type=Unknown (bleeding episodes of this type were not evaluable). The first bleed for each participant could not be included in this analysis since there was no previous bleed from which to measure time. The number of days from the last injection to treat a bleed to a new bleeding episode was analyzed across all evaluable bleeding episodes per participant.

  • Number of Injections Required for Resolution of a Bleeding Episode [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    In Arms 1 and 2, the efficacy period (EP) started with date and time of first prophylactic dose following a completed PK sampling period and ended with last dose administered (for prophylaxis or a bleeding episode). In Arm 3, the EP started following last PK sampling timepoint and ended with either date of last contact or date of last entry into the eDiary, whichever was later. The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods in all 3 arms. A bleeding episode started from the first sign of a bleed, and ended 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleeding, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location, or injections less than or equal to 72 hours apart, were considered the same bleeding episode. All injections given from the initial sign of a bleed until the last date/time within the bleed window are counted. The resolution of a bleed is defined as no sign of bleeding following injection for the bleed.

  • Number of Injections Required for Resolution of a Bleeding Episode by Location of Bleed [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Please see the definition of the efficacy period (EP) in the Outcome Measure 4 Description. The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 (sequential PK subgroup) and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods (for both major and minor surgeries) in all 3 arms. A bleeding episode started from the first sign of a bleed, and ended 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleeding, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location, or injections less than or equal to 72 hours apart, were considered the same bleeding episode. All injections given from the initial sign of a bleed until the last date/time within the bleed window were counted. The resolution of a bleed was defined as no sign of bleeding following injection for the bleed. Bleeding episodes that presented in multiple locations are included as a single event in the overall summary for the number of injections to resolve that bleeding episode but are included in summaries for each location.

  • Total Dose Per Injection Required for Resolution of a Bleeding Episode by Location of Bleed [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week (efficacy period as defined in description) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    For each bleeding episode at one location, the total dose is the sum of the doses (IU/kg) administered across all injections given to treat that bleeding episode. Please see the definition of the efficacy period (EP) in the Outcome Measure 4 Description. The EP was interrupted for the repeat PK period in Arm 1 (sequential PK subgroup) and for all surgical/rehabilitation periods (for both major and minor surgeries) in all 3 arms. A bleeding episode started from the first sign of a bleed, and ended 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleeding, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location, or injections less than or equal to 72 hours apart, were considered the same bleeding episode. Bleeding episodes that presented in multiple locations are included as a single event in the overall summary for dose administered to resolve that bleeding episode but are included in the individual summaries for each location.

  • Hemophilia-Specific Quality of Life Index for Adults (Haem-A-QoL) Questionnaire: Change From Baseline to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Haem-A-QoL consists of items pertaining to 10 domains specific to living with hemophilia and was administered to adult participants (> 17 years). The areas covered by this instrument are: physical health, feeling, view of yourself, sports/leisure, school/work, dealing with hemophilia, and treatment (all 7 domains, during the last month) and future, family planning, and outlook for the future (all 3 domains, recently). Changes from baseline for the Haem-A-QoL questionnaire are summarized by prestudy treatment regimen (pooled for Arms 1 and 2). Lower scores represent better QoL; therefore, a negative change from baseline represents improvement during the course of the study. Scores on a scale range between 0 and 100.

  • Haem-A-QoL Questionnaire for Adults: Change From Baseline to Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Haem-A-QoL consists of items pertaining to 10 domains specific to living with hemophilia and was administered to adult participants (> 17 years). The areas covered by this instrument are: physical health, feeling, view of yourself, sports/leisure, school/work, dealing with hemophilia, and treatment (all 7 domains, during the last month) and future, family planning, and outlook for the future (all 3 domains, recently). Changes from baseline for the Haem-A-QoL questionnaire are summarized by prestudy treatment regimen (pooled for Arms 1 and 2). Lower scores represent better QoL; therefore, a negative change from baseline represents improvement during the course of the study. Scores on a scale range between 0 and 100.

  • Hemophilia-Specific Quality of Life Index for Children (Haemo-QoL) Questionnaire: Change From Baseline to Week 26 and Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26, Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Haemo-QoL, a quality of life (QoL) assessment instrument for children and adolescents with hemophilia, was administered to participants from 13- to 17-years-old. This instrument assesses domains specific to living with hemophilia. For the Haemo-QoL, higher scores indicate a worse quality of life. Scores on a scale range between 0 and 100.

  • Investigators'/Surgeons' Assessment of Participants' Response to rFIXFc for Major Surgery [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Based on the first assessment of hemostasis by the surgeon/investigator 24 hours or later post-surgery. Scaled responses: Excellent = 1, Good = 2, Fair = 3, Poor/none = 4.

  • Number of Injections Required to Maintain Hemostasis During Major Surgery [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of injections to maintain hemostasis during surgery includes all injections for surgery purposes including the loading dose to the end date/time of surgery.

  • Dose Per Injection and Total Dose Required to Maintain Hemostasis During Major Surgery [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean dose per injection is the average dose for all injections (including loading dose) needed to maintain hemostasis during surgery. Total dose is the sum across all injections (including loading dose) needed to maintain hemostasis during surgery.

  • Estimated Total Blood Loss During Major Surgery [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of Transfusions Required Per Surgery [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of blood component transfusions during a single surgery.

  • Maximum Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: See Measure Description for complete time frame. Each participant was to complete PK sampling up to, and including, the 96-hour (4-day) timepoint for BeneFIX PK assessment and the 240-hour (10-day) timepoint for rFIXFc PK assessment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Maximum concentration during a dosing interval. Assessment of FIX activity with BeneFIX was conducted following a required 120-hour (5-day) washout period, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 72 (±3) hours, and 96 (±3) hours (4 days) from the start of the injection. Assessment of FIX activity and rFIXFc concentration was conducted following the initial dose of rFIXFc (after a required 120-hour [5-day] washout period) and at Week 26, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 96 (±3) hours (4 days), 144 (±3) hours (6 days), 168 (±3) hours (7 days), 192 (±3) hours (8 days), and 240 (±3) hours (10 days) from the start of the injection.

  • Area Under the Curve (AUC) Per Dose [ Time Frame: See Measure Description for complete time frame. Each participant was to complete PK sampling up to, and including, the 96-hour (4-day) timepoint for BeneFIX PK assessment and the 240-hour (10-day) timepoint for rFIXFc PK assessment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Dose normalized area under the drug concentration-time curve. Assessment of FIX activity with BeneFIX was conducted following a required 120-hour (5-day) washout period, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 72 (±3) hours, and 96 (±3) hours (4 days) from the start of the injection. Assessment of FIX activity and rFIXFc concentration was conducted following the initial dose of rFIXFc (after a required 120-hour [5-day] washout period) and at Week 26, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 96 (±3) hours (4 days), 144 (±3) hours (6 days), 168 (±3) hours (7 days), 192 (±3) hours (8 days), and 240 (±3) hours (10 days) from the start of the injection.

  • Half Life (t1/2) Alpha and t1/2 Beta [ Time Frame: See Measure Description for complete time frame. Each participant was to complete PK sampling up to, and including, the 96-hour (4-day) timepoint for BeneFIX PK assessment and the 240-hour (10-day) timepoint for rFIXFc PK assessment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time required for the concentration of the drug to reach half of its original value. Alpha and beta half-life indicate distribution and elimination half-life in a two-compartment PK model. Assessment of FIX activity with BeneFIX was conducted following a required 120-hour (5-day) washout period, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 72 (±3) hours, and 96 (±3) hours (4 days) from the start of the injection. Assessment of FIX activity and rFIXFc concentration was conducted following the initial dose of rFIXFc (after a required 120-hour [5-day] washout period) and at Week 26, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 96 (±3) hours (4 days), 144 (±3) hours (6 days), 168 (±3) hours (7 days), 192 (±3) hours (8 days), and 240 (±3) hours (10 days) from the start of the injection.

  • Clearance (CL) [ Time Frame: See Measure Description for complete time frame. Each participant was to complete PK sampling up to, and including, the 96-hour (4-day) timepoint for BeneFIX PK assessment and the 240-hour (10-day) timepoint for rFIXFc PK assessment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The measure of the efficiency of the body to remove the drug and the unit is the volume of the plasma or blood cleared of drug per unit time. Assessment of FIX activity with BeneFIX was conducted following a required 120-hour (5-day) washout period, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 72 (±3) hours, and 96 (±3) hours (4 days) from the start of the injection. Assessment of FIX activity and rFIXFc concentration was conducted following the initial dose of rFIXFc (after a required 120-hour [5-day] washout period) and at Week 26, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 96 (±3) hours (4 days), 144 (±3) hours (6 days), 168 (±3) hours (7 days), 192 (±3) hours (8 days), and 240 (±3) hours (10 days) from the start of the injection.

  • Mean Residence Time (MRT) [ Time Frame: See Measure Description for complete time frame. Each participant was to complete PK sampling up to, and including, the 96-hour (4-day) timepoint for BeneFIX PK assessment and the 240-hour (10-day) timepoint for rFIXFc PK assessment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The average time for all the drug molecules to reside in the body. Assessment of FIX activity with BeneFIX was conducted following a required 120-hour (5-day) washout period, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 72 (±3) hours, and 96 (±3) hours (4 days) from the start of the injection. Assessment of FIX activity and rFIXFc concentration was conducted following the initial dose of rFIXFc (after a required 120-hour [5-day] washout period) and at Week 26, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 96 (±3) hours (4 days), 144 (±3) hours (6 days), 168 (±3) hours (7 days), 192 (±3) hours (8 days), and 240 (±3) hours (10 days) from the start of the injection.

  • Volume in Steady State (Vss) [ Time Frame: See Measure Description for complete time frame. Each participant was to complete PK sampling up to, and including, the 96-hour (4-day) timepoint for BeneFIX PK assessment and the 240-hour (10-day) timepoint for rFIXFc PK assessment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Volume of distribution at steady state. Assessment of FIX activity with BeneFIX was conducted following a required 120-hour (5-day) washout period, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 72 (±3) hours, and 96 (±3) hours (4 days) from the start of the injection. Assessment of FIX activity and rFIXFc concentration was conducted following the initial dose of rFIXFc (after a required 120-hour [5-day] washout period) and at Week 26, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 96 (±3) hours (4 days), 144 (±3) hours (6 days), 168 (±3) hours (7 days), 192 (±3) hours (8 days), and 240 (±3) hours (10 days) from the start of the injection.

  • Incremental Recovery [ Time Frame: See Measure Description for complete time frame. Each participant was to complete PK sampling up to, and including, the 96-hour (4-day) timepoint for BeneFIX PK assessment and the 240-hour (10-day) timepoint for rFIXFc PK assessment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    IU/dL rise in plasma per IU/kg drug administered. Assessment of FIX activity with BeneFIX was conducted following a required 120-hour (5-day) washout period, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 72 (±3) hours, and 96 (±3) hours (4 days) from the start of the injection. Assessment of FIX activity and rFIXFc concentration was conducted following the initial dose of rFIXFc (after a required 120-hour [5-day] washout period) and at Week 26, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 96 (±3) hours (4 days), 144 (±3) hours (6 days), 168 (±3) hours (7 days), 192 (±3) hours (8 days), and 240 (±3) hours (10 days) from the start of the injection.

  • Time to 1% and 3% FIX Activity [ Time Frame: See Measure Description for complete time frame. Each participant was to complete PK sampling up to, and including, the 96-hour (4-day) timepoint for BeneFIX PK assessment and the 240-hour (10-day) timepoint for rFIXFc PK assessment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to reach 1 or 3 IU/dL (%) after a single dose. Assessment of FIX activity with BeneFIX was conducted following a required 120-hour (5-day) washout period, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 72 (±3) hours, and 96 (±3) hours (4 days) from the start of the injection. Assessment of FIX activity and rFIXFc concentration was conducted following the initial dose of rFIXFc (after a required 120-hour [5-day] washout period) and at Week 26, at these timepoints: predose, 10 (±2) minutes, 1 hour (±15 minutes), 3 hours (±15 minutes), 6 hours (±15 minutes), 24 (±2) hours, 48 (±2) hours, 96 (±3) hours (4 days), 144 (±3) hours (6 days), 168 (±3) hours (7 days), 192 (±3) hours (8 days), and 240 (±3) hours (10 days) from the start of the injection.

  • Number of Participants With Clinically Relevant Abnormalities or Relevant Changes From Baseline in Vital Signs [ Time Frame: up to 52 weeks ± 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of participants with clinically relevant abnormalities or relevant changes from baseline in temperature, pulse (beats per minute [bpm]), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) are presented. Baseline (BL) is defined as the last non-missing evaluable assessment taken prior and closest to the first rFIXFc dose. Because the perioperative management period represents a unique clinical situation, safety data obtained during the surgical/rehabilitation period for participants in Arm 4 were included in listings and reviewed separately. Review of the listing was sufficient to assess this endpoint.

  • Coagulation Parameter: Change From Pre-dose Values in Prothrombin Split Fragments 1+ 2 (F 1+2) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 1 hour post-dose, 6 hours post-dose, and 24 hours post-dose at baseline (120 hours before Day 1, for BeneFIX), Day 1, Week 26, and Week 52 (for rFIXFc) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Maximum value post-dosing is defined as maximum value over the 1-, 6-, and 24-hour evaluations.

  • Coagulation Parameter: Change From Pre-dose Values in Thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) Complex [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 1 hour post-dose, 6 hours post-dose, and 24 hours post-dose at baseline (120 hours before Day 1, for BeneFIX), Day 1, Week 26, and Week 52 (for rFIXFc) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Maximum value post-dosing is defined as maximum value over the 1-, 6-, and 24-hour evaluations.

  • Coagulation Parameter: Change From Pre-dose Values in D-dimer [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 1 hour post-dose, 6 hours post-dose, and 24 hours post-dose at baseline (120 hours before Day 1, for BeneFIX), Day 1, Week 26, and Week 52 (for rFIXFc) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Maximum value post-dosing is defined as maximum value over the 1-, 6-, and 24-hour evaluations.


Enrollment: 123
Study Start Date: December 2009
Study Completion Date: July 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Fixed Weekly Interval

50 IU/kg rFIXFc via intravenous (IV) injection once every 7 days initially, then at a dose indicated by the participant's baseline pharmacokinetic (PK) assessment that ensured a target trough of 1% to 3% above baseline or higher, as clinically indicated. Adjustments to the initial weekly dose of rFIXFc (50 IU/kg) were to be made based on baseline PK assessments, occurrence of spontaneous bleeding episodes, and the trough levels, which were to be monitored at Weeks 4, 16, 26, and 39.

Prior to the first dose of rFIXFc, participants in the Sequential PK subgroup were to receive a single dose of 50 IU/kg BeneFIX administered IV in the clinic, followed by PK sampling. A single dose of 50 IU/kg rFIXFc was administered following a 120-hour washout from BeneFIX, followed by PK sampling for a baseline PK profiling. At Week 26 (±1 week) subjects were to receive a single dose of 50 IU/kg rFIXFc for repeat PK profiling.

Drug: Factor IX (rFIXFc)
Other Name: Recombinant Human Factor IX Fc Fusion Protein
Drug: rFIX
Other Names:
  • Recombinant Factor IX
  • BeneFIX®
Experimental: Individualized Interval
100 IU/kg rFIXFc via IV injection once every 10 days initially, then at an interval derived from the baseline PK assessment that ensured a target trough of 1% to 3% above baseline or higher, as clinically indicated. Adjustments to the initial 10-day interval were to be made based on baseline PK assessments and trough levels, which were monitored at Weeks 4, 16, 26, and 39.
Drug: Factor IX (rFIXFc)
Other Name: Recombinant Human Factor IX Fc Fusion Protein
Experimental: On Demand
20 to 100 IU/kg rFIXFc via IV injection, or the dose indicated by the participant's baseline PK to target a plasma level of 20% to 100%, as needed for the treatment of mild to severe bleeding episodes
Drug: Factor IX (rFIXFc)
Other Name: Recombinant Human Factor IX Fc Fusion Protein
Experimental: Surgery
The surgical period and dosing are dependent on the type of surgery the participant undergoes. Participants who started the study in one of the other treatment arms prior to surgery will return to the original treatment arm. Participants who joined the study in the Surgery arm will be assigned to one of the other treatment arms following post-operative rehabilitation.
Drug: Factor IX (rFIXFc)
Other Name: Recombinant Human Factor IX Fc Fusion Protein

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and 12 years of age and older and weigh at least 40 kg
  • Diagnosed with hemophilia B (baseline Factor IX level less than or equal to 2%)
  • History of at least 100 exposure days to any Factor IX product
  • Platelet count ≥100,000 cells/μL

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of Factor IX inhibitors
  • Kidney or liver dysfunction
  • Diagnosed with another coagulation defect other than hemophilia B
  • Prior history of anaphylaxis associated with any Factor IX or intravenous (IV) immunoglobulin administration
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01027364

  Show 51 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Biogen Idec
Swedish Orphan Biovitrum
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Biogen Idec
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Biogen Idec
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01027364     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 998HB102, 2009-014295-21
Study First Received: December 4, 2009
Results First Received: April 14, 2014
Last Updated: August 29, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hemophilia B
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited
Coagulation Protein Disorders
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014