Pilot Study Using a Dietary Intervention for Children With Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Malabsorption of certain foods (e.g. lactose) has been proposed as a cause of irritable bowel syndrome in adults and children. Recently, a diet that lowers intake of a combination of foods has been found to be effective in adults with IBS identified with fructose malabsorption.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a restricted fermentable substrate diet is effective in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Pilot Study Using a Dietary Intervention for Children With Irritable Bowel Syndrome|
- Improvement in pain frequency [ Time Frame: Prior to and after 1 week of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Changes in GI Transit Time [ Time Frame: Prior to and after 1 week of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Changes in Breath Hydrogen and Methane production [ Time Frame: Prior to and after 1 week of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Changes in GI Permeability [ Time Frame: Prior to and after 1 week of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Changes in fecal microbiome [ Time Frame: Prior to and after 1 week of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Restricted FODMAPs diet
Restricted fermentable substrate diet for 1 week
Behavioral: Restricted FODMAPs diet
Restricted fermentable substrate diet
Up to 19% of school-aged children have recurrent abdominal pain (RAP), accounting for 5% of all pediatric office visits and increased morbidity. The majority of children with RAP have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with up to 60% these children going on to develop IBS as adults. IBS accounts for up to 8 billion dollars a year of healthcare costs in adults within the United States. Successful interventions that ameliorate symptoms in childhood IBS may have an impact into adulthood, however current clinical interventions are often ineffective.
As in adults, the etiology of childhood IBS is multi-factorial, with food intolerance and increased gastrointestinal inflammation being potential factors. Another factor, that of malabsorption of fermentable substrates (e.g., fructose), has frequently been postulated as a form of food intolerance that exacerbates IBS symptoms in adults and children. Studies suggest up to 61% of children with RAP have fructose malabsorption. The interactions between factors such as increased gastrointestinal inflammation and malabsorption of fermentable substrates and they relate to an individual patient is currently unknown.
Recently, a diet that lowers intake of a combination of foods has been found to be effective in adults with IBS identified with fructose malabsorption. This diet has not been used in children with IBS nor has its mechanism(s) of efficacy been explored. This pilot project focuses on using a restricted fermentable substrate diet as a treatment in children with IBS, while evaluating decreased bacterial fermentation gas production and decreased gastrointestinal inflammation as mechanisms of its effect.
Using a prospective, open label design in children meeting Rome III childhood IBS criteria, our Specific Aims are to: 1) Characterize the effectiveness of a restricted FODMAPs diet in improving symptoms (number of abdominal pain episodes; primary endpoint); 2) To determine the mechanisms by which a restricted FODMAPs diet may work. We Hypothesize that: 1) A restricted FODMAPs diet will improve abdominal pain symptoms associated with childhood IBS and identified fructose malabsorption; 2) A restricted FODMAPs diet will improve symptoms in part by decreasing bacterial fermentation gas production amongst other potential mechanisms.
The results of this proposal may, if applied on a larger scale, aid a large number of children with IBS and potentially provide insight into the mechanism(s) behind successful dietary interventions for childhood IBS.
|United States, Texas|
|Children's Nutrition Research Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Texas Children's Hospital|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Bruno P Chumpitazi, M.D., M.P.H.||Baylor College of Medicine|