A Phase 4, Single-Blind, Randomized, Study to Compare the Tolerability and Efficacy of 0.1% Tazorac Cream When Used in Combination With Either Duac Gel or Acanya Gel for the Treatment of Facial Acne Vulgaris (C0000-411)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by:
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01016977
First received: November 19, 2009
Last updated: February 23, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
  Purpose

A single-blind (investigator-blinded), randomized, parallel group, single center study to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of combination therapy with Duac Gel / 0.1% Tazorac Cream and Acanya Gel / 0.1% Tazorac Cream for the treatment of facial acne vulgaris.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acne Vulgaris
Drug: Clindamycin 1%/Benzoyl Peroxide 5% and 0.1% tazarotene
Drug: clindamycin phosphate 1.2%/benzoyl peroxide 2.5% and 0.1% tazarotene
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 4, Single-Blind, Randomized, Study to Compare the Tolerability and Efficacy of Tazorac Cream When Used in Combination With Either Duac Gel or Acanya Gel for the Treatment of Facial Acne Vulgaris

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline in Erythema at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline was calculated as the average value at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 minus the value at baseline. Erythema (redness of the skin, due to increased blood flow in the capillaries in the lower layers of theh skin) was assessed by the investigator based on a 6-point scale: 0=none, which is normal; 1=trace, which is mild and localized; 2=mild, which is mild and diffuse; 3=moderate, which is moderate and diffuse; 4=marked, which is moderate and dense; 5=severe, which is prominent and dense.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Dryness at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline was calculated as the average value at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 minus the value at baseline. Dryness was assessed by the investigator based on a 6-point scale: 0=none, which is normal; 1=trace, which is mild and localized; 2=mild, which is mild and diffuse; 3=moderate, which is moderate and diffuse; 4=marked, which is moderate and dense; 5=severe, which is prominent and dense.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Peeling at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline was calculated as the average value at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 minus the value at baseline. Peeling was assessed by the investigator based on a 6-point scale: 0=none, which is normal; 1=trace, which is mild and localized; 2=mild, which is mild and diffuse; 3=moderate, which is moderate and diffuse; 4=marked, which is moderate and dense; 5=severe, which is prominent and dense.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Burning/Stinging at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline was calculated as the average value at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 minus the value at baseline. Burning/stinging was assessed by participants based on a 6-point scale: 0=none: normal, no discomfort; 1=trace: awareness, no discomfort, no intervention required; 2=mild: noticeable discomfort, intermittent awareness; 3=moderate: noticeable discomfort, continuous awareness; 4=marked: definite discomfort, continuous awareness, interferes occasionally with normal daily activities; 5=severe: definite continuous discomfort, interferes with normal daily activities.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Itching at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline was calculated as the average value at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 12 minus the value at baseline. Itching was assessed by participants based on a 6-point scale: 0=none: normal, no discomfort; 1=trace: awareness, no discomfort, no intervention required; 2=mild: noticeable discomfort, intermittent awareness; 3=moderate: noticeable discomfort, continuous awareness; 4=marked: definite discomfort, continuous awareness, interferes occasionally with normal daily activities; 5=severe: definite continuous discomfort, interferes with normal daily activities.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Oiliness at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline was calculated as the average value at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 minus the value at baseline. Oiliness was assessed by participants based on a 6-point scale: 0=none: normal, no discomfort; 1=trace: awareness, no discomfort, no intervention required; 2=mild: noticeable discomfort, intermittent awareness; 3=moderate: noticeable discomfort, continuous awareness; 4=marked: definite discomfort, continuous awareness, interferes occasionally with normal daily activities; 5=severe: definite continuous discomfort, interferes with normal daily activities.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Skin Overall Comfort at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mean change from baseline was calculated as the average value at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 minus the value at baseline. Skin comfort was assessed by participants based on 5-point scale: +2, very comfortable; +1, comfortable; 0, neutral; -1, somewhat uncomfortable; or -2, uncomfortable.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With at Least a Two-grade Improvement in ISGA Score From Baseline to Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The investigator conducted the overall assessment of the participant's facial acne vulgaris based on the Investigator's Static Global Assessment Scale (ISGA). The ISGA is a 6-point scale: 0, clear skin with no acne vulgaris; 1, almost clear skin; 2, mild; 3, moderate; 4, severe; 5, very severe.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Inflammatory and Non-inflammatory Lesion Counts at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Inflammation is defined as a localized protective reaction of tissue to irritation, injury, or infection, characterized by pain, redness, swelling, and sometimes loss of function. The investigator counted inflammatory (papules, pustules, and nodules) and non-inflammatory (open and closed comedones) lesions on a participant's face at each study visit. The face is defined as the hairline edge to the mandibular line and should include the forehead, cheeks, and chin. W, Week.

  • Mean Change From Baseline in Total Lesion Count at Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The investigator will count inflammatory (papules, pustules, and nodules) and non-inflammatory (open and closed comedones) lesions on the participant's face at each study visit. The face is defined as the hairline edge to the mandibular line and should include the forehead, cheeks, and chin.

  • Mean Change From Baseline for the Global Score of the Participant-completed Skindex-29 Quality of Life Questionnaire at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skindex-29 is a 3-component (symptomatic, emotional, and functional) self-administered questionnaire (comprised of 30 questions) used to comprehensively measure the complex effects of skin diseases on a participant's quality of life. Participants were asked to answer questions based on a 5-point scale concerning their feelings over the past 4 weeks about the skin condition that has bothered them the most: 1, never; 2, rarely; 3, sometimes; 4, often; 5, all the time. The Global Score is the sum of the 30 question scores; total score ranges from 30 to 150.

  • Mean Change From Baseline for the Symptomatic Score of the Participant-completed Skindex-29 Quality of Life Questionnaire at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skindex-29 is a 3-component (symptomatic, emotional, and functional) self-administered questionnaire (comprised of 30 questions) used to comprehensively measure the complex effects of skin diseases on a participant's quality of life. Participants were asked to answer questions based on a 5-point scale concerning their feelings over the past 4 weeks about the skin condition that has bothered them the most: 1, never; 2, rarely; 3, sometimes; 4, often; 5, all the time. The Symptomatic Score is the sum of 7 question scores; total score ranges from 7 to 35.

  • Mean Change From Baseline for the Emotional Score of the Participant-completed Skindex-29 Quality of Life Questionnaire at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skindex-29 is a 3-component (symptomatic, emotional, and functional) self-administered questionnaire (comprised of 30 questions) used to comprehensively measure the complex effects of skin diseases on a participant's quality of life. Participants were asked to answer questions based on a 5-point scale concerning their feelings over the past 4 weeks about the skin condition that has bothered them the most: 1, never; 2, rarely; 3, sometimes; 4, often; 5, all the time. The Emotional Score is the sum of 10 question scores; total score ranges from 10 to 50.

  • Mean Change From Baseline for the Functional Score of the Participant-completed Skindex-29 Quality of Life Questionnaire at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skindex-29 is a 3-component (symptomatic, emotional, and functional) self-administered questionnaire (comprised of 30 questions) used to comprehensively measure the complex effects of skin diseases on a participant's quality of life. Participants were asked to answer questions based on a 5-point scale concerning their feelings over the past 4 weeks about the skin condition that has bothered them the most: 1, never; 2, rarely; 3, sometimes; 4, often; 5, all the time. The Functional Score is the sum of 12 question scores; total score ranges from 12 to 60.

  • Overall Satisfaction With Study Product at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall satisfaction with the study product was assessed from a participant's answer to the following question on the product acceptability and preference questionnaire at the end of study (i.e., Week 12): "What is your overall satisfaction with the study product." Participants assessed overall satisfaction with the study product in the morning and evening, based on a 6-point scale: 1, very satisfied; 2, satisfied; 3, neutral (no opinion); 4, unsatisfied; 5, very unsatisfied.


Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: October 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2010
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Duac & taz
Clindamycin 1%/Benzoyl Peroxide 5% and 0.1% tazarotene
Drug: Clindamycin 1%/Benzoyl Peroxide 5% and 0.1% tazarotene
Clindamycin 1%/Benzoyl Peroxide 5% and 0.1% tazarotene
Active Comparator: Acanya & taz
clindamycin phosphate 1.2%/benzoyl peroxide 2.5% and 0.1% tazarotene
Drug: clindamycin phosphate 1.2%/benzoyl peroxide 2.5% and 0.1% tazarotene
clindamycin phosphate 1.2%/benzoyl peroxide 2.5% and 0.1% tazarotene

Detailed Description:

This is a single-blind (investigator-blinded), randomized, parallel group, single center study to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of combination therapy with Duac Gel/Tazorac Cream and Acanya Gel/Tazorac Cream for the treatment of facial acne vulgaris. Approximately 40 male and female subjects will be enrolled (20 per study group).

Subjects will participate in the study for 12 weeks; visits will be scheduled at baseline and at weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 (total of 6 visits). Eligible subjects will be randomized at baseline to 1 of the 2 study groups in a 1:1 ratio (Duac Gel/Tazorac Cream to Acanya Gel/Tazorac Cream). Subjects will apply either Duac Gel or Acanya Gel to the face each morning and apply Tazorac Cream to the face each evening.

Tolerability will be evaluated through subject assessments of burning/stinging, itching, and oiliness and through investigator assessments of peeling, erythema, and dryness. In addition, subjects will evaluate their overall skin comfort and record the usage of moisturizer and sunscreen, if needed. Efficacy will be assessed through lesion counts (total, inflammatory and noninflammatory) and ISGA. Safety will be assessed by evaluating adverse events (AEs), concomitant medication use, and withdrawals from the study.

This is an investigator-blinded study; therefore, subjects and study-center staff will not be blinded to study treatment allocation. Subjects (and parents or legal guardians) and study-center staff will be instructed not to reveal study product allocation to the investigator.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 45 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented diagnosis of acne vulgaris.
  • Lesion count: 20 to 50 inflammatory (papules and pustules) and 30 to 100 noninflammatory (open and closed - comedones) facial lesions excluding nose, and ≤ 1 small nodular lesion. Cystic lesions are not allowed at baseline.
  • Investigator Static Global Assessment of 3 or 4 at Baseline.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically relevant finding at baseline or medical history of severe systemic diseases or diseases of the facial skin, other than acne vulgaris.
  • Subjects with cystic acne lesions.
  • Facial hair that may obscure the accurate assessment of acne grade.
  • History or presence of regional enteritis or inflammatory bowel disease (eg, ulcerative colitis, pseudomembranous colitis, chronic diarrhea, celiac disease or a history of antibiotic-associated colitis) or similar symptoms.
  • Concurrent use of medications known to be photosensitizers (eg, thiazides, tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones, phenothiazines, and sulfonamides) because of the possibility of increased phototoxicity.
  • Concomitant use of neuromuscular blocking agents. Clindamycin has neuromuscular blocking activities, which may enhance the action of other neuromuscular blocking agents.
  • Use of topical anti-acne medications (eg, benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, azelaic acid, resorcinol, salicylates, sulfacetamide sodium and derivatives, and glycolic acid) within the past 2 weeks.
  • Use of topical antibiotics on the face within the past 2 weeks or systemic antibiotics within the past 4 weeks.
  • Use of topical corticosteroids on the face or systemic corticosteroids within the past 2 to 4 weeks, respectively. Use of inhaled, intra-articular or intra lesional (other than for facial acne lesions) steroids is acceptable.
  • Use of systemic retinoids, such as Isotretinoin, within the past 6 months.
  • Concomitant use of the following types of facial products: astringents, toners, abradants, hair removal wax, facials, peels containing glycolic or other acids, masks, washes or soaps containing benzoyl peroxide, sulfacetamide sodium or salicylic acid, non-mild facial cleansers, or moisturizers that contain retinol, salicylic acid, or α- or β hydroxy acids.
  • Concomitant use of medications that are reported to exacerbate acne, (eg, vitamins such as vitamin D, vitamin A, vitamins B2, B6, B12; haloperidol, halogens such as iodide and bromide, lithium, cyclosporine, psoralen, sirolimus, imatinib, aripiprazole, isoniazid, valproate acid, hydantoin, and phenobarbital) as these may impact efficacy assessments. Iron supplements and folate are acceptable.
  • Facial procedures (eg, chemical peel, lasers/lights, photodynamic therapy, microdermabrasion, artificial ultraviolet therapy) performed by an esthetician, beautician, physician, nurse, or other practitioner, within the past 4 weeks.
  • Known hypersensitivity or previous allergic reaction to any component(s) or excipient(s) of the study products.
  • Use of any investigational medications or treatments within the past 4 weeks.
  • Treatment with estrogens, including oral, implanted and topical contraceptives, androgens, or anti-androgenic agents for 12 weeks or less immediately prior to starting study product and have not been prescribed for the treatment of Acne Vulgaris. Subjects that have been treated with estrogens, as described above, androgens, or anti androgenic agents for more than 12 consecutive weeks prior to start of study treatment are allowed to enroll as long as they do not expect to change dose, medication, or discontinue use during the study.
  • Evidence of recent alcohol or drug abuse (in the opinion of the investigator).
  • Live in the same household as currently enrolled subjects.
  • Employee of the investigator, a clinical research organization, or Stiefel Laboratories who is involved in the study or an immediate family member (eg, partner, offspring, parents, siblings or sibling's offspring) of an employee involved in the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01016977

Sponsors and Collaborators
Stiefel, a GSK Company
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided by GlaxoSmithKline

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Cheri Hudson; Clinical Disclosure Advisor, GSK Clinical Disclosure
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01016977     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01334970
Other Study ID Numbers: 114566
Study First Received: November 19, 2009
Results First Received: January 19, 2012
Last Updated: February 23, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acne Vulgaris
Acneiform Eruptions
Skin Diseases
Facial Dermatoses
Sebaceous Gland Diseases
Tazarotene
Benzoyl Peroxide
Clindamycin
Clindamycin-2-phosphate
Dermatologic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Keratolytic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014