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Tibial Delayed Healing Pivotal Clinical Trial

This study has been terminated.
(Difficulty in patient recruitment)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medtronic Spinal and Biologics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01016067
First received: November 17, 2009
Last updated: October 29, 2014
Last verified: October 2014
  Purpose

Evaluate the INFUSE/MASTERGRAFT™ Delayed Healing Device as an alternative/replacement to autograft in the treatment of tibial delayed healing.


Condition Intervention Phase
Tibial Delayed Healing
Device: INFUSE/MASTERGRAFT
Procedure: Autograft bone
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Randomized, Multicenter Pivotal Clinical Trial of the INFUSE/MASTERGRAFT™ Delayed Healing Device With Rigid Internal Fixation in the Treatment of Tibial Delayed Healing

Further study details as provided by Medtronic Spinal and Biologics:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Success [ Time Frame: 12 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Overall success is reported as participants who met all of the following criteria: 1. radiographic union success; 2. success in weight bearing ability; 3. improvement in pain at the delayed healing site; 4. no serious adverse event classified as "implant-associated" or "implant/surgical procedure-associated" (device-related); 5.no additional surgical procedures classified as a failure.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Radiographic Union Success [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Radiographic union success (a component of overall success) was defined as complete disappearance of fracture lines or the presence of bridging bone across the delayed healing site as observed on at least three of the four cortices (anterior, posterior, medial, and lateral), using plain films. If there was more than one delayed healing fracture line, all fracture lines must have been united in order to be considered a successful fracture union.

  • Success in Weight Bearing Ability [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Success in weight bearing ability (a component of overall success) was defined that subject was able to bear weight without severe pain on the affected limb. The subject was asked to stand, bearing full weight on the affected limb in a single-leg stance without ambulatory assistance for 10 seconds. If the subject was able to do so without severe pain, a positive (success) response was recorded. If the subject was either unable to stand on the affected limb in a single-leg stance or declined to do so because of limb weakness, poor balance, or severe leg pain, a negative (failure) response was documented.

  • Success of Pain Status at the Delayed Healing Site [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    After walking five or six steps, subjects rated their intensity of pain/discomfort at the delayed healing site using a numerical rating scale from 0-10, with a score of 0 representing "no pain" and a score of 10 representing "pain as bad as it could be". Subjects who were unable or declined to walk because of severe leg pain were considered to have a score of 10. Success for pain at the delayed healing site was defined as at least a 2-point improvement in pain from the pre-operative score. Success of pain status at the delayed healing site was a component of overall success.

  • Success in Short Musculoskeletal Functional Assessment (SMFA) [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SMFA is an assessment tool that measures a subject's overall function for a broad range of musculoskeletal injuries and disorders. The SMFA results were summarized into two components, the dysfunctional index and the bother index. Success for the SMFA assessment was defined as any improvement post-operatively as compared to the pre-operative condition.

  • Success in Short Form 36-Item (SF-36) Health Survey [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    SF-36 was used to assess general health status. The SF-36 results were summarized into two components, a physical component summary (PCS) and a mental component summary (MCS). Success was defined as any improvement in a subject's SF-36 PCS post-operatively as compared to the pre-operative condition.

  • Number of Subjects Having Additional Surgical Procedure Classified as a Treatment "Failure" [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Subject who had a surgery after the original study treatment was classified as a treatment "failure" if the additional surgery or treatment occurred in the involved limb and affected the study treatment and/or its mechanism of action in relation to the diagnosis or condition of the subject that was the cause for having the original study treatment.


Enrollment: 23
Study Start Date: November 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2013
Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: INFUSE/MASTERGRAFT
Patients received INFUSE/MASTERGRAFT granules with rigid internal fixation.
Device: INFUSE/MASTERGRAFT
INFUSE® (rhBMP-2) on an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) and MASTERGRAFT® granules with appropriate rigid internal fixation hardware (reamed IM nail or plate/screws)
Other Names:
  • INFUSE
  • MASTERGRAFT
Active Comparator: Autograft bone
Patients received autograft bone with rigid internal fixation.
Procedure: Autograft bone
Autogenous bone graft with appropriate rigid internal fixation hardware (reamed IM nail or plate/screws)
Other Name: Autogenous bone graft

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the INFUSE/MASTERGRAFT™ Delayed Healing Device as an alternative/replacement to autograft in the treatment of tibial delayed healing. A subject will be considered to have tibial delayed healing when he/she is at least six months from the date of the most recent surgical intervention and has shown no signs of radiographic healing for at least three months. Radiographic signs of healing for this study are defined as either the progressive disappearance of fracture lines or the development of cortical continuity [bridging bone] at the site. All prospective patients must require surgical treatment with rigid internal fixation [reamed IM nail or plate/screws] and bone grafting.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Has tibial delayed healing. A subject will be considered to have delayed healing when he/she is at least six months from the date of the most recent surgical intervention and has shown no signs of radiographic healing for at least three months. (Radiographic signs of healing for this study are defined as either the progressive disappearance of fracture lines or the development of cortical continuity [bridging bone] at the site.)
  2. Has delayed healing of the tibia that requires treatment with rigid internal fixation and bone grafting. (Stable rigid internal fixation hardware may already be in place prior to treatment. If required, the fixation hardware may be removed and replaced along with the placement of the bone graft.)
  3. Has adequate soft tissue coverage at the delayed healing site. All prior soft tissue coverage procedures (e.g., skin grafts or flaps) should be sufficiently healed for placement of a bone graft prior to enrollment in the study.
  4. Has a sufficient amount of iliac crest autograft available for a bone grafting procedure.
  5. After walking 5 or 6 steps, has intensity of pain/discomfort at the injury site equal to or greater than 4 (as reported on the preoperative Delayed Healing Site Pain Questionnaire form; 0 being no pain and 10 being pain as bad as it could be).
  6. Is at least 21 years of age and skeletally mature at the time of surgery.
  7. If a female of child-bearing potential, patient is not pregnant or nursing and agrees not to become pregnant for one year following surgery in the study.
  8. Is willing and able to comply with the study plan and able to understand and sign the Patient Informed Consent Form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has a congenital pseudarthrosis or pathological fracture nonunion (not including osteoporosis-related fractures).
  2. Has a tibial delayed healing with articular involvement (e.g., intra-articular). (The original fracture may have involved the joint, but the resulting delayed healing site may not involve the joint.)
  3. Has hypertrophic tibial delayed healing (e.g., observed on x-ray as having an abundant callus or "horse hoof" appearance).
  4. Has inadequate neurovascular status in the involved limb that may jeopardize healing.
  5. Has an active or a known prior infection at the delayed healing site (e.g., the presence of purulent drainage from the site, prior positive cultures from the site, or evidence of active/prior osteomyelitis at the site). Enrolled subjects whose intra-operative cultures test positive for bacteria may remain in the study.
  6. Has existing stable hardware that will not be removed and does not meet the algorithm requirements.
  7. Has treatment planned for the delayed healing that does NOT include placement of a bone graft and/or rigid internal fixation consisting of a reamed intramedullary nail or plate/screws.
  8. Has a tibial delayed healing injury site with a bony defect larger than 4 cm in length.
  9. Has another injury/condition that prevents ambulation or completion of any of the study assessments.
  10. Has a history of endocrine or metabolic disorder known to affect osteogenesis (e.g., Paget's disease, renal osteodystrophy, hyperthyroidism, parathyroid hormone disorder, Ehler-Danlos syndrome, osteogenesis imperfecta, calcium imbalance).
  11. Has a Vitamin D deficiency, defined as a 25-hydroxy Vitamin D serum concentration of ≤11ng/mL .
  12. Has an active malignancy or prior history of malignancy (except for basal cell carcinoma of the skin).
  13. Has an overt or active systemic infection (e.g., HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, bacteremia).
  14. Has been on oral or injectable steroids for six weeks or more at time of enrollment. This does not include episodic steroid use; inhaled steroids; or steroid medication (e.g., Epidural Steroid Injections, Medrol DosePaks) specifically for the perioperative management of symptoms.
  15. Has a condition requiring postoperative medications that could interfere with bone healing of the implant, such as steroids. This does not include low dose aspirin for prophylactic anticoagulation; routine perioperative anti-inflammatory drugs; episodic steroid use; or inhaled steroids.
  16. Has a history of certain autoimmune diseases. (Refer to the List of Autoimmune Diseases in the CIP for further information.)
  17. Has a history of exposure to injectable collagen or silicone implants.
  18. Has any previous exposure to any recombinant BMPs of either human or animal extraction.
  19. Has a history of hypersensitivity to collagen or protein pharmaceuticals (e.g., monoclonal antibodies or gamma globulins).
  20. Has a history of allergy to bovine collagen products.
  21. Has a documented allergy or intolerance to metal or metal alloys, such as stainless steel or titanium.
  22. Has chronic or acute renal and/or hepatic failure or prior history of renal and/or hepatic parenchymal disease.
  23. Is mentally incompetent. If questionable, obtain psychiatric consult.
  24. Is a prisoner.
  25. Is an alcohol and/or drug abuser as defined by currently undergoing treatment for alcohol and/or drug abuse.
  26. Has received treatment with an investigational therapy (drug, device, and/or biologic) within 28 days prior to implantation surgery or such treatment is planned during the 12-month period following the study surgery
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01016067

Locations
United States, Colorado
Denver Health
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80204
United States, Florida
Shrock Orthopedic Research
Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, United States, 33316
University of Florida College of Medicine
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32209
Orlando Health
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32806
United States, Indiana
Fort Wayne Orthopaedics
Fort Wayne, Indiana, United States, 46804
Methodist Hospital
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Maryland
Sinai Hospital of Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21215
United States, Michigan
William Beaumont Hospital
Royal Oak, Michigan, United States, 48073
United States, Missouri
University of Missouri
Columbia, Missouri, United States, 65201
St. Louis University Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104
United States, New York
Lutheran Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York, United States, 11220
United States, North Carolina
Carolinas Medical Center
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28204
United States, Ohio
Ohio Health Research Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43215
United States, Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, Pennsylvania
Geisinger Clinic
Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, 17822
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medtronic Spinal and Biologics
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Medtronic Spinal and Biologics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01016067     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Medtronic P07-01
Study First Received: November 17, 2009
Results First Received: October 29, 2014
Last Updated: October 29, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Medtronic Spinal and Biologics:
Tibia
Tibial
Fracture
Nonunion
delayed
healing
iliac
crest
autograft
INFUSE
MASTERGRAFT
Fixation
Internal

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014