Therapy Trial to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Heavy Ion Radiotherapy in Patients With Osteosarcoma
The primary objectives of this trial are the determination of feasibility and toxicity of Heavy Ion Radiotherapy (C12) in patients with non-resectable osteosarcoma. Secondary endpoints are tumor response, disease free survival and overall survival. The aim is to improve outcome for patients with non-resectable osteosarcoma.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase I/II Therapy Trial to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Heavy Ion Radiotherapy in Patients With Osteosarcoma|
- feasibility, toxicity (tox) measured by the CTC Criteria .Unacceptable:grade 4 tox. A rate of acute tox (≤ 3 months during/after RT) > grade 3 of ≤ 5% and a rate of late tox > grade 3 of ≤ 3% will be acceptable. [ Time Frame: before, weekly during RT and at follow-up (1, 6 and 19 weeks, 6, 12, 24, 36 48 and 60 months after RT). ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- tumor response (RECIST criteria), disease free survival, overall survival and description of FDG-PET characteristics before and after RT. [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24, 36 48 and 60 months after RT ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: heavy ion radiotherapy
Heavy ion radiotherapy of osteosarcoma with 60 to 66 GyE (20-22 days). Before and after radiotherapy, but not during radiotherapy, chemotherapy is recommended to standard therapy protocols like EURAMOS 1 which is not part of this study.
Radiation: heavy ion radiotherapy (C12)
Desired target of Heavy ion radiotherapy is 60 to 66 Cobalt Gray Equivalent (GyE), whenever possible. It is applied through 1 - 3 isocenter treatment portals. Dose distributions are calculated and dose volume histograms (DVH) are generated. A α/β-ratio of 2 is used for biological plan optimization. Fractionation is planned to be equivalent to 6 x 3 GyE / week. Dosage to organs at risk is minimized. Treatment continues for 20 to 22 days or until one of the following criteria applies:
Other illness that prevents further administration of treatment, Patient or legal guardian decides to withdraw from the study, or changes in the patient's condition render the patient unacceptable for further treatment in the judgment of the investigator.
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. For effective treatment, local control of the tumor is absolutely critical, because the chances of long term survival are <10% and might effectively approach zero if a complete surgical resection of the tumor is not possible. Up to date there is no curative treatment protocol for patients with non-resectable osteosarcomas, who are excluded from current osteosarcoma trials , e.g. EURAMOS1. Local photon radiotherapy has previously been used in small series and in an uncontrolled, highly individualized fashion, which, however, documented that high dose radiotherapy can, in principle, be used to achieve local control. Generally the radiation dose that is necessary for a curative approach can hardly be achieved with conventional photon radiotherapy in patients with non-resectable tumors that are usually located near radiosensitive critical organs such as the brain, the spine or the pelvis. In these cases Heavy Ion Radiotherapy (HIT) may offer a promising new alternative. Moreover, compared with photons, heavy ion particles provide a higher physical selectivity because of their finite depth coverage in tissue. They achieve a higher relative biological effectiveness. Phase I/II dose escalation studies of HIT in adults with non-resectable bone and soft tissue sarcomas have already shown favorable results.
Methods/Design: This is a monocenter, non-randomized study for patients older than 6 years of age with non-resectable osteosarcoma. Desired target dose is 60-66 Cobalt Gray Equivalent (GyE). Weekly fractionation of 6 x 3 Gy E is used. HIT will be administered exclusively at the Ion Radiotherapy Center in Heidelberg. Furthermore, FDG-PET imaging characteristics of non-resectable osteosarcoma before and after HIT will be investigated prospectively. Systemic disease before and after HIT is targeted by standard chemotherapy protocols and is not part of this trial.
The primary objectives of this trial are the determination of feasibility and toxicity of HIT. Secondary endpoints are tumor response, disease free survival and overall survival. The aim is to improve outcome for patients with non-resectable osteosarcoma.
|Contact: Juergen Debus, head of dep.||0049(0)firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Susanne Oertel, senior phys.||0049(0)email@example.com|
|Heidelberger Ionenstrahltherapiezentrum (HIT), Im Neuenheimer Feld 400||Not yet recruiting|
|Heidelberg, Germany, 69120|
|Contact: Susanne Oertel, senior phys. 0049(0)6221566999 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Claudia Blattmann, senior phys. 0049(0)6221562383 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Juergen Debus, Head of Dep.|
|Sub-Investigator: Susanne Oertel, senior phys.|
|Sub-Investigator: Claudia Blattmann, senior phys.|
|Principal Investigator:||Juergen Debus, Head of Dep.||Heidelberger Ionenstrahltherapiezentrum, HIT, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany|