Avastin/Radiation (XRT)/Temozolomide (Temodar) Followed by Avastin/Temodar/Topotecan for Glioblastoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Genentech, Inc.
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01004874
First received: October 28, 2009
Last updated: August 26, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

This is a phase II study of the combination of radiation therapy, temozolomide and Avastin followed by Avastin, temozolomide, and topotecan in grade IV malignant glioma patients.


Condition Intervention Phase
Malignant Glioma
Glioblastoma Multiforme
Gliosarcoma
Drug: Bevacizumab
Drug: Temozolomide
Radiation: Radiation Therapy (XRT)
Drug: Topotecan
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Avastin in Combination With Radiation and Temozolomide Followed by Avastin, Temozolomide, and Topotecan for Glioblastoma Multiformes and Gliosarcomas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Duke University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • 6-month Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants surviving six months from the start of study treatment without progression of disease. PFS was defined as the time from the date of study treatment initiation to the date of the first documented progression according to the Macdonald criteria, or to death due to any cause.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • One and Two Year Overall Survival [ Time Frame: One year and two years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time in months from the start of study treatment to date of death due to any cause. Patients alive as of the last follow-up had OS censored at the last follow-up date.

  • Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 27 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OS was defined as time in months from the start of study treatment to date of death due to any cause. Patients alive as of the last follow-up had OS censored at the last follow-up date. Median OS was estimated using a Kaplan-Meier curve.

  • Number of Patients Experiencing a Central Nervous System (CNS) Hemorrhage or a Systemic Hemorrhage [ Time Frame: 27 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of times a CNS hemorrhage or systemic hemorrhage was experienced

  • Number of Patients Experiencing a Greater Than or Equal to Grade 4 Hematologic or a Greater Than or Equal to Grade 3 Non-hematologic Toxicity [ Time Frame: 27 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of times a grade ≥4 hematologic or grade ≥3 non-hematologic toxicity was experienced

  • Median Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: 27 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS was defined as time in months from the start of study treatment to the date of first progression according to Macdonald criteria, or to death due to any cause. Patients alive who had not progressed as of the last follow-up had PFS censored at the last follow-up date. Median PFS was estimated using a Kaplan-Meier curve.


Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: December 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2015
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Bevacizumab, XRT, Temozolomide, Topotecan Drug: Bevacizumab
Bevacizumab (Avastin) at 10 mg/kg every other week during standard radiation therapy (XRT). Following XRT, bevacizumab will remain at 10 mg/kg every other week.
Other Name: Avastin
Drug: Temozolomide
Daily temozolomide at 75 mg/ m2 daily for 6.5 weeks of radiation therapy (XRT). Following XRT, temozolomide will be dosed at 150 mg/m2 daily the first 5 days of each 28-day cycle.
Other Name: Temodar
Radiation: Radiation Therapy (XRT)
Standard radiation therapy for approximately 6.5 weeks
Drug: Topotecan
Following standard radiation therapy, patients will receive topotecan on days 2 through 6 of each 28-day cycle at a dose of 1.5 mg/m2 for patients not taking enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (EIAEDs) and 2.0 mg/m2 for patients taking EIAEDs.
Other Name: Hycamtin

Detailed Description:

The primary objective of this study is to use 6-month progression-free survival to assess the efficacy of the combination of radiation therapy, temozolomide and Avastin followed by Avastin, temozolomide, and topotecan in the treatment of grade IV malignant glioma patients following surgical resection. Secondary objectives are to determine the overall survival following the combination of radiation therapy, temozolomide and Avastin followed by Avastin, temozolomide, and topotecan and to describe the toxicity of radiation therapy, temozolomide and Avastin followed by Avastin, temozolomide, and topotecan.

The study will have survival and toxicity endpoints. Patients will be treated with standard radiation therapy and daily temozolomide for 6 and a half weeks of radiation. Avastin will be administered every other week beginning a minimum of 28 days after the last major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury. Following completion of radiation therapy, patients will have a MRI and if there is no evidence of disease progression, patients will receive 12 cycles of Avastin, temozolomide, and topotecan (beginning a minimum of 14 days after the last radiation treatment). Subjects will be identified by the investigator as those patients who have newly diagnosed grade 4 malignant glioma (glioblastoma multiforme or gliosarcoma), and be within 6 weeks of the last major surgical procedure, craniotomy, open biopsy, or stereotactic biopsy.

Fifty (50) patients will initially be accrued to the study and the overall efficacy of the treatment regimen assessed. Analyses will be conducted within subgroups defined by methylation status.

Early side effects of radiation that may start during radiation include hair loss, scalp redness, inflammation of the ear canals, and fatigue. There is a small chance of long-term effects from radiation, occurring after months or years after completion. These may include worsening of mental function, hearing, vision, strength and coordination. In initial Phase I and II clinical trials, four potential Avastin-associated safety signals were identified: hypertension, proteinuria, thromboembolic events, and hemorrhage. Temozolomide has been well tolerated by both adults and children with the most common toxicity being mild myelosuppression. Other, less likely, potential toxicities include nausea and vomiting, constipation, headache, alopecia, rash, burning sensation of skin, esophagitis, pain, diarrhea, lethargy, and hepatotoxicity. With topotecan, reversible myelosuppression with leukopenia and thrombocytopenia is dose limiting. Nausea and vomiting, as well as diarrhea and alopecia, are frequent. Moderate fatigue, transient elevation of hepatic transaminase levels, stomatitis, anemia, fever, mucositis, flu-like symptoms, and rash have been reported.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed diagnosis of WHO grade IV primary malignant glioma (glioblastoma multiforme or gliosarcoma). Patients have to be within 6 weeks of the last major surgical procedure.
  • Age > or = to 18 years.
  • An interval of at least 2 weeks and not > 6 weeks between prior major surgical procedure and study enrollment.
  • No prior radiotherapy or chemotherapy for a brain tumor
  • Karnofsky > or = to 60%.
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dl, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500 cells/microliter, platelets ≥ 125,000 cells/microliter.
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dl, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal.
  • Signed informed consent approved by the Institutional Review Board
  • If sexually active, patients must agree to use appropriate contraceptive measures for the duration of the study and for 6 months afterwards as stated in the informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy or breast feeding.
  • Co-medication that may interfere with study results; e.g. immuno-suppressive agents other than corticosteroids.
  • Active infection requiring IV antibiotics.
  • Prior treatment with radiotherapy or chemotherapy for a brain tumor, irrespective of the grade of the tumor.
  • Evidence of > grade 1 central nervous system (CNS) hemorrhage on baseline MRI on CT scan.

Avastin-specific Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 and/or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg)
  • Prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure
  • History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to study enrollment
  • History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to study enrollment
  • Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, requiring surgical repair or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to study enrollment
  • History of hemoptysis (≥ ½ teaspoon of bright red blood per episode) within 1 month prior to study enrollment
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy (in the absence of therapeutic anticoagulation)
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to study enrollment or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • Core biopsy or other minor surgical procedure, excluding placement of a vascular access device, within 7 days prior to study enrollment
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation within 6 months prior to study enrollment
  • Serious, non-healing wound, active ulcer, or untreated bone fracture
  • Proteinuria at screening as demonstrated by either urine protein:creatinine (UPC) ratio ≥ 1.0 at screening OR urine dipstick for proteinuria ≥ 2+ (patients discovered to have ≥2+ proteinuria on dipstick urinalysis at baseline should undergo a 24-hour urine collection and must demonstrate ≤ 1g of protein in 24 hours to be eligible).
  • Known hypersensitivity to any component of Avastin
  • Pregnant (positive pregnancy test) or lactation. Use of effective means of contraception (men and women) in subjects of child-bearing potential
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01004874

Locations
United States, North Carolina
The Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center at Duke
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Genentech, Inc.
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Annick Desjardins, MD, FRCPC Duke University
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01004874     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00019960
Study First Received: October 28, 2009
Results First Received: December 12, 2012
Last Updated: August 26, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Duke University:
malignant glioma
glioblastoma multiforme
gliosarcoma
Avastin
bevacizumab
Topotecan
Hycamtin
Temozolomide
Temodar
Pro00019960
Vredenburgh
Duke

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioblastoma
Gliosarcoma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Bevacizumab
Dacarbazine
Temozolomide
Topotecan
Alkylating Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Enzyme Inhibitors
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014