Squire's Quest! II: Implementation Intentions and Children's Fruit, Juice, and Vegetable (FJV) Consumption (SQ!II)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
USDA Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Deborah Thompson, Baylor College of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01004094
First received: October 28, 2009
Last updated: November 21, 2011
Last verified: November 2011
  Purpose

The primary purpose of this research is to test the effects of goal setting on fruit and vegetable goal attainment and consumption in a 10 episode video game. Factors associated with maintenance of behavior change will also be examined. Secondary purposes are to explore the impact of the intervention on psychosocial factors and the home environment. 400 parent-child pairs will be recruited for this research (800 participants total). Children will play the video game and participate in data collection activities. Parents will receive newsletters, have access to a healthy foods web site, and participate in data collection activities. A small subset will be randomly selected to participate in interviews about the intervention and its effect on the home food environment.


Condition Intervention Phase
Obesity
Cancer
Behavioral: simple goal setting
Behavioral: goal setting plus action intentions
Behavioral: goal setting plus coping intentions
Behavioral: goal setting plus action intentions plus coping intentions
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Squire's Quest! II: Implementation Intentions and Children's FJV Consumption

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Baylor College of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Fruit and vegetable consumption [ Time Frame: baseline, immediate post, 3 months later ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Goal attainment [ Time Frame: during intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 800
Study Start Date: October 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2011
Primary Completion Date: March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: simple goal setting
This group will only set a goal.
Behavioral: simple goal setting
This group will set goals only
Other Name: goal setting
Experimental: goal setting plus action intentions
This group will set goals and form action intentions (plans) to facilitate goal attainment.
Behavioral: goal setting plus action intentions
This group will set goals and form action intentions (plans)
Other Names:
  • implementation intentions
  • action plans
Experimental: goal setting plus coping intentions
This group will set goals and form coping intentions (plans) to facilitate goal attainment.
Behavioral: goal setting plus coping intentions
This group will set goals and form coping intentions (plans)
Other Names:
  • implementation intentions
  • problem solving
Experimental: goal setting plus action intentions plus coping intentions
This group will set goals, form action intentions (plans), and form coping intentions (plans) to facilitate goal attainment.
Behavioral: goal setting plus action intentions plus coping intentions
This group will set goals and form action intentions and coping intentions
Other Names:
  • implementation intentions
  • action plans
  • problem solving

Detailed Description:

Obesity is increasing among youth and is associated with increased risk of certain cancers and other chronic diseases. Fruit, juice, and vegetable (FJV) intake is associated with decreased risk of many types of cancer and obesity, but is well below the recommended minimum of five servings a day. Innovative methods are needed to promote increased consumption among youth.

Goal setting enhances goal attainment and, therefore, facilitates behavior change. Little research has been conducted, however, on the most effective goal setting methods to use with youth. Among adults, the formation of implementation intentions (a detailed plan of when, where, and how goals will be achieved) has been shown to enhance goal attainment and/or behavior change, including dietary change. Research is needed to determine if extending the goal setting process to include implementation intentions is an effective method for enhancing goal attainment, and therefore, increasing FJV intake among youth.

Squire's Quest! is a proven-effective 10-session, 5 week interactive multi media program that enabled children to increase FJV consumption by 1.0 servings a day. Total consumption was still well below five servings a day, however. Additionally, goal attainment was related to FJV consumption among certain sub-groups of youth. Therefore, additional work in this area is warranted. The research outlined in this proposal will expand the goal setting component of this successful intervention to include the formation of implementation intentions. Hypotheses related to the impact of implementation intentions on goal attainment and FJV consumption will then be tested. Issues related to maintenance of youth dietary behavior change will also be explored.

This project is relevant to public health because enhancing our understanding of how to more effectively help young children set and achieve FJV goals should result in increased FJV consumption, which should decrease risk of both obesity and certain cancers in a vulnerable segment of the population.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 12 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • child: 4th or 5th grade children who speak, write, and understand English; have access to a computer with high speed internet; provide written parental consent and child assent; and have a parent who speaks and understands English or Spanish who is willing to participate in the study
  • Parents: parent or legal guardian of a child participating in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • child: not meeting inclusion criteria; having physical, mental, or medical limitations that inhibit ability to fully participate in the study (answer questions online and over the phone, play the video game, eat fruit and vegetables); and/or not having a parent/legal guardian willing to participate in data collection activities.
  • Parents. Exclusion criteria are limited to not meeting the inclusion criteria.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01004094

Locations
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Baylor College of Medicine
USDA Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Deborah Thompson, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01004094     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Thompson_Squires_Quest_II, 5R01HD050595
Study First Received: October 28, 2009
Last Updated: November 21, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Baylor College of Medicine:
children
video games
internet
parents
fruit
vegetable
implementation intention
goal setting
fruit and vegetable consumption
obesity prevention
cancer prevention

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Body Weight
Nutrition Disorders
Overnutrition
Overweight
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014