Neuropsychologic, Neuroradiologic, Endocrinologic, and Genetic Aspects of Klinefelter Syndrome
The purpose of this study is to investigate the following:
- Whether Klinefelter Syndrome is associated with altered total and regional brain volumes and altered brain activity.
- The influence of genetic factors and testosterone treatment on the neuropsychological phenotype, total and regional brain volumes and brain activity in men with Klinefelter syndrome.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||Neuropsychologic, Neuroradiologic, Endocrinologic, and Genetic Aspects of Klinefelter Syndrome|
Whole blood, serum, plasma
|Study Start Date:||November 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|parents of Klinefelter groupe|
Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most common sex-chromosome disorder in men with a prevalence of 1 in 660 men. Men with the syndrome have an additional X-chromosome. The syndrome is associated with cognitive and behavioral dysfunction and also with hypogonadism. Magnetic resonance imaging have pointed to different volumetric alterations in several brain structures. Several genetic factors involving the X-chromosome have been suggested to influence the neuropsychological phenotype in men with KS.
The aim of this study is to investigate the following: 1.Whether KS is associated with altered total and regional brain volumes and altered brain activity. 2.Whether genetic factors influence the neuropsychological phenotype, total and regional brain volumes, and brain activity in men with KS. 3.Whether testosterone treatment improves cognitive skills and change brain activity in men with KS.
Participants are divided in 5 groups: 1. 50 men with KS who receive testosterone treatment. 2. 50 men KS who do not receive testosterone treatment. 3. 100 age-matched control men.4. 50 age-matched control women are included as a control group for X-chromosome inactivation pattern. 5. Parents of KS subjects in group 1 and 2 are included to determine the parental origin of the supernumerary X-chromosome. Methods include a 3-hour battery of standardized neuropsychological tests to cover a broad range of cognitive domains and to assess major domains of personality. We use magnetic resonance imaging to measure total and regional brain volumes and functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure brain activity while subjects are performing a attention-demanding cognitive task. The genetic testing includes the parental origin of the supernumerary X-chromosome, the pattern of X-chromosome inactivation, androgen receptor (AR) CAGn repeat length, and gene expression profile of brain-expressed genes.
|Medical Department M, Endocrinology and Diabetes, and Medical Research Laboratories, Clinical Institute, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44|
|Aarhus, Denmark, 8000|
|Principal Investigator:||Claus H Gravholt, MD, DMSCI||Medical Department M, Endocrinology and Diabetes, and Medical Research Laboratories, Clinical Institute, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark|
|Principal Investigator:||Anne S Jensen, MD||University of Aarhus|