Shoulder Injury Prevention Program in Swimmers

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00998777
First received: October 19, 2009
Last updated: January 9, 2012
Last verified: January 2012
  Purpose

The primary purpose of this study is to assess changes in shoulder muscle strength, shoulder movement, shoulder flexibility, muscle thickness, upper arm torsion angle, and subacromial width (space where the rotator cuff muscle passes through) after completing a 6-week shoulder strengthening and stretching program in division I collegiate swimmers. The result of this study may demonstrate the effectiveness of a strengthening and stretching program to positively influence factors that have been associated with pain and injury in division I collegiate swimmers and indicate the need to implement this program for the entire team. Following a 6-week strengthening and stretching program, it is believed that scapular kinematics, shoulder flexibility, and shoulder and scapular stabilizer strength will be improved compared to control subjects.


Condition Intervention Phase
Shoulder Injury
Procedure: Shoulder Strengthening
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effect of a 6-week Shoulder Strengthening Program on Scapular Kinematics and Shoulder Strength in Division I Collegiate Swimmers

Further study details as provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Shoulder and Scapular Stabilizer Strength [ Time Frame: Measured pre and post test ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Scapular Kinematics [ Time Frame: Measured pre and post test ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Shoulder ROM [ Time Frame: Measured pre and post test ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Postural Assessment [ Time Frame: Measured pre and post test ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Width of subacromial space [ Time Frame: Measured pre and post test ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Shoulder Strengthening
The shoulder strengthening program is a 6-week intervention aimed to improve shoulder and scapular stabilizer strength and scapular kinematics. The program includes 10 exercises: shoulder flexion, Ys,Ts,Ws, Throwing Acceleration, Throwing Deceleration, Low Rows, Dynamic Hug, IR @ 90, and ER @ 90. The program also includes 2 stretches: sleeper stretch and corner stretch.
Procedure: Shoulder Strengthening
The intervention program is a 6 week shoulder and scapular stabilizer strengthening program that is performed 3 times per week. The program includes 10 exercises that are performed with Theraband rubber tubing and 2 stretches. The exercises are: shoulder flexion, Ys, Ts, Ws, IR @ 90, ER @ 90, Throwing acceleration, Throwing deceleration, dynamic hug, and low rows. The stretches include the sleeper stretch and the corner stretch.
Other Name: Shoulder injury prevention, tubing program for athletes

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 25 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects will be included in the study if they meet the following criteria:

    • NCAA division I swimmers
    • Participate in swimming for at least 30 minutes per day for 4 days per week.
    • Participate in all team weight lifting sessions.
    • Complete 15 of the 18 training sessions if the subject is placed in the treatment group.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects will be excluded from the study if:

    • They are currently being treated for shoulder pain
    • They develop shoulder pain during the course of the intervention program
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00998777

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Dean E. Smith Center
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27510
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth Hibberd UNC-Chapel Hill
Study Director: Joseph B Myers, PhD, ATC UNC- Chapel Hill
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00998777     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SwimmersShoulder
Study First Received: October 19, 2009
Last Updated: January 9, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
tubing program
shoulder strengthening
injury prevention

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014