Pivotal Study of Iodine I 131 Tositumomab for Chemotherapy-refractory Low-grade or Transformed Low-grade B-cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00989664
First received: October 1, 2009
Last updated: March 15, 2012
Last verified: January 2011
  Purpose

The results from Phase 1/2 (RIT-I-000) and Phase 2 (RIT-II-001) studies of Tositumomab and Iodine I 131 Tositumomab (TST/I-131 TST) demonstrated that TST/ I-131 TST produced a high response rate in patients with chemotherapy-relapsed/refractory, low-grade or transformed low-grade Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL). On the basis of these results this study was designed to compare the efficacy of TST/ I-131 TST to the last qualifying chemotherapy regimen in patients with chemotherapy-refractory, low-grade or transformed low-grade NHL.


Condition Intervention Phase
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Biological: Tositumomab and Iodine I 131 Tositumomab
Phase 2

GlaxoSmithKline has indicated that access to an investigational treatment associated with this study is available outside the clinical trial.  

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicenter, Pivotal Phase III Study of Iodine-131 Anti-B1 Antibody (Murine) Radioimmunotherapy for Chemotherapy Refractory Low Grade B Cell Lymphomas and Low Grade Lymphomas That Have Transformed to Higher Grade Histologies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants (Par.) Receiving TST and I 131 TST With a Response >=30 Days Versus Par. With a Response >=30 Days After Their Last Qualifying Chemotherapy Regimen (LQCR), Masked Independent Randomized Radiology and Oncology Review (MIRROR) Panel [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Par. with response are those with complete response (CR; complete resolution of all disease-related radiological abnormalities and the disappearance of all signs/symptoms related to disease), complete response unconfirmed (CRu; meets characteristics of CR, except the nodal size hasn't regressed sufficiently, or there is indeterminate bone marrow), or partial response (PR; >=50% reduction in the sum of the products of the longest perpendicular diameters of all measurable lesions with no new lesions). Participants' LQCR was used as a comparator for subsequent treatment with Iodine I 131TST.

  • Duration of Response for Par. Receiving TST and I 131 TST With a Response >=30 Days Versus the Number of Par. With a Response >=30 Days After Their LQCR, as Assessed by the MIRROR Panel [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of response is defined as the time from the first documented response (for par. with complete response, complete response unconfirmed, or partial response) until disease progression (DP). DP is defined as a >=25% increase from the nadir value (lowest laboratory value recorded following administration of the study medication) of the sum of the products of the longest perpendicular diameters of all measurable lesions or the appearance of any new lesion. Individual lesions must be >2 centimeters (cm) in diameter by radiographic evaluation or >1 cm in diameter by physical examination.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Any Uncofirmed Response (CR, Clinical Complete Response [CCR], or PR), CR, CCR, CR+CCR, and PR), as Assessed by the Investigator [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with response include those with CR, CCR, or PR. Criteria for CR: complete resolution of all disease-related radiological abnormalities and the disappearance of all signs and symptoms related to the disease. Criteria for CCR: complete resolution of all disease-related symptoms, but residual foci, thought to be residual scar tissue, are present. Criteria for PR: >=50% reduction in the sum of the products of the longest perpendicular diameters of all measurable lesions with no new lesions.

  • Number of Participants With Any Confirmed Response (CR, CCR, or PR), Confirmed CR, Confirmed CCR, Confirmed CR+CCR, and Confirmed PR, as Assessed by Investigator [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Responses had to be confirmed by 2 separate evaluations occurring >=4 weeks apart. Par. with confirmed response include those with CR, CCR , or PR. A confirmed response (CR/CCR/PR) had to be confirmed by a consecutive response (>=28 days [ 4 weeks] later) that was the same or better. Individual confirmed response data only counts that response confirmed by the same response; thus, not all possible combinations are represented.

  • Time to Progression of Disease or Death, as Assessed by the Investigator [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to progression or progression-free survival is defined as the time from the dosimetric dose to the first documented occurrence of disease progression or death. Disease progression is defined as a >=25% increase from the nadir value (lowest laboratory value recorded following administration of the study medication) of the sum of the products of the longest perpendicular diameters of all measurable lesions or the appearance of any new lesion. Individual lesions must be >2 cm in diameter by radiographic evaluation or >1 cm in diameter by physical examination.

  • Time to Treatment Failure, as Assessed by the Investigator [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to treatment failure is defined as the length of time from the date of enrollment to the first incidence of treatment withdrawal, study removal, progression, and/or alternative therapy for the participant's lymphoma, or death.

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from the treatment start date to the date of death from any cause.

  • Number of Participants With Responses of CR, CCR, CR+CCR, and PR Following TST and I 131 TST and Following the LQCR, as Assessed by the Investigator [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants with response include those with CR, CCR, or PR. Criteria for CR: complete resolution of all disease-related radiological abnormalities and the disappearance of all signs and symptoms related to the disease. Criteria for CCR: complete resolution of all disease-related symptoms, but residual foci, thought to be residual scar tissue, are present. Criteria for PR: >=50% reduction in the sum of the products of the longest perpendicular diameters of all measurable lesions with no new lesions.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Adverse Events (AE) Related to Study Drug Experienced by at Least 5% of Participants [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment. The Investigator assessed whether the adverse event was related to study drug.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Grade 3 or Grade 4 AEs Experienced by at Least 5% of Participants [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AEs were graded using the Common Toxicity Criteria from the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program, Division of Cancer Therapy, National Cancer Institute. Grades: 0 = No AE or within normal limits; 1 = Mild AE; 2 = Moderate AE; 3 = Severe and undesirable AE; 4 = Life-threatening or disabling AE; 5 = Death related to AE.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Grade 3 or Grade 4 AEs Related to Study Drug and Experienced by at Least 5% of Participants [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AEs were graded using the Common Toxicity Criteria from the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program, Division of Cancer Therapy, National Cancer Institute. Grades: 0 = No AE or within normal limits; 1 = Mild AE; 2 = Moderate AE; 3 = Severe and undesirable AE; 4 = Life-threatening or disabling AE; 5 = Death related to AE. The Investigator assessed whether the AE was possibly or probably related to study drug. In addition, all laboratory-derived hematologic toxicities (values outside the normal range) were assumed to be possibly or probably related to study drug.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Primary Cause of Death [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The primary cause of death of the participants was assessed by the Investigator.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Time to Death From the Last Dose of Study Drug [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to death from the last dose of study drug is the time period difference between when study drug treatment stopped and when death occurred.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Fatal Serious Adverse Events (SAE) Unrelated to Study Drug [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An SAE is any event occurring at any dose that results in any of the following: death, a life-threatening adverse drug experience (ADE; at immediate risk of death from the experience as it occurred), inpatient hospitalization/prolongation of existing hospitalization, a persistent/significant disability/incapacity, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect. Medical events that may not result in death, be life threatening, or require hospitalization may be considered to be a serious ADEs when based upon appropriate medical judgment. Relatedness was based on the Investigator's medical judgment.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Fatal SAEs Related to Study Drug [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An SAE is any event occurring at any dose that results in any of the following: death, a life-threatening adverse drug experience (ADE; at immediate risk of death from the experience as it occurred), inpatient hospitalization/prolongation of existing hospitalization, a persistent/significant disability/incapacity, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect. Medical events that may not result in death, be life threatening, or require hospitalization may be considered to be a serious AEs when based upon appropriate medical judgment. Relatedness was based on the Investigator's medical judgement.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated SAEs Related to Study Drug [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An SAE is any event occurring at any dose that results in any of the following: death, a life-threatening adverse drug experience (ADE; at immediate risk of death from the experience as it occurred), inpatient hospitalization/prolongation of existing hospitalization, a persistent/significant disability/incapacity, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect. Medical events that may not result in death, be life threatening, or require hospitalization may be considered to be a serious ADEs when based upon appropriate medical judgment. Relatedness was based on the Investigator's medical judgement.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Type of Infection [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An infection is the colonization of a host organism by a parasite species. Infecting parasites seek to use the host's resources to reproduce, often resulting in disease. Specimen samples of the body fluid are cultured for testing whether the infectious organism is present and grown in the culture media to assess the growth pattern of the organisms present in the specimen. The culture results could be positive or negative. The positive culture results indicate that the tested participant has the infection under investigation, in which case therapeutic treatment with anti-infective is required.

  • Number of Participants With an Infection for Which Anti-infectives Were Administered [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Anti-infectives are capable of acting against infection, by inhibiting the spread of an infectious agent or by killing the infectious agent outright. Anti-infective is a general term that encompasses antibacterials, antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoans, and antivirals.

  • Number of Participants Who Were Negative for Human Anti-murine Antibodies (HAMA) at Baseline (Before Receiving the Dosimetric Dose) But Positive or Negative After Receiving the Dosimetric Dose [ Time Frame: HAMA was measured at baseline; Day5; Weeks 7, 17, 25; and then every 12 months while in study BEX104526. Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The administration of murine antibodies may form HAMA. A HAMA assay was performed using the ImmunoSTRIP HAMA IgG enzyme-linked immune absorbent assay by a central laboratory (Covance Classic Laboratory Services, Indianapolis, IN). Fludarabine, a known immunosuppressant, might decrease HAMA production in addition to reducing bone marrow involvement. To be "positive," a participant had to have a positive HAMA assessment at any follow-up visit.

  • Time to HAMA Positivity From the First Dosimetric Dose [ Time Frame: HAMA was measured at baseline; Day5; Weeks 7, 17, 25; and then every 12 months while in study BEX104526. Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HAMA are human immunoglobulins with specificity for mouse immunoglobulins. HAMA assays were conducted in the laboratory to measure conversion to HAMA positivity following treatment. Time to HAMA positivity was calculated as the difference between the day on which HAMA positivity occurred and the first dosimetric dose administration day.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Grade 3 or Grade 4 Hematologic Toxicities [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adverse events were graded using the Common Toxicity Criteria from the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program, Division of Cancer Therapy, National Cancer Institute. Grades: 0 = No adverse event or within normal limits; 1 = Mild adverse event; 2 = Moderate adverse event; 3 = Severe and undesirable adverse event; 4 = Life-threatening or disabling adverse event; 5 = Death related to adverse event. Grade 3/4 hematological toxicities: hemoglobin <8.0 g/dL; platelets <50,000 cells per millimeters (mm)^3; ANC <1000 cells per mm^3; WBC <2000 cells per mm^3.

  • Number of Participants With Hypothyroidism Prior to Therapy and After the Therapeutic Dose [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for up to 99.1 months in Study 104504 or were followed in the long-term follow-up study for up to 141.5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Thyroid function was determined periodically, including during follow-up, in order to assess if there was any effect of the Iodine 131 on thyroid function. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone.


Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: November 1996
Study Completion Date: September 2008
Primary Completion Date: September 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: open-label single arm
Tositumomab and Iodine-131 Tositumomab radioimmunotherapy for chemotherapy-refractory low-grade B-cell lymphomas and low-grade lymphomas that have transformed to higher grade histologies.
Biological: Tositumomab and Iodine I 131 Tositumomab

Dosimetric Dose: 450 mg of TST infused over 70 minutes (inclusive of a 10-minute flush) immediately followed by I-131 TST (35 mg of TST, of which 1-2 mg had been labeled with 5 mCi of Iodine-131) infused over 30 minutes (inclusive of a 10-minute flush).

Therapeutic Dose: 7 to 14 days after the dosimetric dose, 450 mg of TST infused over 70 minutes (inclusive of a 10-minute flush) immediately followed by I-131 TST (35 mg of TST labeled with enough Iodine-131 to administer the specified whole body radiation dose determined for the subject) infused over 30 minutes (inclusive of a 10-minute flush). The desired total body dose was 65 cGy for subjects with a baseline platelet count of 100,001-149,999/mm3 and 75 cGy for patients with a baseline platelet count ≥150,000/mm3. Obese patients received an attenuated dose by not including subject mass over 137% of their calculated lean body mass in their calculated lean body mass in the dose calculation.


  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female subjects ≥18 years of age with histologically confirmed at initial diagnosis, previously treated (at least 2 prior chemotherapy regimens), low-grade NHL or low-grade lymphoma that had transformed to intermediate- or high-grade histology.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with more than an average of 25% of the intratrabecular marrow space involved by lymphoma in bone marrow biopsy specimens as assessed microscopically within 42 days of study entry. Bilateral posterior iliac crest core biopsies are required if the percentage of intratrebecular space involved exceeds 10% in a unilateral biopsy. The mean of bilateral biopsies must be no more than 25%.
  • Cytotoxic chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunosuppressants, or cytokine treatment within 4 weeks prior to study entry or persistent clinical evidence of toxicity.
  • Prior stem cell transplant.
  • Active obstructive hydronephrosis.
  • Evidence of active infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics at the time of study entry.
  • New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart disease or other serious illness that would preclude evaluation.
  • Prior malignancy other than lymphoma, except for adequately treated skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer for which the subject has been disease-free for 5 years.
  • Known HIV infection.
  • Known brain or leptomeningeal metastases.
  • Subjects who are pregnant or nursing.
  • Previous allergic reactions to iodine. This does not include reactions to intravenous iodine-containing contrast materials.
  • Prior exposure to monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies of any non-human species for either diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, including engineered chimeric and humanized antibodies.
  • Prior radioimmunotherapy.
  • Progressive disease within 1 year of irradiation arising in a field that has been previously irradiated with >3500 cGy.
  • Current use of either approved or non-approved (through another protocol) anti-cancer drugs or biologics
  • De novo intermediate- or high-grade lymphoma.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00989664

Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00989664     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 104504, RIT-II-004
Study First Received: October 1, 2009
Results First Received: March 15, 2012
Last Updated: March 15, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
radioimmunotherapy
NHL
Bexxar
lymphoma
Tositumomab

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Iodine
Cadexomer iodine
Iodine-131 anti-B1 antibody
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Trace Elements
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014