Now Available for Public Comment: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

Conventional Step-Up Versus Infliximab Monotherapy in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis (P05553 AM2) (MUNIX)

This study has been terminated.
(Due to slow recruitment the study was stopped prematurely.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00984568
First received: September 24, 2009
Last updated: October 30, 2014
Last verified: October 2014
  Purpose

This study will be performed to compare the efficacy and safety of the classical "Step-Up" approach for treatment of moderate-to-severe active ulcerative colitis using oral prednisolone + oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) or oral prednisolone + oral azathioprine (AZA) with a more intensive and early "Top-Hold" approach with intravenous infliximab (5 mg/kg) administered at Weeks 0, 2, and 6 and 8 weeks thereafter.


Condition Intervention Phase
Colitis, Ulcerative
Biological: Infliximab
Drug: Prednisolone
Drug: 5-aminosalicylic acid
Drug: Azathioprine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Conventional Step-Up Versus Infliximab Monotherapy in Patients With Active Moderate to Severe Ulcerative Colitis. A Randomized, Open Label, Prospective, Multicenter Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Response at Week 4 and Steroid-Free Remission at Week 50 [ Time Frame: Week 50 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Response at Week 4 was defined as a minimum decrease from baseline in Mayo score of 3 points and 30%. Steroid-free remission at Week 50 was defined as a total Mayo score (including endoscopic assessment) of 2 points or lower and no individual subscore exceeding 1. The Mayo score consists of the following 4 subscores: stool frequency; rectal bleeding; endoscopy results; physician's global assessment. Each subscore is rated on a scale from 0 (best) to 3 (worst). The total Mayo score is calculated as the sum of the 4 subscores and ranges from 0 (best) to 12 (worst).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Achieving Treatment Response [ Time Frame: Up to Week 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Response was defined as a minimum decrease from baseline in total Mayo score of 3 points and 30% up to and including 4 weeks after the start of treatment. The Mayo score consists of the following 4 subscores: stool frequency; rectal bleeding; endoscopy results; physician's global assessment. Each subscore

    is rated on a scale from 0 (best) to 3 (worst). The total Mayo score is calculated as the sum of the 4 subscores and ranges from 0 (best) to 12 (worst).



Enrollment: 28
Study Start Date: November 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Top-Hold
Level 1: Infliximab IV 5 mg/kg at Weeks 0, 2, and 6, and every 8 weeks thereafter. Level 2: Infliximab IV 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks. Level 3: Prednisolone induction + AZA 2.0-2.5 mg/kg/day.
Biological: Infliximab
Infliximab intravenous infusion at a dose of 5 mg/kg.
Other Name: Remicade; SCH 215596
Drug: Prednisolone
Oral prednisolone 40 mg/day or 1 mg/kg/day depending upon participant response.
Other Name: Decortin
Drug: Azathioprine
AZA administered orally at a dose of 2.0-2.5 mg/kg/day.
Other Names:
  • AZA
  • Imurek
Active Comparator: Step-Up
Level 1: Oral prednisolone (40 mg/day or 1 mg/kg/day in the case of non-response) + oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) 2 g/day. Level 2: Oral prednisolone (40 mg/day or 1 mg/kg/day in the case of non-response) + oral azathioprine (AZA) at a dose of 2.0-2.5 mg/kg/day. Level 3: Infliximab 5 mg/kg at Weeks 0, 2, and 6 and every 8 weeks thereafter.
Biological: Infliximab
Infliximab intravenous infusion at a dose of 5 mg/kg.
Other Name: Remicade; SCH 215596
Drug: Prednisolone
Oral prednisolone 40 mg/day or 1 mg/kg/day depending upon participant response.
Other Name: Decortin
Drug: 5-aminosalicylic acid
5-ASA administered orally at a dose of 2 g/day.
Other Names:
  • 5-ASA
  • Pentasa
Drug: Azathioprine
AZA administered orally at a dose of 2.0-2.5 mg/kg/day.
Other Names:
  • AZA
  • Imurek

Detailed Description:

Participants will be randomized to receive either intravenous (IV) infliximab monotherapy (Top-Hold approach) starting at a dose of 5 mg/kg at Weeks 0, 2, and 6 and thereafter every 8 weeks in Level 1, or classical Step-Up treatment starting with oral prednisolone (40 mg/day for at least 3 days and at most 2 weeks followed by 1 mg/kg/day for a minimum of 7 days and up to 2 weeks in the case the participant does not show an improvement in clinical symptoms under 40 mg/day treatment) + oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) at a dose of 2 g/day in Level 1.

Participants receiving Step-Up treatment who have not achieved adequate response during the first 4 weeks of prednisolone treatment will directly enter Level 3 treatment after endoscopy is performed to confirm treatment eligibility. Furthermore, participants that have not achieved response at Week 4 will also directly enter Level 3 and be switched to treatment with IV infliximab.

If a participant experiences a first flare after initial response, participants in the Step-Up group will start prednisolone treatment at the last effective dose (i.e., participants that previously responded to prednisolone 40 mg/day will receive a dose of 40 mg/day for at least 3 days and up to 2 weeks; participants that previously responded to prednisolone 1 mg/kg/day will receive a dose of 1 mg/kg/day for a minimum of 7 days and up to 2 weeks). If the last effective dose was 40 mg/day and the participant does not respond within 14 days, the dose will be adjusted to 1 mg/kg/day for a minimum of 7 days and up to 2 weeks. In case the participant does not respond to prednisolone (i.e., does not return to their individual baseline partial Mayo score obtained at study Week 4), the participant will enter Level 3 and receive treatment with IV infliximab.

If a participant experiences a second flare after initial response at Week 4 (Level 1), the participant will enter treatment Level 2. In Level 2, participants will receive a prednisolone induction at the same effective dose as previously used in Level 1 + maintenance treatment with oral azathioprine (AZA) at a dose of 2.0-2.5 mg/kg/day. Participants that do not respond to this treatment at Level 2 or that develop a further flare after initial response at Level 2 will enter Level 3 and will receive treatment with IV infliximab following endoscopy to confirm treatment eligibility.

If at any time during treatment, a participant becomes prednisolone dependent (i.e., flare during tapering phase of prednisolone), the participant will enter Level 3 treatment with IV infliximab.

Participants in Level 1 of the Top-Hold treatment group (IV infliximab at Week 0, 2, and 6 and every 8 weeks thereafter) that have not achieved response at Week 4 will receive IV infliximab 5 mg/kg at reduced intervals of 4 weeks (Level 2) starting with the Week 10 infusion. Participants suffering a flare after initial response in Level 1 will be switched to to Level 2. Participants that do not respond to treatment at reduced intervals after 3 infusions (12 weeks), or that develop a further flare after initial response at Level 2, will be switched to treatment with oral prednisolone + AZA (Level 3) following colonoscopy to confirm eligibility.

When a participant responds to treatment with IV infliximab in Level 2, they will return to treatment with IV infliximab every 8 weeks when response is achieved at 3 consecutive visits.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Any race or ethnicity
  • Must have a diagnosis of moderate-to-severe active ulcerative colitis (UC) with inflammation present beyond the rectum and including more than 20 cm of the colon (Mayo score of 6 to 12 points, inclusive ≥ 2 in the endoscopy subscore)
  • Must have responded inadequately to oral (with or without topical) 5-ASA treatment (prerequisite oral: at a minimum 4 g/d for 7 days) and must be considered for the first course of systemic corticosteroids; Participants with a UC and a Mayo score of ≥ 9 are also eligible without prior 5-ASA treatment
  • Must agree to use acceptable methods of contraception for at least 2 weeks prior to starting any study treatment and to continue until at least 6 months after the last doses of study drugs
  • Laboratory results must be within specified limits
  • Must be negative for colorectal cancer or any associated lesions
  • Must have a negative tuberculosis (TB) test
  • Must have a chest x-ray within the 3 months with no clinically significant abnormality, or evidence of current active TB or latent TB
  • Must have a negative stool culture

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant, nursing, or planning pregnancy
  • Had received previous treatment for UC with the corticosteroids, infliximab, azathioprine/

    6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), cyclosporine, tacrolimus, methotrexate, sirolimus, mycophenolate, any tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) inhibitor or receptor constructs that bind to ΤΝF-α (e.g., etanercept or adalimumab) and any other biologic agents

  • Frequent (chronic) use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Use of laxatives or any murine recombinant product
  • Had surgery for active gastrointestinal bleeding, peritonitis, intestinal obstruction, or intra-abdominal or pancreatic abscess requiring surgical drainage in previous 2 months
  • History of colonic obstruction within the previous 6 months
  • History of mucosal dysplasia, fistula or colonic resection, adenomatous polyps or stoma, severe, fixed symptomatic stenosis of the large or small intestine
  • Had serious infection with previous 2 months, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis
  • Had organ transplant (with the exception of a corneal transplant)
  • Any malignancy within 5 years, including lymphoma
  • History of demyelinating disease such as multiple sclerosis or optic neuritis
  • Presence or history of congestive heart failure
  • Requires chronic and frequent use of antimotility agents for control of diarrhea
  • Requires total parenteral nutrition
  • Had participated in any other clinical trial within 30 days or intention to participate in another clinical trial during participation in this study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00984568     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P05553, 2009-010065-23
Study First Received: September 24, 2009
Results First Received: February 19, 2013
Last Updated: October 30, 2014
Health Authority: Germany: Paul-Ehrlich-Institut

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colitis
Colitis, Ulcerative
Ulcer
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Aminosalicylic Acid
Azathioprine
Infliximab
Mesalamine
Methylprednisolone
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Methylprednisolone acetate
Prednisolone
Prednisolone acetate
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Antiemetics
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014