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Anti-Inflammatory Actions of Valsartan in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Ulm
Information provided by:
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00982358
First received: September 22, 2009
Last updated: NA
Last verified: September 2009
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

This study is designed to support the use of valsartan in the diabetic population. Two different groups will be studied, one with and one without coronary artery disease (CAD) documented by angiography.

The study is intended to demonstrate that valsartan 320 mg has an anti-inflammatory potential, reducing inflammatory serum markers as well as inflammatory gene expression, and to show that valsartan is able to improve metabolic parameters in this patient population. Furthermore, in the subgroup of patients with documented CAD this study wants to show that valsartan improves coronary perfusion.

3 Objectives

Primary objectives:

  1. To demonstrate the anti-inflammatory efficacy of valsartan 160/320 mg by testing the hypothesis of superiority compared to placebo in the reduction of the inflammatory marker Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) in plasma after 16 weeks of treatment in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  2. To demonstrate the anti-inflammatory efficacy of valsartan 160/320 mg by testing the hypothesis of superiority compared to placebo in the reduction of the inflammatory marker Interleukin 6 (IL-6) in plasma after 16 weeks of treatment in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Secondary objectives:

  1. To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on parameters of insulin sensitivity.
  2. To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on additional inflammatory markers in plasma [e.g. C-Reactive protein (CRP), soluble intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), serum amyloid A (SAA), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), fibrinogen, Interleukin 1β (IL-1β), matrix metalloproteases -2, -3 and -9 (MMP-2, -3, -9), and sE-selectin)].
  3. To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on inflammatory gene expression from monocytes and fat tissue.
  4. To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on metabolic gene expression in fat tissue.
  5. To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on coronary perfusion, in the group of patients with angiographically documented CAD.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hypertension
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Coronary Artery Disease
Drug: Valsartan
Other: Placebo
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 16-weeks, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Anti-inflammatory Actions of 320 mg Diovan in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes With and Without Coronary Artery Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Charite University, Berlin, Germany:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of VAL by analyzing the reduction of the inflammatory markers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) in serum after 16 weeks of treatment.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on parameters of insulin sensitivity.
  • To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on additional inflammatory markers in plasma
  • To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on inflammatory gene expression from monocytes and fat tissue
  • To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on metabolic gene expression in fat tissue.
  • To explore the effect of 160/320 mg valsartan on coronary perfusion, in the group of patients with angiographically documented CAD

Estimated Enrollment: 121
Study Start Date: July 2004
Study Completion Date: March 2007
Primary Completion Date: October 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Other: Placebo
Active Comparator: Valsartan Drug: Valsartan

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients between 30 and 80 years old, inclusive
  • Controlled type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on stable treatment at least during the 4 weeks prior to visit 1
  • Treated or untreated stage 1 (according to JNC VII Guidelines) or grade 1 (according to ESH/ESC 2003 Guidelines) hypertensive patients
  • For one stratum: angiographically proven CAD
  • Signed informed consent prior to any study procedure

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hypertension classified as stage 2 (or grade 2) or higher
  • Normotensive patients, i.e. patients who do not have a history of high blood pressure, and who are not receiving any antihypertensive medication
  • Treatment with more than 2 antihypertensive medications
  • Current treatment with ARBs
  • Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) >8.5% at Visit 1
  • Current treatment with glitazones
  • Myocardial infarction less than 3 months prior to Visit 1
  • Total cholesterol >7.8 mmol/l
  • Past diagnosis of any systemic inflammatory disease
  • Known or suspected contraindications, including history of allergy to angiotensin receptor blockers
  • History of hypertensive encephalopathy or cerebrovascular accident less than 1 year prior to Visit 1
  • Known Keith-Wagener grade III or IV hypertensive retinopathy
  • History of heart failure
  • Second or third degree heart block without a pacemaker
  • Concomitant unstable angina pectoris
  • Concurrent potential life threatening arrhythmia or symptomatic arrhythmia
  • Clinically significant valvular heart disease
  • Evidence of hepatic disease as determined by any one of the following: ALT or AST values > 2 x ULN at Visit 1, a history hepatic encephalopathy, a history of esophageal varices, or a history of portocaval shunt
  • Evidence of renal impairment as determined by any one of the following: serum creatinine >1.25 x ULN at visit 1, a history of dialysis, or a history of nephritic syndrome
  • Sodium value <132 mmol/L at Visit 1
  • Serum potassium values <3.5 mmol/L or >5.5 mmol/L at visit 1
  • Any surgical or medical condition which might alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion of any drug
  • Female patients who are not either post-menopausal for one year of surgically sterile, and who are not using effective contraceptive methods such as barrier method with spermicidal or an intra-uterine device. Oral contraceptive use or dermal implants as the only means of contraception are disallowed
  • Pregnant or lactating females
  • Any surgical or medical condition which, at the discretion of the investigator, place the patient at higher risk from his/her participation in the study, or are likely to prevent the patients from complying with the requirements of the study or completing the trial period
  • History of malignancy including leukemia and lymphoma within 5 years prior to Visit 1
  • History of any severe, life threatening disease within the past five years
  • Any previous history of a systemic autoimmune disease
  • History of drug or alcohol abuse within the last two years
  • Participation in any investigational drug trial within one month prior to visit 1
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00982358

Locations
Germany
University of Ulm, Department of Internal Medicine II
Ulm, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, 89081
Charité University Medicine Berlin, Center for Cardiovascular Research, Outpatient Clinic
Berlin, Germany, 10115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
University of Ulm
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Prof. Thomas Unger, M.D., Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Germany
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00982358     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CVAL489A2423, Ek#2140
Study First Received: September 22, 2009
Last Updated: September 22, 2009
Health Authority: Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Disease
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Hypertension
Myocardial Ischemia
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Heart Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Valsartan
Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
Antihypertensive Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014